If the article http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=ay5LDbjbjy6c by Martin Braun and William Selway published by Bloomberg is a valid indication, no American citizen is safe from intentional government-sanctioned financial destruction.
Everyone should assume all major investment banks are intentional players in sophisticated scams that epitomize American-style predatory capitalism, and that smaller local banks have been fleeced. Logic dictates smaller banks have been successfully targeted for infestation with financial weapons of mass destruction early on. They present plumper pickings as compared to leaner small school districts in poor communities in Pennsylvania.
Logic also dictates that credit unions, 401K plans, corporate pension plans and even money-market funds all have been infested and are at risk of major loss of value.
Bluntly, no one is safe from America's government-sanctioned financial terrorists.
Derivatives have been glowingly hailed as an improvement to the financial markets as a way to "reduce risk". As Alan Greenspan, then Chairman of the Federal Reserve explained in a 1998 speech to the Securities Industries Association:
"All the new financial products... financial derivatives being in the forefront... contribute economic value by unbundling risks and reallocating them in a highly calibrated manner."
Meaning savvy sharks and predators could greedily keep the opportunities for gain to themselves while "unbundling" the contra-party risks of loss by foisting them onto unsuspecting citizens who strive diligently to improve their communities but lack specialized financial acumen found only on Wall Street.
The Sickening Case of Erie, Pennsylvania.
Erie, Pennsylvania is a 100,000-population city with a long-decimated manufacturing base and a population that's declined by 30 percent since 1970. Widespread poverty is starkly reflected by a single statistic: About 76 percent of school students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunches.
In 2001 the Erie school system prepared to make urgently need repairs to deteriorating buildings, including Roosevelt Middle School. The school board issued $38.7 million in bonds that were locked into a fixed interest rate for the next 10 years.
By 2003, the Erie school system desperately needed money for operating costs and purchase of new textbooks. The school board determined residents couldn't afford a tax increase.
Within a few days of enactment of a new state law, JPMorgan Chase and Co. "came to Erie's rescue". In September 2003 the school board was told all they had to do was "sign some papers" and they would benefit at some time in the future, if interest rates increased.
The board "signed some papers" and was paid $785,000. The board wasn't told the obligation they sold for $785,000 was actually worth about $2 million, or that JPMorgan Chase's profit on the deal would be over $1 million.
Perversely, interest rates declined. In July 2006 the already cash-strapped Erie school board paid $2.9 million to JPMorgan Chase to get out of the deal.