In its severity and overall impact, the comparison may hold true. But when it comes to media coverage, a far better analogy can be made to the invasion and occupation of Iraq undertaken in the wake of the terror attacks.
Complicity, careerism, access, ratings, deregulation, glory, money, corporate and conglomerate media… the reasons behind our pusillanimous press coverage of the run up to the financial meltdown are much the same as those underlying the run up to war – and so are the results. Business reporters ‘embedded’ on Wall Street — as enamored of titans of commerce as their Pentagon press peers were with Donald Rumsfeld and Colin Powell – are now piling bad information on top of no information. Once again, we-the-people are paying the price in treasure and sadly, in some cases, blood.
Of course, I’m not alone in pointing fingers. As the AP’s David Bauder recently reported, “some of the nation’s top financial journalists believe reporters dropped the ball as the nation’s economy tumbled toward crisis mode.”
Sixty-two of the one hundred journalists surveyed were critical of the media’s work, Bauder noted, “suggesting there was an over-exuberance about the economy and a failure to connect the dots as troubles began.” The journalists — mostly from organizations such as CNBC, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times and the like — differed on who deserved the blame for the crisis: 45 said banks and 44 said regulators. Shockingly, “Only two believed that the media was mostly to blame, and nine pointed their fingers at consumers,” Bauder reported. One anonymous journalist’s comment was most telling: “Everyone dropped the ball. But the media does not have nearly as much blood on its hands as the financial industry and government.” Another noted, “The media, like real life, is full of a diversity of opinions and stories. The warning signs were there, and stories were written about the looming dangers. I find it offensive that there’s a notion that the entire business press can be criticized for a failure to see the future once we’re in a troubled climate.”
And in fairness, it’s true that there’s been one finance-related emergency after another over the last few years – at precisely the same time as an equally deadly financial crisis has been decimating newsrooms. Nonetheless, there has been some excellent journalism about the financial mess published and broadcast before, during, and after the crisis emerged. The right questions were asked – and answered – and the stories were all told… but one had to look hard for them amidst all the cheerleading and happy talk. So when looking for the roots of the subprime mess, trying to figure out what to do with what little money you may have left, or seeking to understand where all those trillions in tax dollar bailouts will actually be spent, what are the best and the worst sources of reliable economic and financial news you can use? Here’s a quick guide:
Unsurprisingly, print reporters have generally done a better job of covering the many complexities of credit default swaps, collateralized debt obligations and other economic esoterica, since the medium is more naturally suited to in-depth, nuanced reporting. Broadcast entities, with few exceptions (see below) have skimmed the surface at best. But for sheer bombast, unmitigated banality, superficial analysis and questionable embedding, cable business channels such as CNBC and Fox Business Network are at the fore. Jim Cramer and his accurately named “Mad Money” program lead the way — to the bottom. One can argue that “Mad Money” is not journalism, but instead some twisted form of reality-based entertainment merely masquerading as such – but then so is much of what passes for programming on these hyped-up offspring of the boom years.
Other CNBC ‘reporters,’ such as the so-called ‘Money Honeys’ Maria Bartiromo and Erin Burnett, are equally embedded and invested in the success of those they cover.
Meanwhile, the Fox Business Network – which brayed that it was more “friendly’ and “pro-business” than CNBC — has been even more abysmal. FBN vice president of business news Alexis Glick said at its launch that the cabler was seeking “an audience of people out there who want to get business news in a way that is friendly, interesting, fun, and that’s going to help you achieve the things that matter most to you. And part of that is success, money and happiness. It’s the American dream.” Glick’s comments complement those of UberBoss Rupert Murdoch, who complained that rival CNBC reporters “leap into every scandal. There’s an atmosphere to it that’s negative.” Now that the dream has morphed into a nightmare, Murdoch’s minions still bring you “Happy Hour” business reporting direct from a saloon.
CNN also deserves its share of brickbats, most notably for devoting two hours to a primetime special that included the Wall Street-funded, anti-deficit documentary “IOUSA” and a subsequent discussion with a handful of guests, all of whom agreed that reducing the national debt must be an urgent priority — at a time when most informed observers feel economic revival requires very large deficits even to begin.
There were also, however, many shining examples of journalists doing their jobs well, asking tough questions, getting surprising answers, and presenting them to a world still stuck inside a frothy financial bubble about to burst. In some cases they toiled at major outlets such as the New York Times and the Financial Times, where columnists including Paul Krugman, Joe Nocera, the estimable Martin Wolf and others all did their best to call attention to the gathering storm. But in most instances they were outliers – bloggers, researchers, and even filmmakers — people who didn’t usually specialize in business reporting or even analysis. Veteran gadfly and self-styled News Dissector Danny Schechter was first, and is still foremost, among them.