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Imran Khan's Nuclear Rhetoric

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Pakistan's  Babur Cruise Missiles on a Truck at IDEAS 2008.
Pakistan's Babur Cruise Missiles on a Truck at IDEAS 2008.
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India and Pakistan are nuclear rivals. Yet both countries have been exchanging a list of their nuclear installations on the first day of every New Year for the past 29 years. This they are doing under a bilateral arrangement that prohibits them from attacking each other's atomic facilities.

Put simply, nuclear war in the sub-continent is not a danger lurking even in the shadows. But Imran Khan has been harping on N-danger for the past seven months, denouncing India's ruling party as supremacist and its leader Narendra Modi as fascist reborn. Pakistan's military and civilian leaders have picked up the same refrain and have gone ballistic in their attacks on India as though they have become cockier.

Well there is no denying that India has provoked Pakistani leadership by rolling back the special status of its Kashmir (the decision has no bearing on Pakistan held Kashmir or China held Kashmir), and by offering citizenship to Pakistan's religious minorities turned refugees knocking at its door.

The twin acts have provided good fodder to the Pakistani motor mouths. Beyond twitter feed and byte thunder, they find themselves powerless to make India bleed. The time tested old instrument - terrorism through proxies - has proved ineffective in Modi's Kashmir, going by reports from Ground Zero.

India's Feb 2019 airstrike on Balakot to eliminate Kashmir - centric terrorist centre deep inside Pakistan ended the status quo of sorts in military preparedness. It has exposed the limitations of Pakistan's N-bluff.

Yet Prime Minister Imran Khan has not given up his N-rhetoric. And his paranoia about an existential threat from India. Whether it is UN General Assembly or whether it is Global Refugee Forum (GRF) in Geneva, his message is a warning of dire consequences in the event of a nuclear war with India.

"If a conventional war starts between the two countries, anything could happen. A country seven times smaller than its neighbour, what will it do - either surrender or fight for its freedom", he told the UN last September, remarking "My belief is we will fight and when a nuclear-armed country fights till the end it will have consequences far beyond the borders".

Khan stuck to the same theme in his address to GRF while predicting a refugee crisis in South Asia on account of Modi government decision to give Indian citizenship to refugees from Pakistan et al.

This refugee claim is no more than a mind game as terrifying as Pakistan's nuclear weapons programme. More so since Pakistan does not have, going by Imran-speak, a "no first use" doctrine, and reserves the right to use low-yield tactical nuclear weapons, to settle scores with India, which had inflicted humiliating military defeats more than once in the past.

Five years ago, in 2015 the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Stimson Center estimated Pakistan's bomb-making capability at twenty devices annually. Since Pakistan is said to have an arsenal of 110 to 130 nuclear bombs, the Land of the Pure, as Pakistan styles itself, can quickly become the third-largest nuclear power in the world.

This prognosis has prompted San Francisco based Japanese security expert Kyle Mizokami to remark in 2019: "Forget North Korea: Pakistan's nuclear weapons program is truly terrifying".

According to him, the sea component of Pakistan's nuclear force consists of the Babur class of cruise missiles. The latest version, Babur-2 is deployed on both land and at sea on ships, where they would be more difficult to neutralize. A submarine-launched version, Babur-3, would be the most survivable of all Pakistani nuclear delivery systems.

Military's Strategic Plans Division, (SPD) - the heart of Pakistan's National Command Authority, (NCA) - holds the N-weapons in Punjab Province which provides the bulk of manpower for the Army. Pakistan claims that its N weapons are "armed by the appropriate code at the last moment, preventing a rogue nuke scenario". Well, safety concerns still remain unadulterated.

Of no less concern is the reality that Pakistan has not declared its official nuclear doctrine even as it moved to "Full Spectrum Deterrence" (FSD) from the Bhutto era creed - "minimum credible deterrence".

The Advisor to Pakistan's Nuclear Command Authority Lt General (retired) Khalid Kidwai has an interesting take. He headed the SPD for record 14-years. So the Kidwai-speak demands attention.

FSD, he says, focuses on a capability to bring "every Indian target into Pakistan's striking range" and provides options to select amongst counter-value, battlefield and counter-force targets.

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Rama Rao Malladi is New Delhi based senior journalist and distinguished commentator on South Asian and Central Asian issues. He is a regular contributor to several publications in and outside India. His articles are featured in News Blaze.Rama (more...)
 

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Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan and his colleagues as also the military leadership of the country have been making blistering attack on India for the past seven - eight months- firstly for ending special status of India held Kashmir and secondly for offering Indian citizenship to all persecuted minority - refugees (from Pakistan and other SA countries) knocking at its door. Both these decisions are India specific and have no bearing on Pakistan. But Prime Minister Imran Khan sees them as new flash point in the relations between the two nuclear neighbours. The article examines why he has been warning of a nuclear war, and offers interesting new insight into the issue.

Submitted on Sunday, Mar 22, 2020 at 8:46:42 PM

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