years after Hitler was defeated, America went to war for Nazis. The
cost was over 44,000 American lives. Rhee was president until
he was forced out in 1960 and moved to Hawaii.
Hands Across the World
By 1948, the ABN was well on its way to becoming the premier anti-Communist exile organization. Not because of its popularity, but due to intimidation of its rivals through political in-fighting and bullying that included killings and beatings administered by the dreaded internal security wing of OUN/B , the SB. CIC (Army Counter Intelligence) confirmed that by 1948 both the "Intermarium" and the UPA (Ukrainian Partisan Command) reported to the ABN president, Yaroslav Stetsko. The UPA in turn had consolidated all the anti-Soviet groups under its umbrella. Yaroslav Stetsko was also Secretary of OUN/B and second in command to Bandera, who had the largest remaining partisan group behind Soviet lines under his direct command.
Thus, by 1950, OUN/B had become the leader among the anti-Communist exiles, especially in America, while the more moderate and Madisonian-oriented platforms and groups, the Prometheans, the Central European Federal Club and others had been fused with the ABN or disbanded. (Madison, Wilson, and East Central European Federalism A Dissertation submitted to The Division of Research and Advanced Studies Of the University of Cincinnati In partial fulfillment for the requirements of the degree of Doctore of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in the Department of Political Science in the College of Arts and Sciences 2006 by Jonathan H. Levy .)
1954 Chiang Kai-shek visited his counterpart in South Korea to
further cooperation. Chiang was funded directly by the Liebman-
Stetsko China Lobby. The ultra nationalist Kai-shek also found direct
support from Stetsko's ABN. The Bandera were experts in clandestine
warfare and sent trainers and mercenaries. Stetsko and Liebman also
help set up the APACL (Asian Peoples Anti-Communist League) for
Chiang Kai-shek to consolidate Asian ultra-nationalists into a
cohesive group. This group would eventually be the hub of world wide
Nazi power, the WACL (World
Anti-Communist League )
which both Stetsko and Liebman would steer.
China Lobby and the WACL steered by Liebman and Stetsko would
continue to increase in power well into the Reagan years.
Stetsko was able to keep his ideology alive in Eastern Europe through Radio Free Europe. This was run by Henry Luce's right hand and political warfare specialist, C.D. Jackson. Ultra nationalist ideology was broadcast on Radio Free Asia.
the mid 1950's Stetsko's ABN had gained so much power by controlling
America's anti-communist crusade that although the ABN (UCCA) could
not testify in front of Congress they were writing the questions and
supplying the witnesses to answer them in sub committee
of Nazi Christian Belief
In 1950 America's two favorite sayings were "do unto others as you would have done to you" and "live and let live."
"You have to understand, we are an underground organization. We have spent years quietly penetrating positions of influence," one ( OUNB Bandera ) member told journalist Russ Bellant, who documented the group's resurgence in the United States in his 1988 book , Old Nazis, New Right, and the Republican Party.
Through the working groups set up under Truman, the anti-communist message developed religious anti-communism. The Latvian ultra nationalist emigres helped this along by coining the phrase "Godless communists." This catch phrase permeated American media, culture, and sentiment. It became the phrase that would be used to back up wars that pushed the ultra nationalist agenda through the Reagan era. This invasion of government into religion changed the nature of mainstream American Christianity to 'Christ Militant'.
Circa 1940, church membership was 49% of the American population. By 1970 it had jumped to 65% thanks to the Cold War rhetoric of politicians and evangelicals. Starting in the 1950's, church growth was in response to the message that communism rejected God, and real Americans were Christian. China Lobby claimsmakers appealed to American Christian mores--especially significant during Eisenhower's presidency--claiming, "never since the Boxer days have so many crimes been committed against foreign missionaries." Representative Louis C. Rabaut (D-Mich.) confirmed that this was an important issue because "in the field of foreign affairs the problem haunting us today is unquestionably godless communism". -FIRING UP THE COLD WAR:THE CHINA LOBBY AND SINO-AMERICAN RELATIONS, 1945-1955 Keith Allan Clark II, A Thesis Submitted to the University of North Carolina Wilmington in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts.
In "Plea for an Anti-Communist Faith," Senator Richard Nixon (of all people), former member of the House Un-American Activities Committee, equated Communism with pure evil, arguing in 1952 that the only way to combat "the netherworld of deceit, subversion, and espionage which is the Communist conspiracy" was Christian religious faith -- "a faith based not on materialism but on a recognition of God." Nixon asserted that Western-style freedom was impossible without Biblical Christianity. ( Nixon, Richard . "Plea for an Anti-Communist Faith."-Thirty Years of Treason: Excerpts from Hearings before the House Committee on Un-American Activities, 1938-1968. Ed. Eric Bentley. New York: The Viking Press, 1971. 569-571.)
call was answered by people like Abraham
who started the National
Prayer Breakfast in
1953, bringing politicians, religious leaders, and anti-communist
emigres together under the auspices of Jesus and developed the
anti-communist (eventually fascist) faith. Vereide, a devout
anti-communist and ultra-nationalist, developed the vehicle that
would eventually combine hatred of communists and love of Nazism into
an American Evangelical Christianity that has more nationalist
political ideology than theological underpinning.
like Billy Graham cemented
this into the American fabric. Graham gained instant fame because his
about the God who so loved the world that He gave His only begotten
Son. The minister was a popular voice for fundamentalist,
nationalistic conservatism, arguing that Christian salvation was the
only vaccine against Communism. The American reliance on religion for
ideological legitimacy blended the Christian and patriotic ideals,
making Christianity a prerequisite for patriotic citizenship.