Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Share on Facebook 2 Share on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share on Reddit Tell A Friend Printer Friendly Page Save As Favorite View Favorites
OpEdNews Op Eds

The Rentier and the Lumpen

By       Message Basak Tanulku       (Page 1 of 1 pages)     Permalink    (# of views)   1 comment

Related Topic(s): ; ; , Add Tags
Add to My Group(s)

View Ratings | Rate It

opednews.com

Author 502447
From flickr.com/photos/95329455@N02/15773896652/: A look at relationship between classes. What are we teaching?
A look at relationship between classes. What are we teaching?
(Image by simpleinsomnia)
  Permission   Details   DMCA
- Advertisement -
p>In this piece, through a psychological approach, I want to look at the current class structure to understand the factors behind the popularisation of speculation and consumption, which became the shared values of both the upper and the lower classes. What is the relationship between people who have achieved every goal they aimed for and those who live in a continuous limbo by dreaming that one day they will achieve the same?

From a psychological approach, the relationship between the upper, middle and lower classes can fit into a Freudian framework of id, ego, and superego. In this framework, id corresponds to the animal inside us, which needs to be satisfied, like sexual libido, hunger and thirst. Superego is the human part above all, corresponding to the narcissistic personality, who sees the self above everything and everyone else and who has the power to judge and separate the good from the bad. Ego is in between the two, the suppressed part of our personality which is pushed from all sides and faced with constant humiliation: they are humiliated, because they are regarded to live an ordinary and conservative lifestyle and they are also isolated from mainstream life because of the power of the new rich and other parasitic forms of life that are seen to deserve a good life as the result of their money.

In the current society, while the conventional middle classes, ego, have become gradually removed from everyday cultural, economic, moral and political curricula, a new group within the upper classes has emerged, characterised by spending sprees, luxury brands, and seven-star hotels: they are the "rentier" who spend huge amounts of money in cities like London, New York, Istanbul, and Dubai, becoming similar to each other by a built environment replicating the past and luxurious hotels containing toilets made of gold.

In this context, superego is the rentier, free to do anything while id is the lumpen, who is unable to control basic instincts, who needs to be satisfied. The rentier and the lumpen has a symbiotic relationship, in which the rentier has the power and money, made of trade based on a principle of profit without a moral rule behind it. Instead, the lumpen carry out the orders of the rentier, and live with a hope that one day they will catch up to the status of rentier.

- Advertisement -

This continuous hope, however, kills them day by day without them ever noticing, concealed by consumption. The rentier (the superego) and the lumpen (the id) vote for the same political parties and share the same political and ideological ambitions, ideals and fantasies. In this relationship, while the rentier is free to do anything they want behind closed doors, the lumpen feels free to do so in streets. Because of that, we see people who we would never expect to find together in a photograph, such as aristocrats of various ranks and celebrities who are regarded as national treasures in their countries.

 

- Advertisement -

View Ratings | Rate It

opednews.com

Basak Tanulku is an independent researcher from Istanbul, Turkey. She holds a PhD degree in Sociology, Lancaster University (the UK). Her main research areas are socio-spatial segregation, particularly gated communities and similar housing (more...)
 

Basak Tanulku Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Writers Guidelines
Related Topic(s): ; ; , Add Tags
Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

STAY IN THE KNOW
If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEdNews Newsletter
Name
Email
   (Opens new browser window)
 

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

The Rentier and the Lumpen

The Current Political Condition