Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Poll Analyses
Share on Facebook 17 Share on Twitter Printer Friendly Page More Sharing
Exclusive to OpEdNews:
OpEdNews Op Eds   

Is COVID-19 a Biological Warfare Weapon?

Author 81476
Message Roger Copple
Become a Fan
  (10 fans)

coronavirus-covid-19
coronavirus-covid-19
(Image by Nursing Schools Near Me)
  Details   DMCA
International law professor and bio weapons expert Dr. Francis Boyle argues that COVID-19 is a biological warfare weapon. OpEdNews and Information Clearing House are seemingly the only progressive websites that have published articles supporting Francis Boyle's position. Otherwise, it is more conservative groups and individuals such as Alex Jones, Joseph Mercola, Zero Hedge, Lew Rockwell, and Gospel News Network that appear to support his views.

Though most websites are not discussing or supporting Francis Boyle on this issue, I can't find scientific articles that specifically disprove Francis Boyle's conclusions. Francis Boyle was the creator of the Bio Weapons Anti-Terrorism Act of 1989 enacted by Congress. Francis Boyle has often been ignored by the mainstream news. Is he spreading misinformation or telling the truth?

Articles and videos from March 24, 2020 back to February 3, 2020:

If you don't have time to closely examine this exhaustive list, just watch this 9-minute video published March 17, 2020 in which Francis Boyle states that the Institute of Virology in Wuhan, China, a Bio Safety Level 4 Laboratory, bought the deadly virus technology from the University of North Carolina's Bio Safety Level 3 Laboratory, which got cells from Ft. Detrick, Maryland where the U.S. does its biological warfare testing. While the scientists in Wuhan were experimenting with the virus, it apparently got leaked out accidentally into the neighboring community. If you have more time, I would recommend this 39-minute interview of Dr. Francis Boyle by Dr. Joseph Mercola, which was probably recorded in mid-February, 2020.

Article: TheNews.com: Did Coronavirus Originate in Chinese Government Laboratory--March 24, 2020 This article does not mention Francis Boyle.

Video: Dot 6 Corbett Report--Medical Martial Law 2020. The Stage has been Set. Medical Martial Law is on its Way--March 22, 2020 This is interesting, but not specifically related to Francis Boyle's argument.

Article: Lew Rockwell.com: "Bioweapons Expert Speaks Out About Novel Coronavirus" by Joseph Mercola-March 21, 2020

Article and Video: OpEdNews.com: "Origin of Covid 19" by Jean-Luc Basle--March 18, 2020

Video: Prof. Francis Boyle Update on Coronavirus Bioweapon--Interview by Jason Liosatos--March 17, 2020

Video: Leading Expert in World on Biological Warfare, Dr Francis A. Boyle Discusses the Coronavirus--Interview by Dr. Joseph Mercola--March 8, 2020

Article and Video: theDailyCoin.org provides a short summary plus the same video above of Dr. Mercola's interview of Francis Boyle, published on March 8, 2020:

"In this interview, Francis Boyle whose background includes an undergraduate degree from the University of Chicago, a juris doctor (lawyer) degree from Harvard and a Ph. D in political science shares his theory of the origin of this novel coronavirus.

" Francis Boyle, who for decades has advocated against the development and use of bioweapons, suspects COVID-19 is a weaponized pathogen that escaped from Wuhan City's Biosafety Level 4 facility, which was specifically set up to research coronaviruses and SARS

" According to Boyle, the COVID-19 virus is a chimera. It includes SARS, an already weaponized coronavirus, along with HIV genetic material and possibly flu virus. It also has gain of function properties that allow it to spread a greater distance than normal

" The incubation period for COVID-19 infection is still unknown, but estimates range from 14 days to 30 days

" The U.S. government spent $100 billion on biological warfare programs since September 11, 2011, up until October 2015

" While there have so far only been a limited number of reported cases of COVID-19 infection in the U.S., the U.S. military has designated several detention sites around the country to quarantine Americans, should the situation take a turn for the worse (end of quote)

Video: Dr. Francis Boyle's Interview by Alex Jones: Coronavirus Is An Offensive Weapon--March 5, 2020

Article: Wikipedia: "Misinformation related to the 2019-2020 coronavirus pandemic" (This article reports that Francis Boyle and U.S. Senator Tom Cotton (R-AR) are spreading misinformation) March 2020

Article: Global Research.ca: "No Weapon Left Behind: The American Hybrid War on China" by Pepe Escobar--February 23, 2020 (Pepe Escobar says Francis Boyle's views are unfounded)

Video: Dr Francis Boyle: China Bought Weaponized Wuhan Virus--Another Interview with Alex Jones--February 19, 2020

Article and Video: Fox News: Senator Tom Cotton stands by startling theory on coronavirus origins--February 18, 2020

Article: InformationClearinghouse.info: Creator of Bio Weapons Act Says Coronavirus Is Biological Warfare Weapon--Geopolitics and Empire interview Francis Boyle--February 17, 2020

Article: Technocracy.news: BioWeapons Expert Says Coronavirus is Biological Warfare Weapon--February 4, 2020

Article and Video: Gospel News Network.org: Francis Boyle: Wuhan Coronavirus Is An Offensive Biological Warfare Weapon--February 4, 2020

Article and Video: Zerohedge.com: Creator of U.S. BioWeapons Act Says Coronavirus is Biological Warfare Weapon--February 3, 2020

March 27, 2020:

Here is another video that I found 3 days after this article was published at OpEdNews: Iranian, Russian and Chinese Officials Claim COVID-19 Is a Biological Weapon (Video) by Scott Baker--March 14, 2020

Here is an article that argues the opposite: Scripps Research Institute: "COVID-19 Coronavirus Epidemic Has a Natural Origin"--Science Daily, March 17, 2020

Trump vs. Fauci: Battle of Agendas--March 26, 2020 This video finds experts that support hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for COVID-19 and recommends a herd immunity approach. The coronavirus is more a pandemic of panic. There's no need to destroy the world's economy because of the coronavirus.



(Article changed on March 28, 2020 at 15:57)

 

Rate It | View Ratings

Roger Copple Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

March 20, 2020 I grew up in a church that said you had to speak in tongues to get saved and go to heaven. I often prayed fervently for the experience in the prayer room at church, where people would cry and wail, and roll on the floor. One (more...)
 

Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Writers Guidelines
Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

STAY IN THE KNOW
If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEdNews Newsletter
Name
Email
   (Opens new browser window)
 

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

Veganism: Why Doctors Don't Recommend It

Integrating Karl Marx and Abraham Maslow

Is COVID-19 a Biological Warfare Weapon?

Bring Back the U.S. Peace Movement

How Bernie Can Create World Peace in Less Than 4 Years

Comments Image Post Article Comment and Rate This Article

These discussions are not moderated. We rely on users to police themselves, and flag inappropriate comments and behavior. In accordance with our Guidelines and Policies, we reserve the right to remove any post at any time for any reason, and will restrict access of registered users who repeatedly violate our terms.

  • OpEdNews welcomes lively, CIVIL discourse. Personal attacks and/or hate speech are not tolerated and may result in banning.
  • Comments should relate to the content above. Irrelevant, off-topic comments are a distraction, and will be removed.
  • By submitting this comment, you agree to all OpEdNews rules, guidelines and policies.
          

Comment Here:   


You can enter 2000 characters. To remove limit, please click here.

Please login or register. Afterwards, your comment will be published.
 

Username
Password

Forgot your password? Click here and we will send an email to the address you used when you registered.
First Name
Last Name

I am at least 16 years of age
(make sure username & password are filled in. Note that username must be an email address.)

2 people are discussing this page, with 9 comments  Post Comment


Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

Scott Baker - You are Spreading SLANDER and DANGEROUS Lies! How did you ascertain this serious dis-information and fix the abominable Garbage you have copied from the sources of EVIL: Xi, Putin & the Ayatola - Fix the Drivel you have spread! Science News from research organizations COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic has a natural origin Date: March 17, 2020 Source: Scripps Research Institute Summary: An analysis of public genome sequence data from SARS-CoV-2 and related viruses found no evidence that the virus was made in a laboratory or otherwise engineered.

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 3:43:58 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help
Indent

Roger Copple

Become a Fan
Author 81476
(Member since Sep 7, 2012), 10 fans, 98 articles, 3 quicklinks, 302 comments, 2 diaries (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Reply to Lawrence Klein:   New Content

Lawrence, I am not Scott Baker. Is it possible that you are referring to this article by Scott Baker?

Iranian, Russian and Chinese Officials Claim COVID-19 Is a Biological Weapon (Video) by Scott Baker

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:39:08 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

The novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that emerged in the city of Wuhan, China, last year and has since caused a large scale COVID-19 epidemic and spread to more than 70 other countries is the product of natural evolution, according to findings published today in the journal Nature Medicine.

The analysis of public genome sequence data from SARS-CoV-2 and related viruses found no evidence that the virus was made in a laboratory or otherwise engineered.

"By comparing the available genome sequence data for known coronavirus strains, we can firmly determine that SARS-CoV-2 originated through natural processes," said Kristian Andersen, PhD, an associate professor of immunology and microbiology at Scripps Research and corresponding author on the paper.

In addition to Andersen, authors on the paper, "The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2," include Robert F. Garry, of Tulane University; Edward Holmes, of the University of Sydney; Andrew Rambaut, of University of Edinburgh; W. Ian Lipkin, of Columbia University.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause illnesses ranging widely in severity. The first known severe illness caused by a coronavirus emerged with the 2003 Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) epidemic in China. A second outbreak of severe illness began in 2012 in Saudi Arabia with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

On December 31 of last year, Chinese authorities alerted the World Health Organization of an outbreak of a novel strain of coronavirus causing severe illness, which was subsequently named SARS-CoV-2. As of February 20, 2020, nearly 167,500 COVID-19 cases have been documented, although many more mild cases have likely gone undiagnosed. The virus has killed over 6,600 people.

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:09:41 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

Shortly after the epidemic began, Chinese scientists sequenced the genome of SARS-CoV-2 and made the data available to researchers worldwide. The resulting genomic sequence data has shown that Chinese authorities rapidly detected the epidemic and that the number of COVID-19 cases have been increasing because of human to human transmission after a single introduction into the human population. Andersen and collaborators at several other research institutions used this sequencing data to explore the origins and evolution of SARS-CoV-2 by focusing in on several tell-tale features of the virus.

The scientists analyzed the genetic template for spike proteins, armatures on the outside of the virus that it uses to grab and penetrate the outer walls of human and animal cells. More specifically, they focused on two important features of the spike protein: the receptor-binding domain (RBD), a kind of grappling hook that grips onto host cells, and the cleavage site, a molecular can opener that allows the virus to crack open and enter host cells.

Evidence for natural evolution

The scientists found that the RBD portion of the SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins had evolved to effectively target a molecular feature on the outside of human cells called ACE2, a receptor involved in regulating blood pressure. The SARS-CoV-2 spike protein was so effective at binding the human cells, in fact, that the scientists concluded it was the result of natural selection and not the product of genetic engineering.

This evidence for natural evolution was supported by data on SARS-CoV-2's backbone -- its overall molecular structure. If someone were seeking to engineer a new coronavirus as a pathogen, they would have constructed it from the backbone of a virus known to cause illness. But the scientists found that the SARS-CoV-2 backbone differed substantially from those of already known coronaviruses and mostly resembled related viruses found in bats and pangolins.

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:13:15 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

"These two features of the virus, the mutations in the RBD portion of the spike protein and its distinct backbone, rules out laboratory manipulation as a potential origin for SARS-CoV-2" said Andersen.

Josie Golding, PhD, epidemics lead at UK-based Wellcome Trust, said the findings by Andersen and his colleagues are "crucially important to bring an evidence-based view to the rumors that have been circulating about the origins of the virus (SARS-CoV-2) causing COVID-19."

"They conclude that the virus is the product of natural evolution," Goulding adds, "ending any speculation about deliberate genetic engineering."

Possible origins of the virus

Based on their genomic sequencing analysis, Andersen and his collaborators concluded that the most likely origins for SARS-CoV-2 followed one of two possible scenarios.

In one scenario, the virus evolved to its current pathogenic state through natural selection in a non-human host and then jumped to humans. This is how previous coronavirus outbreaks have emerged, with humans contracting the virus after direct exposure to civets (SARS) and camels (MERS). The researchers proposed bats as the most likely reservoir for SARS-CoV-2 as it is very similar to a bat coronavirus. There are no documented cases of direct bat-human transmission, however, suggesting that an intermediate host was likely involved between bats and humans.

In this scenario, both of the distinctive features of SARS-CoV-2's spike protein -- the RBD portion that binds to cells and the cleavage site that opens the virus up -- would have evolved to their current state prior to entering humans. In this case, the current epidemic would probably have emerged rapidly as soon as humans were infected, as the virus would have already evolved the features that make it pathogenic and able to spread between people.

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:16:24 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

In the other proposed scenario, a non-pathogenic version of the virus jumped from an animal host into humans and then evolved to its current pathogenic state within the human population. For instance, some coronaviruses from pangolins, armadillo-like mammals found in Asia and Africa, have an RBD structure very similar to that of SARS-CoV-2. A coronavirus from a pangolin could possibly have been transmitted to a human, either directly or through an intermediary host such as civets or ferrets.

Then the other distinct spike protein characteristic of SARS-CoV-2, the cleavage site, could have evolved within a human host, possibly via limited undetected circulation in the human population prior to the beginning of the epidemic. The researchers found that the SARS-CoV-2 cleavage site, appears similar to the cleavage sites of strains of bird flu that has been shown to transmit easily between people. SARS-CoV-2 could have evolved such a virulent cleavage site in human cells and soon kicked off the current epidemic, as the coronavirus would possibly have become far more capable of spreading between people.

Study co-author Andrew Rambaut cautioned that it is difficult if not impossible to know at this point which of the scenarios is most likely. If the SARS-CoV-2 entered humans in its current pathogenic form from an animal source, it raises the probability of future outbreaks, as the illness-causing strain of the virus could still be circulating in the animal population and might once again jump into humans. The chances are lower of a non-pathogenic coronavirus entering the human population and then evolving properties similar to SARS-CoV-2.

Funding for the research was provided by the US National Institutes of Health, the Pew Charitable Trusts, the Wellcome Trust, the European Research Council, and an ARC Australian Laureate Fellowship.

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:18:14 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Lawrence Klein

Become a Fan
Author 23018
(Member since Sep 27, 2008), 1 fan, 1 articles, 40 comments (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Not paid member although Facebook page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Twitter page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Linkedin page url on login Profile is filled in Not paid member although Instagram page url on login Profile is filled in

  New Content

Story Source:

Materials provided by Scripps Research Institute. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Kristian G. Andersen, Andrew Rambaut, W. Ian Lipkin, Edward C. Holmes, Robert F. Garry. The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nature Medicine, 2020; DOI: 10.1038/s41591-020-0820-9

Cite This Page:

Scripps Research Institute. "COVID-19 coronavirus epidemic has a natural origin." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 March 2020. .

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 4:19:21 AM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Roger Copple

Become a Fan
Author 81476
(Member since Sep 7, 2012), 10 fans, 98 articles, 3 quicklinks, 302 comments, 2 diaries (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

  New Content

To show arguments for both sides, I think it is only fair that I also share this article: Scripps Research Institute: "COVID-19 Coronavirus Epidemic Has a Natural Origin"--Science Daily, March 17, 2020

Submitted on Friday, Mar 27, 2020 at 3:54:12 PM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

Roger Copple

Become a Fan
Author 81476
(Member since Sep 7, 2012), 10 fans, 98 articles, 3 quicklinks, 302 comments, 2 diaries (How many times has this commenter been recommended?)
Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

  New Content
In this article, published 8 days, I stated that I haven't found any scientific articles that specifically disprove Francis Boyle's conclusions. This article The Origins and Scientific Failings of the COVID-19 'Bioweapon' Conspiracy Theory by Alex Kasprak--April 1, 2020 does specifically address Boyle's conclusions, but readers will have to judge for themselves if it specifically disproves Boyle's conclusions. Hopefully, with time, we will all have a better understanding of the origin of COVID-19. I would also like to find out if Francis Boyle is sticking to his original claims or not, but I haven't found any recent talks that he has given.

Submitted on Wednesday, Apr 1, 2020 at 8:40:11 PM

Author 0
Add New Comment
  Recommend  (0+)
Help

 
Want to post your own comment on this Article? Post Comment