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Life Arts    H4'ed 10/31/20

The Edgar Poe You Never Knew: a Mere Writer of Horror or a Humanist Master of the Mind

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Published from Rising Tide Foundation

What did Poe mean when he wrote "But in all ages the great obstacles to advancement in Art have been opposed by the so-called men of science."? If you are not certain of the answers to these questions, keep them in mind as we go further and I will address them---

Edgar Allen Poe Mural
Edgar Allen Poe Mural
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What say of it? what say CONSCIENCE grim, T hat spectre in my path?

-Chamberlain's Pharronida

This is a transcript of a lecture given at an RTF Symposium titled "The Edgar Poe You Never Knew"

The purpose of this paper is to debunk the myth surrounding Poe; that he was just a mere writer of horror and that he had an unhealthy obsession with the mad and the morbid--- since isn't that all he ever wrote about?

Not only is Poe associated with the mad but many think he must have been mad himself, since in order to portray madness with such depth of understanding, it is commonly thought that one must partake in that very thing. Further claims conclude that Poe was an alcoholic and gambler, thus sharing in the qualities of many of the characters he chose to write about. Therefore, the narrative has been that while Poe was a gifted and intelligent writer, he was also deeply disturbed, and that his stories reflected the inner turmoil and conflict he suffered within himself against the demons that he was so evidently battling. Thus, reading his stories of horror are entertaining displays and insights into madness, but at best, are an interesting study of psychology into the criminally insane. Otherwise, there is no other worth or value to be found in them, and for the majority of his readership, Poe's short stories are rather likened to a dark desert that is to be voraciously consumed.

Well, I disagree. In this paper I will present a rebuttal to these popular opinions about Poe, that what seems to be Poe's unhealthy obsession with the criminally insane is in fact an intervention into the mind of his readership. What many of us have been guilty of when attempting to describe Poe, is the failure to ask ourselves the questions: "Well, why do we find his stories fascinating and entertaining? What draws us to the supposed horror?" Many of the characters developed in his stories, despite having done terrible acts, have often a degree of relatability when their inner thoughts are shared with us. Is he trying to humanise the diabolic and make us feel sympathy for its crimes? Or is he revealing a part of ourselves that we were not fully conscious of beforehand, and that we MUST be conscious of in order to avoid our own self destruction?

Mellonta Tauta

Before I go into an investigation of one Poe's most famous short "horror" stories, I wanted to quickly discuss with you the last essay Poe wrote at the end of his life titled Eureka, of which Mellonta Tauta was published as a stand-alone segment in 1849. In this short story the narrator is speaking from the future (April 1, 2848 to be exact). The narrator goes on in a letter he is writing to a friend how history (basically the time of Poe) compares with that of the future (or present time of the narrator). In his letter, he compares various things from the past and future and what he thinks of them. Sometimes he expresses a conclusion we can agree with and others times not, the reader must decide for themselves what to do with this.

In one of the sections which I want to go over with you in detail, the narrator brings up two methods of investigation; a priori (deductive) and a posteriori (inductive) thinking.

-- the first aeronaut, maintained the practicability of traversing the atmosphere in all directions-- he was scarcely hearkened to at all by his contemporaries, who looked upon him as merely an ingenious sort of madman, because the philosophers(!) of the day declared the thing impossible.

Really now it does seem to me quite unaccountable how any thing so obviously feasible could have escaped the sagacity of the ancient savans. But in all ages the great obstacles to advancement in Art have been opposed by the so-called men of science. To be sure, our men of science are not quite so bigoted as those of old: ---oh, I have something so queer to tell you on this topic.

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Cynthia Chung is a lecturer, writer and co-founder and editor of the Rising Tide Foundation (Montreal, Canada).  She has lectured on the topics of Schiller's aesthetics, Shakespeare's tragedies, Roman history, the Florentine Renaissance among other subjects. She is a writer for (more...)
 

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David William Pear

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I thoroughly enjoyed this article. It is so relevant to today, with "follow the science" and the rabbit hole of biosecurity and pre-crime. The technology is racing faster than humans can keep up with, and takes us back into the future--- plague masks, contact tracing, monitoring sewage to predict covid-1984 hotspots, wearable surveillance, biometric technology. We have returned to the science of phrenology and eugenics.

Someone please leave a bottle of Cognac and roses on Poe's grave.

Submitted on Saturday, Oct 31, 2020 at 3:44:21 AM

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Derryl Hermanutz

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In values theory, humans are conative beings: we have needs, desires and purposes. Conative means we are "valuing" beings. Value does not exist in objects. Value is a verb. We value that which secures our needs, satisfies our desires, and advances us toward our purposes.

All of the valuing is contingent upon what the valuing being actually values. There is no "reason" for any being to have the needs, desires and purposes it has, other than this is just how we find ourselves being, here in this reality. Rational behavior is simply whatever moves you toward what you want (what you "value"), and away from what you don't want.

The "men of science" assume that the desires and purposes (ends) themselves must conform to the scientists' version of "rational" ends. They cannot understand how anybody can possibly want to be tortured, as in S&M sex. These are "perverse values". But the people who are motivated by perverse values are not "irrational". Reason has nothing to say about what people "should" want.

Via observation and inductive reasoning you can discover that there exist people who are driven by what "normal" people consider to be perverse motives. You are seeing "what is". The "men of science" know that such things cannot be within their "rational" worldview. They can only see "what should be", according to them. They assume the purpose of human life is to achieve pleasure and avoid pain. They assume "God" or Reason gave humans this purpose.

There is nothing irrational about seeking out a torturer to satisfy your perverse desire to be tortured. Reason is merely a path to getting what you desire. Plato, Kant et al failed at establishing an a priori foundation for human values, a set of "self-evident" moral truths that apply to all people at all times in all circumstances. The project of establishing a "universal purpose" for human existence is built on hubris, not reason. The would-be gods of this world - the know-alls and do-gooders brimful of their moral certainties about how all people must be to make a perfect world - are a plague and a tyranny upon humanity, not a benefactor or savior.

Submitted on Sunday, Nov 1, 2020 at 12:37:46 AM

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David William Pear

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Seriously, brilliant comment.

Submitted on Sunday, Nov 1, 2020 at 3:06:19 AM

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