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OpEdNews Op Eds    H3'ed 8/14/19

Media can't even tell the truth about foreign policy history

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Media coverage of Canadian foreign policy is uniquely one-sided and biased. It's so bad that few readers, listeners or viewers will have ever seen or heard an honest analysis of this country's past, let alone current role around the world.

A recent Maclean's story titled "The long history of 'go back to where you came from' in Canada" illustrates how uniquely bad foreign policy coverage is. The story demonstrates that it is permissible to detail the history of racist immigration policy, but can one imagine Maclean's publishing a story headlined "the long history of Canada advancing Empire"? No major media outlet or the National Observer, Tyee or Press Progress, for that matter would highlight how every prime minister since Confederation has advanced violent, antidemocratic and pro-corporate international policies.

Don't believe me? Here's a brief summary:

  • John A McDonald helped recruit nearly four hundred Canadians to beat back anti-colonial resistance in the Sudan in 1884-85 and during his decades in power Canadians were trained to be officers in Britain's conquest across Africa.
  • Wilfrid Laurier's government oversaw the deployment of seven thousand Canadians to defend British imperial interests in what's now South Africa.
  • Robert Borden dispatched 600,000 men to fight a war with no clear and compelling purpose other than rivalry between up-and-coming Germany and the lead imperial powers of the day, Britain and France. After World War I Borden sought to be compensated with Britain's Caribbean colonies and publicly encouraged Canadian businessmen to buy up southern Mexico.
  • R. B. Bennett deployed two destroyers to assist a month-old military coup government's brutal suppression of a peasant and Indigenous rebellion in El Salvador, which London thought might be a "danger to British banks, railways and other British lives and property" as well as a Canadian-owned utility. Bolstered by the Royal Canadian Navy's presence, the military regime would commit "one of the worst massacres of civilians in the history of the Americas."
  • William Lyon Mackenzie King was sympathetic to European fascism. His government criminalized Canadians who fought against Franco's fascists in Spain while arming Japanese fascists. In September 1936 King wrote that Adolf Hitler "might come to be thought of as one of the saviours of the world." After atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Mackenzie King declared, "it gives me pleasure to announce that Canadian scientists played an important role, having been intimately connected, in an efficient manner, to this great scientific development."
  • Louis St. Laurent's government endorsed the Washington sponsored overthrow of popularly elected Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh and Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz. St. Laurent dispatched eight Canadian warships and 27,000 troops to fight in Korea. The US-led force massively expanded what was essentially a civil war, which ultimately left as many as four million dead.
  • John Diefenbaker blamed Fidel Castro for the CIA-backed Bay of Pigs invasion. His government also sent troops to undermine Congolese independence leader Patrice Lumumba who he labelled a "major threat to Western interests".
  • Lester Pearson's government played a part in the downfall of leading pan-Africanist Kwame Nkrumah and sent a vessel to support the US invasion of the Dominican Republic to stop a left-wing government from taking office. He staunchly defended the US war in Vietnam, which greatly benefited Canadian arms sellers. Pearson had Canadian International Control Commission officials deliver US bombing threats to the North Vietnamese leadership.
  • Pierre Trudeau was hostile to Salvador Allende's elected government and did business with Augusto Pinochet's dictatorship in Chile. He embraced Indonesia's occupation of East Timor and sympathized with South Africa's apartheid regime not the black liberation movement or nascent Canadian solidarity groups.
  • Brian Mulroney "justified" the US invasion of Panama, which left 4,000 dead. He also backed US airstrikes on Libya that left 37 people dead and 93 wounded in a failed bid to kill Mohammed Gaddafi. His government deployed three naval vessels, 26 aircraft and 4,000 personnel to the Middle East in a war that killed 20,000 Iraqi troops and between 20,000 and 200,000 civilians.
  • Jean Chre'tien deployed 18 fighter jets to NATO's illegal 78-day bombing of Serbia, which left hundreds dead and hundreds of thousands displaced. He began Canada's pointless war in Afghanistan and his government held a meeting to plan the overthrow of Haitian democracy.
  • Paul Martin ramped up the war in Afghanistan. He dispatched troops to overthrow president Jean Bertrand Aristide in Haiti and provided various forms of support to the post-coup regime responsible for thousands of deaths.
  • Stephen Harper supported Israel's war on Lebanon and repeated onslaughts on Gaza. He had Canada head NATO's bombing of Libya, which has led to eight years of civil war and greater instability in Africa's Sahel region.
  • Justin Trudeau has armed Saudi Arabia, backed brutal mining companies, expanded NATO deployments, opposed Palestinian rights, refused to support nuclear weapons controls, deepened ties to repressive Middle East monarchies, supported Africa's most ruthless dictator, propped up a corrupt, repressive and illegitimate Haitian president, tried to topple the Venezuelan government, etc.

Of course, the dominant media is skewed towards the outlook of their wealthy owners, corporate advertisers and power more generally on all matters. How the bias plays out depends on the issue and time. In recent years, for instance, there has been a marked increase of space devoted to discussing Canada's genocidal dispossession of First Nations. But, even as Canada's most fundamental injustice begins to receive dominant media attention it is still largely forbidden to present an overarching critique of foreign policy history. It's acceptable to write about "The long history of 'go back to where you came from' in Canada" but not that "foreign policy has long advanced corporate interests and empire."

 

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Yves Engler Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Yves Engler is a Montre'al-based activist and author. He has published ten books.  His newest one is Left, Right: Marching to the Beat of Imperial Canada.  Some of his other best-selling books include The Black Book of (more...)
 

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3 people are discussing this page, with 3 comments  Post Comment


Devil's Advocate

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Really good summary, Yves! Depressing, of course, but a needed summary.

Canada has always enjoyed this image of itself as a "peace nation" that cares so much about humanity and fairness, etc. I grew up watching my country's leaders follow along, practically in lockstep, with those of the U.S. and its sordid practices, and wondered where in the hell people get this idea that Canada is sooo benevolent.

Even on our home turf, we've got what's left of our land's indigenous people still fighting for the basics, and certainly getting none of that "reconciliation" repeatedly promised to them by "liberals" such as Justin Trudeau. Does anyone really notice?

Submitted on Thursday, Aug 15, 2019 at 12:04:47 AM

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David William Pear

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Yves has been a good addition to OEN. The five eyes countries are all the same.

Submitted on Thursday, Aug 15, 2019 at 2:37:20 AM

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David Wieland

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This is certainly a depressing litany of misguided and damaging government policy and military action. I wonder though if there isn't more that should be included in describing some of these actions. The only one I've looked at more closely myself is the current situation in Venezuela. What Engler has referred to as the Bolivarian Revolution in a Huffpost article has been quite authoritarian, and Venezuela's economy and political freedom has suffered greatly. Guaido might not be the best choice for a better president, but it's hard to defend a government that prevents political opponents from running for office.

Submitted on Friday, Aug 16, 2019 at 4:32:46 PM

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