Duluth, Minnesota (OpEdNews) June 16, 2012: For me, reading Anthony de Mello's new book REDISCOVERING LIFE: AWAKEN TO REALITY (2012) was like listening to an old friend once again.
When I was in the Jesuits, I had the opportunity to listen to Anthony de Mello, S.J. (1931-1987), from India preach a retreat to a group of Jesuits in Denver from June 19 to July 10, 1980. Drawing on my notes from Tony's 1980 retreat in Denver, I discuss his thought frequently in my book WALTER ONG'S CONTRIBUTIONS TO CULTURAL STUDIES: THE PHENOMENOLOGY OF THE WORD AND I-THOU COMMUNICATION (2000), the revised edition of which is scheduled to be published in 2012.
Tony's new book is the transcript of the 1984 preached retreat that he gave via satellite. For the 1984 preached retreat, Tony was in India speaking via satellite to people at Fordham University in New York City. The new book also includes the question-and-answer periods, which enabled Tony to clarify his thought for his audience.
Certain themes in this new book by Tony are familiar to me from his 1980 retreat in Denver. As a result, I'd like to offer my reflections here by way of adding nuance to a certain point he discusses.
It strikes me that Tony is basically discussing the kingdom of God (also known as the reign of God that the historical Jesus proclaimed, except that Tony does not refer explicitly to the kingdom of God or the reign of God. Instead, he speaks of being happy. The good news is that we can be happy.
However, he thinks that we excel at making ourselves unhappy. He writes, for example, about our having "desires so intense that we would refuse to be happy unless they were fulfilled" (page 44). Sound familiar?
Our desires lead us to form attachments. But our desires also lead us to false beliefs -- the beliefs that without the desired attachment, we cannot be happy. In this way, we make ourselves unhappy. As a result of being unhappy, we are filled with sorrow. "Where there is sorrow, there is no love," he says (page 43). The root of sorrow is desire/attachment. In addition, attachment brings anxiety.
So he recommends nonattachment as the corrective antidote. In this way, our being happy does not depend on our attachment. He suggests that nonattachment enables us to be happy and to be open to love. The happy person "know[s] no anxiety at all" and has "no inner conflict at all" (page 33).