Third Constitution of the United States
Latest Revision, September 7, 2012
We the People of the United States establish this Third Constitution of the United States of North America to promote human rights, social justice, ecological wisdom, democracy, and peace and happiness for the citizens of our country and ultimately to all citizens of the world. (The first US government was under the Articles of Confederation. The second was implemented with the presidency of George Washington in 1789, and this is the third.)
An Overview of the Third Constitution of the United States
Under this Third Constitution of the United States, there will be 435 federal legislators (the same number that was in the House of Representatives under the previous government), based on districts (including Washington D.C.) of equal population. The election of members of the House of Representatives will be based on the system of Proportional Representation.
Here is how Proportional Representation can work hypothetically: Voters in federal legislative districts will study and evaluate the platforms and constitutions of the 7 largest national political parties. Each voter will choose one of 7 political parties that he or she most identifies with. Let us say that based on the latest election, the new federal legislature will be 20% Republican, 20% Democratic, 15% Libertarian, 15% Constitution Party, 15% Green Party, 8% Socialist, and 7% Communist.
The United States Senate, which existed under the former government, has been eliminated, which means the new one-house legislature will have 100 fewer federal legislators; it will thus be a legislature that is unicameral, not bicameral. All federal legislation, in the one-chambered Congress, must be passed with a 51% majority.
This Third Constitution is far more democratic than the previous constitution, and it is much shorter and easier to understand. It takes all money out of politics, it reduces Supreme Court terms of office to 9 years, and allows Congress, not the president, to pick Supreme Court judges, using the method of Instant Runoff Voting. This Third Constitution also eliminates the previous Electoral College System for electing a president of the United States, choosing instead to elect the presidential candidate who gets at least a 51% majority using the method of Instant Runoff Voting. The Third Constitution promotes honesty and transparency at all levels of government. Average Americans will now feel empowered to engage in political thinking on a daily basis. Citizenship will be supremely valued, as never before. This constitution can and should be studied by elementary students.
Here is how Instant Runoff Voting can occur: Let us say there are 7 candidates in a race, candidates Anthony, Bertha, Connie, Dawn, Ernie, Frank, and Gertrude. Each voter will rank their top 3 choices from most favorite to least favorite. In the final round of counting, one of the 7 candidates must get at least 51% of the vote to win. At the first count of all the voters' first choices, Anthony got 30%, Bertha 30%, Connie 20%, Dawn 10%, Ernie 5%, Frank 3%, and Gertrude 2%.
The last 4 candidates above cannot possibly win and are eliminated. But the voters who chose the last 4 persons as their first choices will get to have either their second or third choices counted as their newly designated first choices before the second round of counting begins. If their second choice was also eliminated as a result of the first count, then their third choice can count as a first choice vote.
At the end of the second round of voting, 38% of the voters chose Anthony as their first choice, 37% chose Bertha, and 25% chose Connie. But when the second choices (or third choices) of the voters who chose Connie as their first choice were redistributed among the top two contenders, it turns out that after the third count, Bertha got a majority of 52% of the votes, compared to Anthony's 48%. So Bertha is the winner. However, in another scenario, if 51% of the voters (which is a majority) had originally chosen Connie as their first choice, no further rounds of counting would be necessary.
The second constitution was based on a system of plurality. Thus, in a close race between 3 candidates, for example, candidate Anthony could win with 31% of the vote, against Bertha's 30%, and Connie's 29%. That means that, under a system of plurality, a candidate could win with 59% of the voters voting against him or her. With Instant Runoff Voting, on the other hand, a candidate cannot win unless he or she has attained a majority of the votes; it is therefore more fair. Under the previous anti-majoritarian Electoral College System, a presidential candidate who got the most votes could still lose the election, which actually happened more than once.
Under the Third Constitution, there will be a National Elections Commission that will guarantee impartial election officials. Election administrators will be professionalized. There will be a voter-verified, paper audit trail produced by standardized voting equipment. Voting will be held on weekends. Polling places will be monitored by international and nonpartisan election observers when necessary.
Antitrust laws will be enforced to break up media conglomerates. Cable TV monopolies will be broken. The Fairness Doctrine will be restored. Public radio and public television will have board members who represent the top 7 political parties of a region. Free media time and public financing will be offered to candidates of the top 7 political parties. Micro-radio (or low-powered radio stations) will be supported in each community. There will be no censorship of the Internet.
Many of the democratic reforms of this Third Constitution have been endorsed by constitutional scholars. But to implement all of the reforms through separate constitutional amendments added to the second constitution could have taken several decades. Under this Third Constitution, which can level the playing field for 7 political parties, elitists who are mistrustful of too much democracy will now have an equal opportunity, not an unfair advantage, to express their beliefs.