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Liberal democracy is on a perilous path

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As matters calm down after the bloody events preceding the transfer of power in Washington, one conclusion is palpably evident. Many Americans have lost confidence in the political leadership and democratic system. Their disenchantment with liberal democracy poses a deadly threat. It has created fertile ground for populist demagogues to tap into deep-seated grievances.

A most alarming development is that a minority of extremists have resorted to mob violence to overturn the verified results of free and fair elections. Their crude attempts to subvert the rule of law have created a volatile environment. Those individuals and organizations involved in unlawful activities must face the full force of the law.

The spectacle of the ransacking of the bastion of American democracy by anti-democratic forces will linger for some time. America's claims of being a model democracy are in tatters. It is a disturbing development for pro-democratic forces throughout the world.

But mere populist slogans or violence won't address complex political, economic, and social problems. These problems need sober analysis and concrete actions.

According to a report in 2020 from the University of Cambridge Center for the Future of Democracy, 55% of Americans are dissatisfied with the system of government. The report suggests that the deep democratic malaise is due to the government's failure to manage financial crises and growing inequality.

Partisanship and gridlock in Washington add to democracy's woes. Convincing Americans who feel that democracy is a luxury that they are on the wrong path is increasingly difficult. Politics divided by left and right extremes, unable to find common ground, just isn't working. But the alternatives are authoritarianism and autocracy, a slippery slope to disaster.

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It's not surprising that economic issues drive the growing disillusionment with the political system. As an example, participants in focus groups organized in the US and UK by the Pew Research Center in 2019 felt "left behind". They blamed the forces of globalization for closing industries, causing people to abandon their homes and harming them economically.

Since the 1990s, the globalization of manufacturing jobs has hit some key areas and industries in the US and other western democracies. The primary reason is that multinational corporations, eyeing increased profits, moved operations to lesser developed countries.

Globalization is blamed for stagnating incomes and job losses in developed economies. It has left an insecure workforce and caused deep divisions in society between the winners and losers. They include rural and urban voters in the US spread across generations.

The losers see globalization as a big win for multinational businesses and their shareholders, the Wall Street fat cats. A large group of voters blames Washington politicians for unfair trade deals and their reduced standard of living. As income inequalities rise, these dis-grunted voters support politicians who advocate a return to protectionism and imposing curbs on immigration.

Advocates pitched globalization as a win-win strategy for both rich and poorer countries. That consumers in rich countries could access inexpensive products made by workers in developing countries at a lower cost. And as trade barriers dropped, economic expansion and global political cooperation would ensue.

There's no doubt that globalization has helped lesser-developed countries to export low-cost products to new markets. The downside is the exploitation of cheap labor and abysmal working conditions in many developing countries.

But many working people in rich countries, long pampered by consumer capitalism, have lost out. They see globalization as a negative wealth transfer and fear for the future for themselves and their families. This crisis of confidence is hard to manage in a democracy as economic issues impact voting decisions.

While it is too late to stop globalization, it is possible to mitigate its excesses through fair trade agreements and competition, and more innovation. Another way to lessen its impact is the partial reinvestment of corporate profits earned through globalization. Such investments can help in the revitalization of industries, leading to the creation of new jobs, in affected areas in the US.

At the same time, the hardening of the social and class divide is another crucial challenge to liberal democracy. It is not just less well-off Americans, losing out to globalization, who are questioning the value of democracy. Richer Americans, fearing policies that favor a redistribution of wealth, are growing increasingly impatient with democratic institutions.

There is no simple way out of the mess that liberal democracy finds itself in the US and elsewhere. Unlike dictatorships, democracies can't force unity at gunpoint to counter alienation. Visionary leadership, Democrat and Republican are needed to bring around angry voters. Americans need a powerful message of renewal in the shared purpose and common destiny in the liberal democratic system.

Most importantly, the pillars of American democracy: an independent judiciary, freedom of the press, the rule of law, and civil associations (secular and religious) need safeguards. It would be a grave mistake if America allows the erosions of these vital democratic institutions.

The best hope is a revival of the original promise of liberal democracy, where working people feel part of the system. A refreshed commitment towards a fairer society, human rights, and justice. Otherwise, liberal democracy, unable to deal with political, economic, and social challenges, faces a perilous future.

 

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Saad Hafiz is an analyst and commentator on politics, peace, and security issues.

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Liberal democracy is on a perilous path

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4 people are discussing this page, with 20 comments  Post Comment


Art Costa

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Scale.

Democracy is not possible in a nation of 330 million over between 1 and 2 million square miles, not to mention it's expansion as a global empire.

Without a thorough consideration for scale - small, you'll just be flapping your wings, bemoaning something that never was.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 7:14:17 PM

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Reply to Art Costa:   New Content

Surely Art you aren't trying to suggest that the votes for mayor in Owatonna MN, a population of about 20,000, are "free and fair". Corruption is the problem, not the size of the electorate.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 10:25:10 PM

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Art Costa

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Gee John Swiebel. I gave you more created than this bizarre comparison.

Obviously my post went over your head.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 10:49:26 PM

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Art Costa

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Reply to Art Costa:   New Content

To John Swiebel: to put my point succinctly: scale is necessary but not sufficient in any organizing social/political principle to achieve democracy, and to create something other than authoritarianism which is what we see as size increases.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 11:07:54 PM

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Saad Hafiz

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Reply to John Zwiebel:   New Content

Ensuring "free and fair" elections is an essential feature of a vibrant democracy. We know that the election process isn't perfect. Dealing with tampering and corruption is part and parcel of the democratic process.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 1:11:51 PM

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Saad Hafiz

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Reply to Art Costa:   New Content

Art: Democracy evolved beyond the Greek city state. Liberal democracy has been on a progressive path for 300 years in big and small countries. Undoubtedly it faces challenges today but that doesn't mean it is unworkable.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 1:03:47 PM

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Saad obviously I disagree. Scale over thousands of years has shown itself to be pivotal to solving (or in the case of growth, creating) most major problems, including self-governance. I base this on anthropological studies. (I don't claim a romantic view of homo sapiens pre-civilization or utopia, but a way of life more in concert with our origins and can be viewed in smaller nations and indigenous tribes.)

The United States began as a small nation-state bent on expansion, and global empire. This does not allow for self-governance. We know that growth and the concentration of wealth are intimately tied. Power decides who rules and who gets the vast amounts of wealth.

300 years of US existence has only demonstrated this historical fact and the trajectory we're on has been decided by continuing the path of ever increasing growth. (I've refer you to the works of anthropologists John H. Bodley and the reference supporting what I''m contending.)

Concentration of power, however that's done, has never been greater than what we witness today in large nations, most specifically the USA.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 5:32:34 PM

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Saad Hafiz

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Reply to Art Costa:   New Content

Art, we are coming at it from different angles. Over 150 million citizens (Democrats, Republicans, Independent) voted for the "concentration of power" you refer to. Power and economic concentration in the US and other democracies is obviously a problem. But it is still better than similar concentrations in the State or one party in authoritarian states.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 5:55:16 PM

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It has been demonstrated through extensive analysis that as a nation grows, power (not just wealth) is concentrated in the hands of a few. (The Pareto distribution is a power-law probability distribution that is used in description of social, quality control, scientific, geophysical, actuarial, and many other types of observable phenomena.)

The two parties do not assure liberal democracy at all. In fact it's difficult to say that these parties, which assure only they exist, represent anything more than concentrated power.

My point is, this is a direct function of size. The US is the 3rd most populated nation on the planet - not counting territories and vast control of military global bases. This is what has actually happened over the last 300 years, ever expanding power and concentrated wealth. Not more democracy.

Those in charge see this trajectory as favorable because it provides ever more concentration of power and wealth, leaving most with very little, almost none.

My argument is that this is a function of size. And it was done consciously. Greg Grandin in his The End of The Myth captures this perfectly. US expansion was about controlling the "unwashed masses" through ever westward settlements and wars with the indigenous people. It was calculated and never about a republic or democracy. And this formula has been working over time to the present regardless of party.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 6:09:14 PM

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Reply to Art Costa:   New Content

Both China and India have a larger population than the US. China is authoritarian one-party state and India is at best an illiberal democracy.

The Chinese never had a choice and India inherited the trappings of democracy from the Brits. Both countries have concentrations of wealth and power.

Despite serious shortcomings, the US is a functioning democracy where the "unwashed masses" enjoy some political and economic freedom. This achievement shouldn't be taken for granted. The fact that the US trampled over indigenous people and others to get to this point will remain a blot on its history.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 7:00:18 PM

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Reply to Saad Hafiz:   New Content

None of these are democracies in any meaning way. And scale is a huge reason why.

As I noted the USA is the 3rd largest in population.

I'm not interested in ideologies, but scale, size and the quest for growth. China has always been an authoritarian nation, certainly since Confucius. And India, given its strict caste system is hardly more than a oligarchic rule of a few, added to it a professional class.

The US is a special case of large scale rule. It's been described as an inverted totalitarianism. The two parties represent the power structure who through lobbyists write most of the consequently laws. The party members do vie for power (an example, Mitch McConnell is really "piss#ed" at Trump because he blames Trump for having lost him power (Georgia losses) of running the Senate...that's real to be sure).

But the Princeton study showed that the government does not heed the will of the people but rather that of the moneyed class and corporate powers who have since the New Deal taken over complete control.

Small nations do not have these kinds of problems. No doubt they live in the large world of large hegemonic nations. Cuba is a reflection of the boot of the US on its neck. It has survived but it would have fared better had the US not tried to kill it repeatedly.

So the USA has a different form of totalitarianism, a much more deceptive one, but we should know who's in charge.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 8:09:02 PM

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A most alarming development is that a minority of extremists have resorted to mob violence to overturn the verified results of free and fair elections.

This statement is the canard on which the Oligarchy continues to exploit America and Americans. Even now, the next election is being fashioned to serve the different segments of the Oligarchy. Which one will "win" is hard to know because from the lowly perch of the American Citizen, they all appear the same. What's the difference between George Soros and Sheldon Adelson? One funds Democratic supporters of Israel, the other funds Republican supporters of Israel -- do they work in opposition to one another or as allies. (Yes, the media is full of reports about Israeli opposition to Soros. How different is that from the media reports focused on Trump? Set up a boogie man to hide what is really going on behind the scene.)

Are there any efforts to truly repeal Citizens United? Move to Amend is real but I think End Citizens United is just a front for a bunch of Democratic lobbyists. When was the last bill introduced in Congress to "get money out of politics"? McCain-Feingold.

Did the DNC run an honest presidential nomination in 2016 or 2020? No.

Every election cycle, there are new ways to control who gets elected. And it doesn't have to be a national fraud being committed. That all the votes in Hawaii (for example) are counted "honestly" hardly makes the entire process across the nation "free and fair".

People voted for Trump because Obama screwed them. People voted for Biden because Trump screwed them. People are tired of getting screwed. The ones who should be prosecuted are not those who marched on the capitol on 6 January, but the ones who steal election after election.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 10:23:23 PM

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Reply to John Zwiebel:   New Content

The problems you mention were created by the problem you seem to deplore.

This is one long circular argument.

Hey by the way, did you get your mRNA injection? I hear it can do all kinds of stuff to your cognitive processes.

Submitted on Saturday, Feb 20, 2021 at 10:52:48 PM

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Saad Hafiz

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Reply to John Zwiebel:   New Content

I don't see how the statement is a canard if the whole world saw it happen.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 1:18:22 PM

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Reply to Saad Hafiz:   New Content

"free and fair elections".

The whole world saw the process from beginning to end. That you choose to limit the question to the Biden/Trump election is discouraging.

Let's put it this way, IMHO the only reason Biden won was because he cheated better.

Perhaps you don't recall who William B. Casey is.

Submitted on Monday, Feb 22, 2021 at 5:30:01 AM

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Reply to John Zwiebel:   New Content

There is no evidence to support your claim of election cheating.

Submitted on Monday, Feb 22, 2021 at 9:22:02 AM

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Reply to Saad Hafiz:   New Content

Only if you define "election" narrowly enough that you can ignore the cheating. Iowa and South Carolina come to mind. But I suppose that kind of cheating is "OK".

Submitted on Monday, Feb 22, 2021 at 10:38:05 PM

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Reply to John Zwiebel:   New Content

According to the conservative Heritage Foundation which studied elections going back to 1972: Out of millions of votes cast over several decades, they found 1,296 cases of illegitimate ballots with 1,120 convictions. Pretty good numbers!

In South Carolina, in the 2020 election, 207 cases of suspected fraud were identified and investigated. All turned out to be illegitimate, suspect mostly as the result of clerical error or mistaken data. There was not a single case of fraud.

No data available for Iowa.

Submitted on Monday, Feb 22, 2021 at 11:46:59 PM

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Welcome to OEN.

On this site you will find good members who care.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 4:27:47 AM

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Thank you. Look forward to the interaction.

Submitted on Sunday, Feb 21, 2021 at 1:14:50 PM

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