All of this and more is explained in The End of the Beginning. Socialists all over the world, but especially in the United States and the West, should read this book if they are interested in countering anti-Soviet dogma while maintaining a sober analysis of what led to the Soviet Union's demise. The U.S. and Western world are without a communist party capable of transforming society the way that the Communist Party of the Soviet Union revolutionized material conditions in the east. Since 1991, workers in Russia, Eastern Europe, the U.S., and much of Western world have seen their standard of living decline dramatically. It is obvious that the formation of a vanguard party will be a necessary ingredient to reversing the many miseries that late stage capitalism has imposed upon the working class. The successes and failures of the Soviet Union help us understand why and Martinez's latest book is not afraid to approach them from a revolutionary perspective.