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OpEdNews Op Eds    H2'ed 6/15/19

Supreme Court Ruling on Census Could Deal Grave Blow to Democracy

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From Truthout

SCOTUS and The Voting Rights Act
SCOTUS and The Voting Rights Act
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The Supreme Court is poised to decide two cases that could prove devastating to the right to vote -- the very foundation of a democracy. One case will review the Trump administration's attempt to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census. The other will consider whether partisan gerrymandering is constitutional. They are related because the citizenship question would "allow Republicans to draft even more extreme gerrymandered maps to stymie Democrats," the New York Times reported.

"It's hard to overstate the significance of the census and partisan gerrymandering cases," according to Professor Leah Litman of UC Irvine School of Law, interviewed in the Los Angeles Times. "Upholding the addition of the citizenship question and foregoing any judicial oversight of partisan gerrymandering would allow Republican minorities to entrench their political power for decades."

Moreover, Thomas Hofeller, a GOP strategist and architect of the citizenship question plan, was known as the "Michelangelo of gerrymandering." Hofeller's expertise in drawing partisan political maps "cemented the [Republican] party's dominance across the country," Michael Wines wrote in the New York Times.

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The census is used to determine the number of representatives each state will have in the House, how electors are distributed in the electoral college, and how $880 billion in federal funds will be allocated between the states.

The Census Citizenship Question

In December 2017, the Department of Justice (DOJ) wrote a letter to the Commerce Department, requesting that it add a citizenship question to the questionnaire for the 2020 Census. But Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross had already decided to add the question and he orchestrated the letter to make it look like he was responding to a DOJ request.

Ross testified before Congress last March that the purpose of the addition was to obtain "complete and accurate information for use in determining citizen age voting populations to enforce the Voting Rights Act." Rep. Elijah Cummings, chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, pointed out the hypocrisy of Ross's claimed rationale, saying the Trump administration has done "everything in its power to suppress the vote."

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A coalition of states, counties and cities are claiming in Department of Commerce v. New York that the addition of the question is unconstitutional. They assert it would cause a significant under-count because people in households with undocumented individuals would be deterred from responding.

Indeed, the Census Department estimated that 6.5 million people could remain uncounted if the citizenship question were added.

In January, a federal district court in New York blocked the government from adding the citizenship question. The district court found that Ross's decision was arbitrary and capricious, calling his Voting Rights Act (VRA) rationale a "pretext" for a motive other than VRA enforcement. But the court said that the plaintiffs hadn't demonstrated that the purpose of the question was to discriminate against Latinos and other immigrant communities of color, which is required for a violation of the equal protection component of the Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause.

The Fourteenth Amendment says, "Representatives shall be apportioned among the several states according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each state, excluding Indians not taxed." The amendment does not limit the count to citizens.

During oral arguments in the Supreme Court in April, the conservative justices seemed inclined to uphold the citizenship question. But on May 30, the Court was presented with newly discovered evidence of a cover-up of the illegal racist motive for adding the citizenship question. After Hofeller died in 2018, his daughter found documents showing that he urged inclusion of the question to "be a disadvantage to the Democrats" and "advantageous to Republicans and Non-Hispanic Whites" in redistricting.

Accordingly, on June 13, the coalition plaintiffs asked the Supreme Court to delay ruling in the case. Dale Ho, director of the ACLU's Voting Rights Project, who represents the plaintiffs, said, "The significance of this case cannot be overstated. The census happens once a decade and there is no chance for a do-over." He added, "The Supreme Court should not permit the Trump administration to add a citizenship question to the census based on an incomplete and misleading record."

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Meanwhile, the House Oversight and Reform Committee recommended to the full House of Representatives that Ross and Attorney General William Barr be held in contempt of Congress for refusing to provide testimony and documents relating to the census question. A few hours before the committee vote, Donald Trump retaliated by asserting executive privilege to block the subpoenaed material.

The Partisan Gerrymandering Cases

Gerrymandering is "the intentional manipulation of district boundaries to discriminate against a group of voters on the basis of their political views or race."

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Marjorie Cohn is professor emerita at Thomas Jefferson School of Law, former president of the National Lawyers Guild, deputy secretary general of the International Association of Democratic Lawyers, and a member of the National Advisory Board of Veterans for Peace. Her most recent book is Drones and Targeted Killing: Legal, Moral, and Geopolitical Issues. See  (more...)
 

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Paul from Potomac

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Has anyone noticed that the League of Women Voters has not been involved in elections since before Citizen's United? What happened to free and fair elections overseen by neutral observers? After Ross Perot the two corporate parties decided that only candidates from the two corporate parties would be allowed on the debate stage. The League would not participate in the manipulation. No election since '92 has been fair and verifiable; beginning with Clinton and his entourage of thieves and criminals in politics. Both parties are infested with scum. Electronic voting machines and gerrymandering have rendered our elections a sham. SCOTUS became a figurehead for an end to Democracy in America.

Submitted on Sunday, Jun 16, 2019 at 3:17:37 PM

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nelswight

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Reply to Paul from Potomac:   New Content

MAINE League is now becoming very active.

Submitted on Sunday, Jun 16, 2019 at 11:03:32 PM

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911TRUTH

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Adding the citizenship question on the Census questionnaire is an obvious attempt to reduce funding to non-white areas.

I worked the mid-decade Census in 2015 in west Phoenix, AZ which is a highly Hispanic area. I was very surprised when some people would tell me up front that they were not citizens because they thought the Census was only for U.S. citizens. They were apprehensive in giving me their information because of that. Only when I assured them that the Census had nothing to do with citizenship did they feel comfortable enough to comply.

Adding this question will skew the Census results badly, IMHO.

Submitted on Sunday, Jun 16, 2019 at 5:02:16 PM

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Old Codger

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We need the question if for no other reason than to get an accurate count of the number of illegals in the country. Without an accurate count - or as accurate as possible - the illegals are basically cutting their own throats. Of course, an accurate count can also work against the illegals as well as for them. One thing that liberals and supporters of illegal migration need to come to terms with is that every dollar of government funding that is going to the illegals, that is one dollar less that can be used for the non-illegal (legal) segment of the population. When the Democrats talk about free health care for all, for example, an accurate count of people who would be in line for that is necessary. If it is to be provided to illegals, then we the taxpayers have a right to know that number so that a fully informed vote can be cast one way or the other. I for one want to know exactly how many illegals are in the country. Or, an accurate count as possible. Americans can no longer afford to bury their heads in the sand on the issue of illegals.

Submitted on Monday, Jun 17, 2019 at 1:59:45 PM

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b. sadie bailey

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Reply to Old Codger:   New Content

your "argument" is b.s.

Submitted on Monday, Jun 17, 2019 at 5:44:18 PM

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