From Informed Comment
The act of Palestinian activists covering their faces during anti-Israeli occupation rallies is an old practice that spans decades. The masking of the face, often by Kufyias traditional Palestinian scarves that grew to symbolize Palestinian resistance is far from being a fashion statement. Instead, it is a survival technique, without it, activists are likely to be arrested in subsequent nightly raids; at times, even assassinated.
In the past, Israel used basic technologies to identify Palestinians who take part in protests and mobilize the people in various popular activities. TV news footage or newspaper photos were thoroughly deciphered, often with the help of Israel's collaborators in the Occupied Territories, and the "culprits" would be identified, summoned to meet Shin Bet intelligence officers or arrested from their homes.
That old technique was eventually replaced by more advanced technology, countless images transmitted directly through Israeli drones the flagship of Israel's "security industry." Thousands of Palestinians were detained and hundreds were assassinated in recent years as a result of drones data, analyzed through Israel's burgeoning facial recognition software.
If in the past, Palestinian activists were keen on keeping their identity hidden, now they have much more compelling reasons to ensure the complete secrecy of their work. Considering the information sharing between the Israeli army and illegal Jewish settlers and their armed militias in the occupied West Bank, Palestinians face the double threat of being targeted by armed settlers as well as by Israeli soldiers.
True, when it comes to Israel, such a grim reality is hardly surprising. But what is truly disturbing is the direct involvement of international corporate giants, the likes of Microsoft, in facilitating the work of the Israeli military, whose sole aim is to crush any form of dissent among Palestinians.
Microsoft prides itself on being a leader in corporate social responsibility (CSR), emphasizing that "privacy (is) a fundamental human right."
The Washington-State based software giant dedicates much attention, at least on paper, to the subject of human rights. "Microsoft is committed to respecting human rights," Microsoft Global Human Rights Statement asserts. "We do this by harnessing the beneficial power of technology to help realize and sustain human rights everywhere."
In practice, however, Microsoft's words are hardly in line with its action, at least not when its human rights maxims are applied to occupied and besieged Palestinians.
Writing in the American news network NBC News on October 27, Olivia Solon reported on Microsoft funding of the Israeli firm, AnyVision, which uses facial recognition "to secretly watch West Bank Palestinians."
Through its venture capital arm M12, Microsoft has reportedly invested $78 million in the Israeli startup company that "uses facial recognition to surveil Palestinians throughout the West Bank, in spite of the tech giant's public pledge to avoid using the technology if it encroaches on democratic freedoms."
AnyVision had developed an "advanced tactical surveillance" software system, dubbed "Better Tomorrow" that, according to a joint NBC News-Haaretz investigation, "lets customers identify individuals and objects in any live camera feed, such as a security camera or smartphone, and then track targets as they move between different feeds."
As disquieting as "Better Tomorrow's" mission sounds, it takes on a truly sinister objective in Palestine. "According to five sources familiar with the matter," wrote Solon, "AnyVision's technology powers a secret military surveillance project throughout the West Bank."
"One source said the project is nicknamed 'Google Ayosh,' where 'Ayosh' means occupied Palestinian territories and 'Google' denotes the technology's ability to search for people."
Headquartered in Israel, AnyVision has several offices around the world, including the US, the UK, and Singapore. Considering the nature of AnyVision's work, and the intrinsic link between Israel's technology sector and the country's military, it should have been assumed that the company's software is likely used to track down Palestinian dissidents.
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