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Professor Emeritus Peter Bagnolo
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There is a theory, and right now, it is only a theory, that may become an accepted reality. However, probably only if some energetic Justice Department lawyer decides it is worth his time. However, aside from chasing environmentalists and ATETA violators, fascists have enough to do trying to entice American boys, girls, men and women, into fighting, dying and being maimed for life, protecting oil pirates. Yes, so that a handful of publicly traded companies and an even smaller number of billionaire executives can get even richer. In a world where those who chose to place wealth above al else, there is little solace for the faithful. God has been replaced by cash, not Johnny, but cold, hard, dollars. Almost anyone would rather be rich than holy, even many in the clergy. Woody Allen tells a story on his spiritual adviser, a rabbi, who talked him out of a $50,000 payment to become a shill in commercials for a Vodka company, "it is illegal, immoral, etc. for you to do a commercial for something you do not use..." Later Allen sees a beach ad with a scantily clad beauty sitting next to a fellow hoisting aloft a glass of the same Vodka, his Rabbi. It may have been a joke, but it has an air of truth about it. The New Order National Legacy? Wealth is King, God, flag and sex is next, (but secretly the God, in that Legacy is a lie). Wealth is everything. In reality to most Democrats, and secretly, most Neo-cons, God is dead or a fantasy. They have to doublethink that, or admit they are going to Hell. Piety, by not self-righteous, fatuous, sanctimonious, hypocritical, hugely, proudly, worn and prominently displayed, Phylacteries, of Pecksniffian, idolaters of the self, but those whose luster of great goodness, is natural and empathetic, whose concern and love for the downtrodden of humankind, is genuine. Slim bodied, upturned, champagne glassed, perky breasted, skimpily clad, blonde desirables, well muscled, super athletes, all making more in one year than most of us in a lifetime. Sleeping with one or all of them is the desire of their lusting fans. Everything is entertainment, including outcome manipulated professional sports, where the owners/field officials/media, are in on the fraud, but the players/managers/fans, which the former hold the latter in contempt, are not. Movies, which display cleavage of breast and duff, and linger on thigh, and soft-core sexual titillation, replace authentic, flesh-based sexuality, and heroes winning games pre-programmed for dramatic conclusions are milder conspiracies, swallowed hook, line and heavy lead-weight, by dithering fans dying to believe in something Tangible. However, the dull-witted, the unthinking and the couch adhered, glorify, now able to orgasm with world class, beauties, without leaving the comfort of their Tivos, where nearby is drink, towel and KY Jelly. Like all things of little spiritual merit, heroes begin to make too much mammon for the fans to stomach, envy sets in and the heroes become despised, and that envy replaces idolatry and fans believe the lies of media and reality fades into blame. Nations attack and destroy another nation and its people and blame the victims for the occupation. Media gurus, blame steroids for record setting home runs, steroids cannot, cause and ignore what they cover up, corruption of a game and those who watch it. At any rate, for added entertainment value, this summer, watch baseball very closely on TV or in person. Particularly watch ball and strike calls. Watch close plays and some that are not so close. Watch key hitters and key pitchers. Watch assiduously and diligently. Watch, also the good looking females with halters and short-shorts, in the crowd, too. They are all there to be seen and to deter your thinking too much about reality. Watch with an open mind, perhaps if you are a fan of a particular team playing an away game, this will be the time to have pad and pencil available and perhaps Pepto-Bismol, if you are eating chili-dogs and beer. If so, bring a photo-phone, or a pad, writing and drawing paper, to make detailed notes, (and perhaps drawings or photos of the girls wearing those halters and short-shorts, as we have) and mark down also all the bad calls and then figure the percentage that go to the home team. Season long; we got a ratio of 5.6:2.56 (or about 69%) favoring home team. Watch because you may learn a dirty little secret or two about "Professional Baseball", which few, if any, field managers or players are aware, though they may suspect it from time-to-time, especially when the owners send the trainers boxes of "NEWSPORTS RUB with a New Secret Ingredient that will make the players feel Swell!"

Mechanics of The Fix!

If you are going to fix something, the fewer people in on the "Fix" the less chance of being caught-the umpires are more than enough and even they probably are not clear on what they are being asked to do, because the way it was allegedly put to them, it seemed to make sense. A lot of generals who once served in Iraq, lately probably are feeling the same way about what they were asked to do, and they probably didn't know what exactly is going on either. I'm not even sure the president knows, but I am relatively certain his understudy does. If I had such an understudy, I'd be damned sure that all the Secret Servicemen are on my side, and that I hire someone like Condi Rice or Anne Coulter as my food and drink taster...on second thought, maybe the pope, or Pat Robertson, instead. In sports, like other industries things change because technologies change and one or more people discover a means of undoing and exploiting weaknesses in a system. Look at the years leading up to 1930 in Major League Baseball. They juiced the ball in 1930 because they saw that higher scores brought more fans into the parks. Every halfway decent player had an incredible season. It became an erratic but recognized path for owners to juice the balls from time to time. After Black Pitcher Bob Gibson's 1.12 ERA year almost 50 years ago, they dropped the pitcher's mound height from 18" to 10," where it still is, further enhancing the batter's advantages. Next, they will probably move the mound back a few feet. Until Babe Ruth, a man scientifically tested to have superhuman reflexes and eye-hand coordination as well as incredible vision, figured out something about a thrown baseball, akin to Einstein's discovery of Relativity, the average number of home runs it took to lead the league was between 7.5 to 9.5 per season. Ruth's 59 home runs in 1921 were six to seven times higher than the average. When Ruth hit 54 homeruns in 1920 in 458 at bats and a batting average of .376 and a slugging average of .847 (87 year record), .532 OBA, and followed that up in 1921 with 54 home runs, 177 runs scored (all-time record), a .378 batting average, 457 Total bases (all time record), .846 Slugging average and .512 OBA, 170 BOB (85 year record) he hit more home runs in each of those two seasons than 14 of the entire 16 major league teams did! Only two entire teams in 1920 hit more than his 54 home runs, and only two entire teams in 1921 year hit more than his 59 total in that season! To match that feat today a player would have to hit about 285 home runs in one season Ruth discovered that if you swing slightly upward, hitting just below the midpoint of the baseball, hitting the bottom half, the ball would traverse a long upward trajectory. Trouble with his discovery of hitting upward just below the middle of the baseball is, that you must be gifted with an array of skills to do that: 20/10 or better vision, superhuman reflexes, incredible eye-hand coordination, and you must have them, ALL, not just one of two of them. Even hitting a baseball thrown at 100 MPH at all, is a task for the most gifted players. Recall, also, that Ruth got a late start as a slugger; from 1914-1919, he was one of the best left-hand pitchers in baseball, going 94-48 with a 2.34 ERA. Add six to seven years to that total of 714, at his average, projecting, his start as a hitter to 1914, using a similar projection system for those first six years we have a faster acceleration 4 Hrs 1914, 11, 1915, 29, 1916, 49 1917, 55, 1918, 58 1919-adding 158 more or a total of 872 lifetime. For a translation, superimposition into 1980s-2007 numbers with the new Super Baseball, see chart at end of article. But how would Ruth hit in the 21st Century? I projected a computer program of what Ruth would do if he played today. His numbers improved by more 20%. Ruth hit 714 Home Runs and batted .341 over 21 years of Major League Baseball, more than five/six of which he was a pitcher, one of the best in the game. He would have hit, had he started in 1986, as a hitter, and retired after 21 years, this year he would have, as he did in 1920, blown away the competition.

When you consider the figures I supply keep in mind, superhuman Ruth, one of a kind. To do what he did in the 1920 and 1921, a player today would have to hit hundreds of home runs in each season.

Also consider stolen bases, for a moment. Recall that for thirty years, between 1930 and 1960 only three players stole as many as 50-61 bases in both leagues and in the national league 37 was the most bases a player had stolen in a single season for 30 years. In 1962 Maury Wills stole 104 bases breaking Ty Cobb's record of 96 made in 1915, In the next several decades 100 or more bases was stolen in a season 8 times, with Rickey Henderson setting the modern record at 130 bases in 1982 and setting the lifetime record at 1450, 50% more than the old record of 892 by Ty Cobb. There were no drugs involved in that, just a breakthrough on techniques and tactics. The alleged smoke screen is drugs, the scapegoats are players which the powers in charge, aided by an anti-minority National Administration-the people who gave us the destruction of our Constitution and Bill of Rights and a bogus war, may well be accessories before and after the fact, helping to hide a massive fraud. Mounds lowered by eleven inches, balls so lively my grandmother can hit them out of the park, expansions spreading a rare talent too thin, making truly talented pitchers rarer than a perfect yellow or blue diamond, and umpires squeezing the plate for some pitchers and expanding it for others, only, one might think, a fool could miss the reality. 3)-Thinly stretched pitching staffs, strained by the expansion of s from 16 teams to 30 teams, and then lowering of the mounds from 18 inches to 15 inches and finally to the 10-inch height, hitters currently enjoy, would give hitters several legs up on pitchers. It did and the percentage of sore armed pitchers straining to get men out, burgeoned along with homerun totals. Can you even imagine what Babe Ruth, Jimmy Foxx, Lou Gehrig, Ted Williams, Joe DiMaggio and Ralph Kiner, would do with a pitcher throwing off a 10-inch mound, with a souped-up baseball, and umpires squeezing the strike zone? The mounds were lowered when Bob Gibson (a black pitcher) had an unprecedented year (1961 when everyone was hitting homeruns with the frequency of singles) of 13 shutouts on his way to a 1.12 ERA. Great pitching and 1-0 scores do not bring in the crowds. High scores, lots of home runs... and of course, Janette Jackson, do, so they lowered the mound to almost half its previous height. Goodbye low ERA's! I called 1961, The Dave Cash Phenomenon, Season. What about the contention that steroid intake allowed players to break records? Really? Ken Caminiti said at least 55% of the players used steroids (most of which were NOT illegal). Jose Canseco said 85% of players used them. Well, there were many mediocre players who had convincingly mediocre years after taking steroids, so why didn't THEY all hit 73 home runs in one season and 756 lifetime? Because Steroids don't help anyone in baseball do anything but pick up girls in bars who like muscular men, in fact at the end of this article you will see evidence that steroids in a game like baseball are a hindrance to good performance. One thing is clear, only a fool or a blind man would have trouble understanding the simplicity of new strike zone. It is simple, like poetry, and a politician's speech, the strike zone was open to each individual umpire's interpretation. No longer. Here is a guide to the new strike zone: If the home team is up, the strike zone is from the top of his belt to the bottom of his belt, and half as wide. When the visiting team is up, the strike zone is from the ankles to a foot above the bill of their caps, and from one foot behind them to the dugout. Now back to the physical aspects of long ball hitting. The surge of long ball hitting has more to do with mechanics of the game like ball/strike calls (and several other factors). Contrary to speculation, by blabber-mouthed, sport, talk-show hosts, steroids and bulging, fat muscles, do not improve the skills for consistently hitting 100 MPH sliders and fastballs, either consistently or far. The skills needed are: Extremely fine vision, like 20/10 or 20/05, superhuman reflexes, and superlative eye/hand (SEHC) coordination, not weight or bulked-up muscles. Bulking up on steroids actually slows neuro-muscular reaction time and makes swings herky/jerky, plodding and inaccurate. Steroids can make a person stronger, and even make them bray like a donkey, and constantly bump into water coolers, but cannot improve bat speed, vision, or the other requisites, and they, most certainly, cannot help a person hit major league pitching any better or with more frequency, nor can they help a pitcher place his pitches on demand, on the spot more often and with better "stuff." In fact, bat speed is, now watch and read this very carefully, steroids encumber (slow down) reflexes as the enable muscle blobbing. Thickly muscled arms and bodies are s l o w e r, than long, smooth muscles. Reaction time is s l o w e r, in brains to muscles, and unleashing lightening fast eye-hand coordination, which together with 20/10 or better vision, not bulk, makes a great hitter. Bulk and steroids, interfere with eye-hand coordination, slow the wit and reaction time for coordinated pinpoint direction of a bat at great bat speed. In short, Sammy Sosa, Barry Bonds, and Mark McGuire, if they did use steroids, did not break records because of steroids, but in spite of them. Of course, sycophantic physicians and pharmacists who sing for their pay will sing in opposition to truth every time. So when you see them contradicting what I just said, give them the appropriate finger However, a livelier baseball can cause a hitter to increase his home run frequency about 68%, from one homerun each 21+ at bats to 1 every 6.5 at bats- (Barry Bonds in his 73 home run year). However, if that lively ball hits a player in the head, he most certainly, then may begin to bray like a donkey anyway, and maybe even dress like one, but with a sillier, permanent, toothy grin on his face. However, no one ever complained about the fact that every single player who ever appeared on a Wheaties cereal box led his league in hitting or pitching, so why aren't Wheaties on the banned list? (Although my cousin ate Wheaties every day for six months, and hit only his shoe size that year, but on the bright side, he never was constipated.) Bonds intake of Bovine Growth Formula (if that isn't also a fiction), makes him equal to the rest of us (In Bovine Growth Formula intake, at least). As I said earlier, here are Bovine Growth drugs in all beef and most other non-organic meats, placed there by cattle growers with no objection from the government, and in our water supplies as well. If the Bonds ever have another child and it appears mooing then we will know he is guilty, but until then, he is innocent in the eyes of the law, and he is probably innocent anyway. Anyway, I like Barry Bonds; he knows how to handle the press. A friend who tried steroids and was arrested recently for dressing like an Ocelot and trying to sell celery to a wooden, Tobacco store, Indian, upon St. Crispin's Day. Thus, the sharp increase in power numbers is due far more to the liveliness of the SuperBall-baseball, the increase in teams in the leagues, thus dilution of available pitching talent, and the lowering of pitching mounds and perhaps to an extra bowl of Wheaties every day, at least it will keep one regular. Keep one thing in mind; hundreds of professional and amateur baseball players were implicated in the use of steroids, why didn't they break records? Keep firmly in mind that I am a physical anthropologist, and I dated a bevy of super models, so I know quite a bit about the human body and how it reacts to certain chemicals and certain girls, too. The idea that ties go to the runner, may have been the seed for the owners allegedly instructing the chief umpires that ties go to the home team on close calls, and then later amending that to say, as soon as a weakness is spotted in the visiting team, exploit it to the home team's advantage unless we say otherwise, or that failing, start spiking the water cooler and pumpkin seeds supplies of the visitors with Prozac and their towels with Chloroform.

What About The Girls?

If they really want to increase ticket sales, why don't they ask, Jennifer Alba, Monica Bellucci, and Carmine Electra to create a new league of Supermodel/Actresses, true all-star team to play each week-end, I would go. In Italy every year thet have Topless Super models do a Charity Benefit Soccer Game in which they run amok jiggling and bouncing to the joy of 120,000,000 male and female fans and they raise a huge amount of money for charity. The drugs, as I mentioned above, were not all illegal, the one they are trying to hang on Barry Bonds, Bovine Growth Formula, is eaten every day by tens of millions of American, men, women and children, because it is fed to every non-organically raised food chain animal and therefore consumed by everyone who is not a vegetarian in America and I hear it has leeched into our water supply. Therefore, if it carries a criminal use charge, I hope they have enough prisons for 300,00,000 Americans and millions of fresh water fish. If they think steroids help hit baseballs, maybe they should recruit some of those fish.What are the dirty little secrets?Well, one of them may be that there are at least two drugs, which are far more widely used by athletes and non-athletes alike, pales that of steroids, they would be Viagra and Cialis.

Dirty Little Corporate Secrets?

However, there are allegedly at least two other secrets. Of course, the one mentioned above, about games outcomes being manipulated and the baseballs taking super bounce reactions. The game being manipulated are: Regular seasons games, League Championship Games, World Series Games and even some games in the school yard of PS-537 on 53rd and Broadway. Speaking of games outcome manipulation, several times last season, a person who claimed to be the Commissioner of baseball gained access to the scoreboards and was seen lurking about the scoreboards all day, with collar up, hat pulled down, Groucho Marx glasses, nose and moustache in place; and every now and then he would tiptoe out, change the scores on the score board and dart away giggling, with the numbers he switched for, under his coat. That was his simplistic way of manipulating game's outcomes, but some say he steals the numbers, because he likes to flash them at the hotdog vendor before he leaves the ballparks. To this day, no one knows who he really is. Maybe he is Jose' Canseco? From the evidence I saw, noting ball/strike calls and other critical umpire and league decisions, I wondered who I trusted less, The president of my country, the umpires, or the President of the Board of Directors of the bank in my neighborhood, a guy named Vito The Widow Maker, and his VP, who is his cousin, Daryl, the Donut Dunker. A fellow I know bet a bundle that the Cubs and the Dakota Buffaloes are going to meet in the World Series in 2007. Of course, when he heard America was attacking Iraq, he also bought Iraqi War Bonds and shorted EXXON OIL at $10.00 a barrel. He has now, between bankruptcy court appearances and his psychiatrist's office visits, become an affirmed Harri Krishna advocate and can often be seen at airports selling tickets to the Republic National Convention in 2008 to be held at Dachau and Auschwitz. For a period in the mid-to late 1990's, it was Sosa and McGuire capturing the attention of America, and pumping gate receipts. Now, I think, it is time for Janet Jackson to be the center of attraction. I thought I was the only person who missed the expose', because I blinked, but honestly I would rather see 1 million naked breasts, than GW Bush's or Dick Cheney's face on TV. I far prefer lust to smirking, hubristic, murderous, Avarice anytime. In the explanation of alleged games outcome manipulation, one must first look to the umpires who consistently make incredibly bad calls and ask, why? Perhaps their dentures are loose or their wives are going through Mid-life crisis? When a man goes through mid-life crisis, he buys a red sport car and dates college cheerleaders, when his wife isn't looking. When a woman goes through mid-life crisis, she discovers her husband's indiscretions and opens fire on him at the dinner table, when he isn't looking. If incompetence is/was the problem with the umpires, here are four tried and true methods of controlling or eliminating it. The first is retraining, or that failing; suspension or firing of the offending umpires. The third is letting those umpires eat dinner with your wife if she is packing her six-shooter. However, the last is giving the umpires better Vision care benefits packages, so they can buy thicker glasses. However, perhaps the league executives could trade thicker heads for thicker glasses also? Why games manipulation, you might ask? To keep the home team fans coming back to the games. The TV cable crowd is addicted to successful conclusions to everything that must be why some of them are still supporting the Iraqi war. I hear that those who still support the Iraqi war and the "Surge Policy" are the same people who bought ENRON stock at $90.00 per share and whose parents bought Japanese War Bonds in 1944. There is nothing as effective as a winning record at home and that is what brings fans back to the ballpark time after time. However, if the team is on a losing streak, for attendance sake, I highly recommend having a MEN's NIGHT at the ballpark with Jessica Simpson as the main attraction. Baseball, home versus away games, wins and losses percentages may be shifting strongly to favor the home team, no matter how bad they are. However, often, if this theory is correct, perhaps misinforming the umpires as to just who the home team IS might be helpful. For instance, just before a game in St. Louis between St. Louis and Chicago, Cubs executive could tiptoe into the umpire's locker room and casually let it slip that the entire Cubs and Cardinals teams have been traded to each other, so that starting tonight, Chicago is the St. Louis Cubs. Then we'll see who gets the calls! After all, the Chicago Cardinals football team moved to Missouri and became the St. Louis Cardinals a score of years ago. Monstrous Reasons to seek out ScapeGoats

There may be another monstrous reason why the league is looking for scapegoats to deflect the five-second attention span of most sports fanatics. The racists want a pliable Great White Hope to break Aaron's record, or at least an Uncle Tom, not the likes of Bonds or Sosa, two guys who will speak-out, so they are thinking of nominating another minority player, Winnie The Pooh (who would Break the Bear Barrier, in baseball, as the first bear to play pro baseball!), and the first to chosen Most Valuable Player this year. Well, Racism has to stop somewhere, no? However, above it all, the major reasons for the sharp increase in long-ball hits, were several: 1)- First, the balls were made a little differently to encourage long ball hitting. Instead of making the balls round, they made them long, like bananas. This proved to be a conceptual mistake, typical of Neo-con thinking. 2)-The owners were betting that if they had the balls juiced they could offset a player's strike, because if the players were embroiled in a race for home run and RBI records, as in 1991 and 1994, players would opt for immortality and therefore play rather than strike. The owners were wrong; the players went on strike anyway. With baseball, losing credibility the owners opted not only to keep the balls juiced, but also to juice them even more. Sounds a lot like the "Surge" mentality of the Bushites. No, wonder the owner's refuses to use an electronic strike zone to call pitches. Doing that would remove game outcome control from their control. The lameness of the excuse, "we don't want to remove the 'human element," is ludicrous. Do they keep the human element by counting the gate and the profits on their fingers and toes, or do they use computers? On the other hand, when one of the owners, spends a weekend with his Latex skinned and stuffed, Candy Girl, Electronic full-sized sex doll, why doesn't he use a real human? Meanwhile, people blame the umpires, who never are fired for incompetence-they, cannot be fired or the fired umpires might expose the "Home-team wins" concept. They are accessories before and after the fact, beside the fact and perhaps, at times, even under it. Besides, they might not even be aware of what they are doing, aren't they, like Hitler's and Bush's sycophants, just carrying out orders, and besides, in America, who cares? Is, then, the emphasis upon attacking the players for steroid use, a smoke screen hiding the real (alleged) fraud and the need for an asterisk covering the following periods: 1930, 1951, 1961, 1987, 1991, 1994-2006, all of which were tied to sinking or growing revenues? That fraud was that the owners were paying big bucks to drug the opposing team's Mascots, to walk and quack like a Penguin, thus hoping to confuse and distract the opposing players, however, they were stunned to find that all of the other teams Mascots were penguins, to begin with. Over the last 45-years, there was increasing power numbers and reduced pitching mound height. This season, they are going to try reducing power numbers and increasing mound height, to at least five feet. This should allow complete, pitcher domination. It would also pose barriers to line drives through the box, which often hit and injure pitchers, but may also cause difficulty in pitchers fielding bunts. I think they would often trip running down the hill. Now that the owners are aware of the mortality of the game because of several strikes, sagging revenue, burgeoning salaries, and other competing sports, they have a new idea! They have a plan to end strikes and high salaries by training Seals, Walruses and Gnu's to play baseball. Of course, this will not necessarily stifle sagging revenues, but it may stifle sagging Designated Hitter's bellies. They plan to deal with competing sports by hiring the Mafia to do what they did in the twenties to opposing breweries, which was offering coupons for one free beer with every one a person buys, and then tricking the buyer into drinking effervescent iced tea which looks like beer, but is much cheaper, instead of the free and more costly, beer. That has, however, in tests, backfired because the buyers liked effervescent iced tea so much they began to order the cheaper and better tasting drink, which did not leave the bitter after taste or cause non-stop peeing. Neo-Con businesses often bring surreptitious corruption to whatever they undertake-witness the Bhopal disaster, the entirety of the War in Iraq and the lies told to get us into it, the No-Bid contract corruption in Iraq, the oil prices in America at $3.00+ a gallon while in Iraq before the war prices were $00.05 a gallon (5 cents a gallon) and right now in Venezuela is 12 cents a gallon, Iraq, and gas per gallon can be had in Iran and Syria, for the price of a Chocolate Bar in the USA. Now the Neo-cons and the fornicating TV evangelists are sweating and wracking their brains trying to figure out, how the Liberals, always get better looking, blond mistresses with bodies that send even Eunuchs into fits of carnal desire. In professional baseball, like all other avarice-based ventures, the employees always carry the burden of the blame, and most of the heavier boxes when moving, like the bats and balls, but their bosses, despite their poor choices of female companions, still manage to steal more money than the players make, however, despite their incredible salaries, the players are always wondering why they are broke. Few of them realize they are being paid in Monopoly Money. I used to have seasons or media passes to both major league parks, but I haven't been to major league sport in nearly 22 years. If I want to watch planned outcomes, I can always watch wrestling on TV, and at least they have great looking girls in Bikini's and you know who is going to win before the match even begins, so you don't start swearing at the Umpires. Well, I have an old fashioned electric football game I can play whenever I want to get some sports action, if I could only figure out why the little plastic players, who look like He-Men, but take every opportunity to start dancing in circles, arms locked, with each other! Oh, brother, is nothing sacred? I have an idea I'll send my game to Cheney! There is another argument the haters of Barry Bonds like to use. He had a crummy career until he discovered drugs. He is bigger than he was when he came into the league. Guess what EVERYONE is, I am bigger than when I played in high school and college. They also say, at a time in his career when others numbers are declining his are increasing. Not true, I look at hundreds of career stats and a great many careers began to take on extraordinary stats at about the same point, a point I predicted, right after each crisis in baseball. 1917-1919, 1930, 1950, 1961, 1987, 1991-2007. Here area few examples of such resurgences. Note the increase in homeruns per at bat on all of them at a certain point later in their career and note that in some, despite no longer able to beat out infield hits, still there was a resurgence in batting averages, later in careers, meaning they were hitting even better than when they were younger. For the below comparisons, they are rough. I ran a preliminary computer program with several prerogatives and comparison ratios. Later will do a season by season stat by stat revision and superimposition for more accurate figures of At Bats, Runs, Hits 2b Hits, 3b hits, Home Runs RBI's walks, K's OBA, Slugging percentages, and more if needed.

The below are, no pun intended, ballpark estimates based on cursory run of all pertinent stats and how, expansion, Super lively baseballs, comparative poor pitcher training of today's pitchers, adding of today's muscle contraction weight, training, the worst possible training for a baseball or basketball or offensive back or end. Muscle contraction, weight training hitting skills, reflexes, impairs pitcher longevity, decreases productivity, invites injury by tightening muscles and compacting them, the worst thing for those athletes who need long muscle, quick reaction and fast eye-hand coordination, smooth training, of which the best is swimming, and deducting personal training and restraint. Drugs play NO PART in BA or Home Run production. Male hormones, principally testosterone, are in part responsible for the huge developmental changes that occur during puberty and adolescence. Male Hormones Androgenic and Anabolic Effects Androgenic effects are changes in primary and secondary sexual characteristics. These include enlargement of the penis and testes, voice changes, hair growth on the face, axilla, and genital areas, and increased aggressiveness. The anabolic effects of androgens include enhanced neural conduction, accelerated growth of muscle, bone, and red blood cells. Medical Anabolic steroids were created to enhance the anabolic properties (tissue building) of the androgens and minimize androgenic (sex-linked) properties. However, steroids have not eliminated androgenic effects because the "androgenic effects" are really anabolic effects in sex-linked tissues. The effects of male hormones on accessory sex glands, genital hair growth, and oiliness of the skin are anabolic processes in those tissues. The steroids with the most potent anabolic effect are also those with the greatest androgenic effect. Steroid Receptors Since Steroid hormones work by stimulation of receptor molecules in muscle cells, which activate specific genes to produce proteins, they also affect the activation rate of enzyme systems involved in protein metabolism, thus enhancing protein synthesis and inhibiting protein degradation (Re: anti-catabolic effect.) The ideal means of use of a steroid is heavy weight training, which further bulks-up musculature and further "Muscle-Bounds" the athlete. Such training is counter-productive to baseball player effectiveness, even with out steroids, and acts as a Electro-chemical resistor slowing neuro-muscular stimulation/communications. Bad for baseball players, especially hitters. In short, steroids are not a drug for baseball players to reach optimum performance levels and in addition they make players more susceptible to injury-career ending injury and such injuries increase with athletes to which speed and preciseness are essential. They are far more appropriate for linemen in football and weight lifters, side effects and danger aside. Since the primary goal of use of steroids is for Bulk, for strength and bulk-muscle endurance, they tend to bulk-up muscles, tightly and compactly. Muscle-Bound is the slang term and it is certainly correct. Muscle-Bound is indeed "Tying-up" the user, interfering with necessary skills need for connecting with a sphere traveling at 100 mph, with a cylinder traveling at 1=25-150 mph (the bat). Professional and Amateur golfers, not very well muscled as are weight-lifters, football players or even baseball players, yet in joint tournaments and in individual play, Professional and Amateur golfers drive golf balls farther than professional baseball, football and Basketball stars/players, including those who have been accused of Bulking-up on steroids to it a baseball farther. Now why is that? Further Bulking up blocks neural transmission of reflexive actions, and the bulking up slows reaction time, that is something known even to children who play sports. They know the very bulked-up boys are often slower. In addition one of the side-effects of steroids is blurred vision, not an advantage in trying to hit a 100 mph sphere, with a 125-150 mph cylinder, where when the two curves touch, less than ╝" of both are making contact, and in which thousandths of a second is the required reaction time for hitting a baseball from release from the pitcher's hand to bat contact, of curve against curve as tangents. The raw truth is that if a baseball player, either as a hitter or a fielder is outstanding while using steroids, it is in spite of their use, not because of their use. The effects of anabolic steroids on physical performance NOT clear! Some show benefits in weight gain and strength, others do not. None have shown a benefit to those to which lightening fast reflexes and eye-hand coordination, such as need in hitting a baseball, even a tennis ball, or a golf ball (of which three the base ball needing the fastest reflexsive actions) all have shown steroids to be a hindrance to such needed performance demands. In short, it is harmful rather than helpful to the performance of a baseball player. Neither does it help a tennis player. There is nothing about steroids that makes it easier for anyone to see and time hitting a baseball thrown at any speed, and there is a good deal about steroids which makes it more difficult to hit a baseball thrown at any speed and exponentially more difficult to hit a baseball thrown at high speed and especially harder to hit one which is breaking in any direction. Steroids are a barrier, a hindrance to the performance of baseball players or any other athletic exercise that requires speed of reflexes, eye-hand coordination, or any such speed necessary eye-hand coordination and/or explicit, or delicate dexterity at speed. Well controlled, double blind studies have displayed conflicting results about strength gains. In studies showing beneficial effects, body weight increased by an approximate average four pounds, lean body weight by about six pounds (fat loss accounts is the reasons for the discrepancy between gains in lean mass and body weight), bench press maximums increased by about 15 pounds, squats by around 30 pounds (these gains are only for those studies which have shown POSITIVE or beneficial effects, they were not so rosy for the equal number of studies that showed no effect to negative effects). Almost all studies have failed to demonstrate a beneficial effect on maximal oxygen consumption or endurance capacity. Anabolic steroid studies have typically lasted six to eight weeks and have usually used relatively untrained subjects. BABE RUTH 1914-1919 AB=1110, HRS=49, HRS per ab=22.65, 19-24 yrs old 1920-1921 AB 998, 113 Hrs, HRS per ab=8.83 25-26 yrs old 1920-1921 BA=.377, SA .846.5, OBA .494 AV-TB 422.5 1922-1926 AB=2311 194 hrs, HRS per ab=11.91-age 26-30 1922-1926 BA=. 358. SA= .690, OBA=.480, AV TB=264 1927-1928 AB=1976 hrs 114, HRS per ab =9.43 age 31-33 1927-1928 BA=.345, SA=.741, OBA=.474, AV TB 394 1929-1932 AB=2008 182 hrs, HRS per ab= 11.0, age 34-37 1929-1932 BA=.355, SA=.697.5, OBA =.477, AV TB=351 1)-BABE AT SUPER-BASEBALL, MEAGER PITCHING LEVEL OF 1987-2007 ADD 15-20 POINTS TO BA, AND 300 HOME-RUNS FROM HIS .342 LIFETIME BA, TO .357-.362, AND HIS HOME RUNS FROM 714-1014. RBI's go to 2600 2)-Ted Williams, Remove time lost at war, add SuperBaseball era, 1987-2007, add three more .400 seasons 27 points to his BA, 350 HOMERUNS FOR A GRAND TOTAL OF 871 HOMERUNS MAKING HIM SECOND ONLY TO RUTH AND A LIFETIME BA OF .369, WHICH WOULD BE A RECORD, PUTTING HIM 3 POINTS ABOVE TY COBB. Later, I will do a season-by-season breakdown of all stats TED WILLIAMS 1939-1942 AB=2064 HRS 127 HRS per ab=16.25 20-23 yrs old 1939-1942 BA=.358 SA=.646 OBA= .483 AV TB 338 1943-1945 AT WAR 1946-1950 AB=2453 HRS 166 HRS per ab=14.77 27-31 yrs old 1946-1950 BA=.358 SA=.646 OBA= .483 AV TB 338 1951-1953 PARTIAL MILITARY SERVICE 1951-1953 AB=632 HRS=44, HRS per ab=14.36 32-34 yrs old 1951-1953 BA=.332 SA=.610 OBA=.473 AV TB=300 1954-1960 AB 2519 HRS=184 HRS per ab=13.69 35-41 yrs old 1954-1960 BA .337 SA=.617 OBA-.471 AV TB 239 SAMMY SOSA 1989-1992 AB=183,HRS, HRS per ab=14.5O, 20-23 yrs old 1989-1992 BA=.257 SA=.366 OBA= .303 AV TB 67 1993-1997 AB=2728, HRS=170, HRS per ab=16.47 24-28 yrs old 1993-1997 BA=.268, SA=.366 OBA= .322 AV TB 279 1998-2003 AB=3622, HRS=332, HRS per ab=10.91 28-34 yrs old 1998-2003 BA=.268, SA=.366 OBA= .301 AV TB 373 2004-2007 AB=858, HRS=49, HRS per ab=17.5 35-36 yrs old 2004-2005 BA=.268, SA=.366 OBA= .301 AV TB 185 2006 DID NOT PLAY PROJECTED BASED ON CURRENT STATS 2007 AB=504, HRS=26, HRS per ab=19.4 38 yrs old 2007 BA=.254, SA=.456 OBA= .312 AV TB 240 BARRY BONDS 1986-1989 AB=2082, HRS=84, HRS per ab=24. 21-24 yrs old 1986-1989 BA=.254, SA=.476 OBA= .344.5 AV TB 238.5 1990-1997 AB=3987, HRS=290, HRS per ab=13.74-25-32 yrs old 1990-1997 BA=.306, SA=.605 OBA= .436.7 AV TB 300 1998-2006 AB=3371, HRS=334, HRS per ab=10.09-33-41 yrs old 1998-2006 BA=.325, SA=.708 OBA= .496 AV TB 284 PROJECTED BASED ON CURRENT STATS 2007 AB=374, HRS=30, HRS per ab=12.50-42 yrs old 2007 BA=.294, SA=.578 OBA=.504, AV TB 216 Many other great players were reviewed for this article, a quite a few of them had a late career resurgences, but it depended a lot on health, eyesight and staying injury free. Even many who were not completely healthy, or injury free, if their batting averages slipped (as many did because they could no longer beat out infield hits or bunts, which makes Ted Williams and Ty Cobb's great last several years, with high batting averages even more amazing) but a more than a few, like Williams, hit home runs with more frequency per time at bat, but did not, however, play regularly. Williams did both hit for a high average and more home runs per times at bat. Sports related hero warnings PS: Kids And Adults: Don't Take Steroids Or Any Drugs! And When You Go On A "Date" Bring Protection. Well, Yeah Bring Condoms, But Also A Body Guard Or Two, Because Girls Are Getting Tougher And More Demanding, So If You Lack True Stud-Ability, You May Need At Least Couple Of Body Guards.

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Professor Emeritus Peter Bagnolo Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Professor Bagnolo has majored in: Cultural Anthropology, Architectural design, painting, creative writing. As a child prodigy, abed with polio for almost two years, he was offered an opportunity to skip three grades at age 8.
Later He was a (more...)
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