15 November 2008
A "poverty summit" was held at Detroit's Cobo Center on November 13. The "Voices for Action 2008 Poverty Summit" attracted thousands of social workers and representatives of charities from throughout the state of Michigan. It was hosted by the Michigan Department of Human Services, the non-profit Michigan Community Action Agency Association and the Governor's Commission on Community Action and Economic Opportunity.
The event did attract thousands of people from all over the state who want to address the worsening social crisis. Among the attendees were many social workers and technical experts on questions related to poverty, housing and education. The World Socialist Web Site (WSWS) spoke with some of these participants.
Donald Moore, a clinical therapist, said that the Detroit homeless shelter where he works is already witnessing the impact of the economic crisis. "We are seeing daily more people looking for shelter, and more and more cases of mental illness are being discovered," he said.
Bob Houston and Justin Williams are college students. Houston works as a social worker and Williams works at a homeless shelter. Williams said that the shelter where he works is seeing more and more people coming from the cold—not because they don't have a home, but because the utility companies have cut off their heat and electricity. Williams complained that the conference had not provided "any specific proposals, nothing concrete." Houston said that many of his college friends' fathers are losing their jobs at the auto companies, and that his graduating classmates are not finding work.
Michigan has suffered decades of deindustrialization and the attendant devastation of cities and towns. Now, in the midst of the current economic crisis, the working class in Michigan is facing a rapidly deteriorating situation, with job losses in the state's auto industry mounting and home foreclosures and evictions increasing. Social services and private charities have been swamped by the growing demand for relief.
According to official figures released late last month, Michigan, at 8.7 percent, had the second highest unemployment rate in the US in September. The figure for October will undoubtedly be higher. Detroit, Michigan's largest city, is ranked as the poorest city in the country. There are 2 million people in the state living below the official poverty line, including 500,000 children.
Thursday's event demonstrated the lack of any serious policy on the part of the political establishment to address this social catastrophe. The "poverty summit" was little more than a public relations event designed to give the appearance that Michigan's Democratic Party politicians, including Governor Jennifer Granholm, are moving to address the problems confronting unemployed and low-wage workers. Granholm addressed the meeting after returning from a national media tour in which she sought to drum up support within the ruling elite for a bailout of the Big Three American automakers—General Motors, Ford and Chrysler—which will entail tens of thousands more layoffs and unprecedented attacks on auto workers' wages, health benefits and pensions.
Over the past three decades, the auto companies have extracted massive tax concessions from the state and from local governments, threatening to shut plants and move production to lower-wage regions if their demands were denied. The auto giants got their tax windfalls, and shut plants and slashed jobs anyway. The billions in tax cuts went to increase the wealth of big shareholders and Big Three executives, while basic services for the population, such as education, healthcare and housing, deteriorated.