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A central player in Israeli affairs since the state's inception, Ariel Sharon molded history according to his own stark vision. He won consent for his plans through ruthlessness and guile, and resorted to force when he could not find any. An accused war criminal who presided over the killing of thousands of civilians, his foes referred to him as "The Bulldozer." To those who revered him as a strong-armed protector and patron saint of the settlements, he was "The King of Israel." In a life acted out in three parts, Sharon destroyed entire cities, wasted countless lives and sabotaged careers to shape the reality on the ground.
The first act of Sharon's career began after the 1948 war that established Israel at the expense of 750,000 Palestinians who were driven away in a campaign of mass expulsion. Badly wounded in the battle of Latrun, where the Israeli army suffered a bitter defeat at the hands of the Royal Jordanian Army, Sharon momentarily retired from army life. He looked back in anger at the failure to take Latrun, a strategic swath of land containing three Palestinian towns seemingly obstructing the new Jewish state's demographic continuity. Spineless politicians and feckless commanders had tied the hands of Israel's troops, he claimed, leaving the Jewish state exposed from within. Sharon yearned to finish 1948 -- to complete the expulsion project he viewed as deficient.
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