"The dirty secret of the standardized testing industry is the breathtakingly low quality of the tests themselves." says Bob Shepherd who worked in the education publishing industry for decades, developing standardized tests, writing often about their poor quality, lack of reliability &validity. He explains:"Please note that there are many VERY DIFFERENT definitions of what “standardized test”means.; Understanding why the state ELA tests are a scam requires detailed knowledge of the tests themselves, which proponents of the tests either don’t have but aren’t going to talk about because such proponents are owned by or work for the testing industry. Education deformers, journalists & politicians tend, in my experience, to be EXTRAORDINARILY NAÏVE about this. Their assumption that the ELA tests validly measure what they purport to measure is disastrously wrong." Read, learn the the truth!