Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Share on Facebook 15 Share on Twitter Printer Friendly Page More Sharing
Life Arts   

Blacks Deserve Reparations for Slavery

By       (Page 1 of 4 pages)   6 comments
Become a Premium Member Would you like to know how many people have read this article? Or how reputable the author is? Simply sign up for a Advocate premium membership and you'll automatically see this data on every article. Plus a lot more, too.
Author 39976
Follow Me on Twitter     Message Chantal Laurent
Become a Fan
  (11 fans)

Africans auctioned off like property

(Image by Unknown Owner)   Details   DMCA

Slave Auction Poster 1769: "To be sold, a cargo of ninety-for prime, healthy negroes, consisting of thirty-nine men, fifteen boys, twenty-four women and sixteen girls. Just arrived... from Sierra-Leon."

Racial discrimination in America did not end with slavery. Racism is institutionalized and multi-layered. Contributions by the enslaved Africans to the building of America may have begun with the farm skills of the enslaved, but another contribution that is virtually unknown is that blacks were part of the original contingent of cow herders/cowboys who shaped the west.

"No less than twenty-five percent of all cowhands were Black. In fact, the label "cowboy" is thought to have originally been a derogatory term used to describe Black "cowhands". As the word "cowboy" has grown immeasurably in popularity, the Black cowboys the term described have been stricken from the record with extreme prejudice."

Blacks forced out of the sport of horseracing

Although sports participation by blacks is more egalatarian nowadays-sports was one of many arenas where blacks were excluded and discriminated against. One striking example of exclusion and racism that consequently still exists today--is the exclusion of blacks from the sport of horse-racing. When horse-racing was America's first national sport-black jockeys dominated. Arthur Ashe wrote about this in his book ''A Hard Road to Glory: A History of the African- American Athlete.'' It's an unfortunate fact that Blacks were forced out of horseracing because of the color of their skin.

"For 120 years, white America has gone to extraordinary lengths to discredit and discourage black participation in sports because black athletes have been so accomplished. The saddest case is that of the black jockeys. When the first Kentucky Derby was run in 1875, 15 thoroughbreds were entered and 14 of their riders were black. Black domination of horse racing then was analogous to the domination of the National Basketball Association today. Subsequently, the Jockey Club was formed in the early 1890's to regulate and license all jockeys. Then one by one the blacks were denied their license renewals. By 1911 they had all but disappeared."

After slavery ends, Black inventors enjoy a renaissance

This country also owes much to a multitude of black inventors whose inventions and contributions have spawned many industries--from Lewis Latimer to Garrett Morgan.

Lewis Latimer came up with the substance used in the filament of Edison's successful version of the Incandescent Light Bulb. Latimer's carbon filter made the light bulb stay lit a lot longer. Edison's original filament of bamboo, burned out after only 30 hours. Latimer patented his invention in 1882. Latimer also co-authored the first text book on electricity published in 1890 called, "Incandescent Electric Lighting: A Practical Description of the Edison System." He was the son of George and Rebecca Latimer, escaped slaves from Virginia.

Garrett Morgan, who was also the son of a former slave, invented the
traffic light. Morgan received his United States patent on November 20, 1923 and he also patented his invention in Great Britain and Canada.

Next Page  1  |  2  |  3  |  4

(Note: You can view every article as one long page if you sign up as an Advocate Member, or higher).


Funny 1   Interesting 1  
Rate It | View Ratings

Chantal Laurent Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Chantal Laurent is a Haitian-American who blogs about Haiti, socio-economic, environmental and political issues at thehaitianblogger
Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Follow Me on Twitter     Writers Guidelines
Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEdNews Newsletter
   (Opens new browser window)

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

Dark Controversy Surrounds Miss Haiti 2010 Sarodj Bertin

Sacred Avatar "Hometree" is the Mapou Tree in Haitian Vodun

Oil Developers want the Island of La Gonave: Is Haiti For Sale?

Blacks Deserve Reparations for Slavery

Aristide Haiti Return- Clinton, Bush & Obama of One Mindset

Momment of Zen: Palin "Going Rouge"

To View Comments or Join the Conversation: