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The Capitalist Big Lie about Human Nature

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Capitalism is a social system that tries to legitimize itself as one that, unlike all others, is based on what human nature really is, not what we'd like it to be. Capitalist ideologues claim that it is human nature to place self-interest above all other concerns. Adam Smith, capitalism's first and perhaps most well-known ideological defender, famously argued that only the capitalist system allows an "invisible hand" to ensure that the net result of everybody acting just in their own self-interest results in the betterment of society for all. The baker makes bread just to make a profit; ditto the shoemaker and the candlestick maker. And, behold! it results in people having the bread and shoes and candlesticks they need.

"Greed is good," say the defenders of capitalism. Were it not for greed, we're told, the baker and shoemaker and candlestick maker would have no incentive to make their wares, and we'd all go shoeless and hungry in an unlit world.

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Economic inequality is also good, in fact necessary, we're told, and because the only reason people work hard and smart is to get richer than others. In a society where everybody who contributed reasonably to the economy shared with each other according to need as equals there would, according to the capitalist view, be no reason for people to work and hence the economy would stop producing things.

The belief that greed is human nature, which it is good for society, and that inequality is natural and necessary are the beliefs that make our present social structure seem legitimate. It is a social structure in which money is power. Economic inequality inevitably means political inequality too. One person, one vote may be the theory, but in real life it ends up being one dollar one vote, as politicians respond less to the concerns of their constituents and far more to the concerns of Big Money. It is Big Money that funds politicians' campaigns, decides how the mass media will treat them, and provides them with cushy jobs when they leave office. Also, it is Big Money that can relocate a business that is a major employer if it doesn't get legislation that it wants.

'You May Not Like It, But It's Just Human Nature'

Those who rule our world, whose chief aim in life is the greedy pursuit of money, and who enjoy power and privileges that money makes possible for the very rich in an economically unequal society--this capitalist class of people justify it all with a Big Lie. The Big Lie is that selfishness is the primary human motivation, always has been and always will be because it is simply human nature. Capitalists argue that there is no difference between the motives and values of ordinary people and those of the richest families in society. The only difference is that the rich ones were more successful than the others.

Defenders of capitalism use the Big Lie about human nature when they tell us that there is no point in trying to create a better world that is more equal and democratic. Even if we succeeded initially, they say, it would just revert back to the same inequality we have today because human nature would remain the same. People would compete against each other, there would be winners and losers, and inequality would re-emerge. Greed, inequality, and competition for self-interest: it's all just human nature. The wisest thing to do, say the defenders of capitalism is to recognize the fact, and turn it to the best advantage by letting Adam Smith's invisible hand work its wonders in a capitalist society.

Big Facts Refute the Big Lie about 'Human Nature'

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Human nature is not the same as capitalist nature, no matter what the capitalists want us to believe. Human beings create cultures. Cultures embody values about how relations between people ought to be. Being selfish or sharing is a behavioral choice determined in large part by one's culture.

Conflicting cultures have developed, especially conflicting class cultures. Classes of human beings have arisen that dominate, oppress and exploit other human beings, and they have created a culture that legitimizes and even glorifies their oppressive relation to others. But these oppressive classes that survive by taking economic wealth from those who actually produce it are numerically small. The majority of human beings whose labor produces all the wealth of society have developed a very different culture.

The culture of the people who produce the wealth of society is different because we are a social species; we produce the things and services we need for survival and for our comfort and enjoyment only by cooperating with others. Cooperation requires mutual trust. The reason why the Golden Rule is universally honored as the basis of morality (as discussed here ), and the reason why it is therefore incorporated into every major religion, is because it is the basis for establishing the trust that cooperation and hence human survival requires.

There is a class culture that says to be selfish. And there is a conflicting class culture, enshrined in the Golden Rule that says to share.

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12 people are discussing this page, with 17 comments  Post Comment


John Spritzler

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The notion that human behavior causes people to act mainly out of self-interest is false. This false idea is what apologists for capitalism rely upon, by claiming that capitalism is the only system that accepts greed as natural but turns it towards benefiting society, via Adam Smith's famous "Invisible Hand."

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 2:54:20 PM

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BFalcon

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Good writing but I don't think that we can claim that self interest is not a major driver of human behavior. The development of society does show that there is a 'more noble' altruistic component that many among us possess. But the self-interest is apparently present more universally and can be counted on more reliably.

A lot of thinking needs to be done about all this but let us not go with simple idealistic 'solutions'.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 3:55:35 PM

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john taylor

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Adam Smith called it the invisible hand because it's not there, regulations are the invisible hand which our current political leeches have destroyed (this the massive inequalities).

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 5:08:59 PM

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David William Pear

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Adam smith was a genius and a philosopher as well as the first economist. He had great concern for the poor, and fretted over their working conditions. BUT---

His theories has been misused and abused by those with an ax to grind, a very selfish ax used to spread propaganda. The theoretical assumption of Smiths model of 'capitalism and the invisible hand' are so far removed from the reality of the present economy that it makes a farce out of what people say who support "free-market capitalism" today.

Conveniently, the propagandists remember Smith's assumptions that fits their purpose (like capitalism provides the best products at the lowest price) and forget assumptions that would make the greedy change their rational for their greed and selfishness. For instance Smith assumed many small producers, and many small buyers, none working in collusion. That is a far cry from our oligopoly and corpocracy of today's big monopolistic corporations and crooked politicians who make unequal laws to the highest briber.

But the propaganda machine never stops, nor the dumbing down of the population, so their is little hope of change until people wise up.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 3:11:50 PM

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Paul Repstock

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There is no Economic System which can solve Humanity's problems. To think so is 'putting the cart in front of the donkey'. A minority of Humans impose Economic Systems on the masses in pursuit of their own agenda, and the rest of us try to maximize our benifits from whatever "System" we are living in.

The biggest hurdle to building an equitable Economic System is the lack of Integrity in Humans: From the Wealthiest to the Poorest the profile is the same!
The second biggest in my opinion is the insistence that "All People are created Equal." We know this is foolish. We can create laws to level the playing field by guaranteeing 'Equal Rights' (which is logical and just). But, we cannot pretend that everyone has the same abilities, and therefore the same responsibilities!

Unless we incentivize The Producers we cannot expect them to produce the "Surpluses" which society depends upon.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 6:01:49 PM

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David William Pear

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Thanks Paul---here are a few more thoughts of my own: "All People are created Equal", is not meant to be literal; it means all people are equal before the law, and that all people have equal rights. It does not mean they have equal ability because we know that by accidents of nature they don't.

"Accidents of nature" is a key phrase---Warren Buffet calls it the "lucky sperm club", being born rich. I would ad being born with a high IQ or physical abilities as an athlete.

Producers have plenty of incentive today. The pendulum has swung too far in their direction. People have the equal rights before the law to "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness". I think we need to recognize that in its most literate meaning: a basic income, healthcare, education and economic freedom from the worry of physical survival.

We have plenty of surplus. I think that the credit for that to 'incentivized producers" is way overdone. Much of that surplus comes from stolen land, natural resources and stolen labor. The US was built on slavery and those with the power to enslave and steal from others.

It has been a collective effort. The "surplus" is grossly unequally distributed. We need to redistribute the wealth more equally. The producers will still have plenty of incentive. The fear of a strike by "producers" is a fallacy.

Submitted on Saturday, Oct 14, 2017 at 12:01:17 PM

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Paul Repstock

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You misinterpret the term "Producer": You suggest that The Producers get more than their 'fair share'. If that were the case, then why isn't everyone striving to become 'A real producer'? Show me a farmer/fisherman/logger/miner/carpenter/plumber/, or any other hands-on producer who is getting more than their share. "The Producers" (sic) who reap the bulk of wealth and profits are the CEO's of large corporations. These people work politics and finance, not land and materials.

Submitted on Sunday, Oct 15, 2017 at 11:37:24 PM

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Tom Huckin

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I think selfishness IS inborn. It shows itself from the first moments of human life, with babies seeking only to satisfy their own needs and desires. This natural egocentrism continues until it confronts (via family members) sociocultural forces that demand some degree of altruism. In a healthy society, that opening up to the needs/interests of others continues outside the family as well, to the point where the society as a whole is relatively egalitarian. That's how I see it, at least.

In an unhealthy society such as one dominated by capitalism, this transition from early selfishness to more mature altruism is obstructed; this is accomplished by incessant propaganda and orthodox cultural practices promoting selfishness rather than sharing. In many ways such a society can be said to be infantilized. Modern-day America is a good example, with large numbers of adults acting and thinking like self-absorbed children. Indeed, like this author, I think that's our modern plague; and it's fed 24/7 by ads and other forms of capitalistic brainwashing everywhere you look and listen -- TV screens, AM radio, cellphone screens, billboards, movies, you name it.

Aldous Huxley saw it coming more than 80 years ago. I recommend not only Brave New World but his less well-known sequel published decades later, Brave New World Revisited.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 4:45:13 PM

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Harold Novikoff

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Two appropriate quotes from "The Case For Human Economics" (Parts 1 & 2) I previously posted on this web site:

"The ancient universal prayer of "peace on Earth and goodwill to all" suggests that there does reside in the greater portion of mankind -- and potentially in all mankind when basic human needs are satisfied - a reservoir of love, civility, logic and spiritual values that ignites a spark of hope for a new Enlightenment bringing harmonious existence throughout the world."

"This principle (the supply/demand principle) corresponds roughly to a popular notion, among those who believe best government is least government, that when all sections of the business world are left to their own devices their interactions will best serve the general welfare -- the Laissez Faire, "free trade" and "invisible hand" theories. The main fallacy in the real marketplace is that the scales are always tipped, perhaps most significantly by coercive marketing forces that permeate both our conscious and subconscious lives, tempting us to ever higher levels of materialistic indulgence -- and debt - to the extent that the individual's primary function in society is that of an addicted consumer of goods and services, rather than his or her development of human capabilities and contributions to society."

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 6:13:39 PM

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All spiritual traditions speak of kindness, generosity and all those virtues that are the dominant gene, with the negative ones being recessive. The combination of egoistic delusional social systems, especially monotheism has compounded and made the problem the civilizational threat it is now.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 6:33:01 PM

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Carol Jackson

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The Capitalist has a different Golden rule which it applies as it's own major tenet: "The guy with gold makes the rules." In reality, human history demonstrates that working together for the benefit of the group (tribe) was crucial for survival, the success of the human species demonstrates the efficacy of this model.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 7:21:40 PM

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Vernon Huffman

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Apparently some people's brains develop with a small amigdala, the almond shaped region involved in processing emotions. The condition doesn't impact physical or mental development and frequently remains undiagnosed, although these people are likely to display antisocial behavior disorder. They are generally quite intelligent and learn to behave publicly in a socially appropriate manner, faking the emotions they cannot feel.

The most significant symptom of a small amigdala is impaired empathy. Inhibited in the natural ability to derive joy from serving others, they seek control, often tinged with cruelty. They learn to elicit intense emotions, which spark some empathetic response in their tiny amigdalas. Like cutters, they find that any emotion is better than nothing at all.

These characters are attracted to and often successful in positions of power. They become police officers, soldiers, CEOs, and politicians, careers that often reward ruthlessness. Some go to prison as serial murderers or rapists, but most are smart enough to cope socially. Many see nothing wrong with a person who enjoys doing his job well, even if that job involves hurting others. Popular media often regards such ruthless characters as heroes.

The good news is that the amigdala can grow through a practice of mindfulness, observation of nature, and Compassionate Communication. The challenge is to motivate the person with an underdeveloped amigdala to want to heal. People who have never known joy, love, and deep satisfaction don't know what they're missing.

Submitted on Friday, Oct 13, 2017 at 8:15:17 PM

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Ted Tripp

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Very nice essay. I would make one observation and one criticism. First, Richard Wolfe defines the Soviet system as a form of "state capitalism," which agrees with the author's analysis. Second, the author is a bit hard on Adam Smith. According to Michael Hudson (Killing the Host), Smith's main proposal was taxing the rental, i.e. unearned income, of the landed aristocracy so that society as a whole could prosper, thus an early proponent of equality. Smith only wrote of the "invisible hand" twice in his economic philosophy. It was others who distorted this phrase and used it for their own. As an aside, the same thing happened to Darwin's "survival of the fittest," which he applied to an entire species, never to an individual.

Submitted on Saturday, Oct 14, 2017 at 1:01:53 PM

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John Spritzler

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Thank you for the information and clarification about Adam Smith and his "invisible hand."

Submitted on Saturday, Oct 14, 2017 at 2:40:40 PM

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Tony Orlando

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Someone once told me a story, that the Egyptians purposely traveled and gathered people to take back home to work on the pyramids so that the confusion of their communication would prevent them from seeing the trees form the forrest. Their skin color was different, their wage was different, their religion was different.


So to me this problem of ours is a communication problem. A problem as well with focusing our attention not on immediate gratification things like a child, but to one day grow up and be responsible. All the other articles are just branches of this tree, and we can do this until time runs out, or we can look at the trunk that holds up all this out of whack, totally absurd looking canapee of foliage. At the trunk of this tree we all talk using simple common sentences, ones of action that desperately tried to undo what we have done. Anyone else standing around doing nothing they all call insane, but what he really has portrayed is loneliness! Capitalism whats you to think that loneliness is good, that you should not worry what other people think of you.

Submitted on Sunday, Oct 15, 2017 at 1:17:15 AM

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Tony Orlando

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A comment to the author. Bothered by a topic may well be the start of a new way of thinking, a pioneer where others can not or will not yet navigate. The is also the definition of an artist, one who is searching for another to listen, and with a greater audience they accomplish what has not yet been desired. These articulations about our brothers, and ourselves have been waiting for a very long time. If we can settle this problem, it will be the start of a whole new way of life and if we say a picture of it today we would not recognize the people, we would not understand what tasks they are doing, the only thing we would see is our old ways and how we must teach them to be just like we are, never once ever considering that we are wrong. This is the story of the sad old woman, who is nothing ever but a child.


John, it is good this world bothers you. That is another thing main stream media wants you to believe, is that there are very few people like you, instead you may find that people like you are the norm. The ones who are out of whack, are the ones who speak too much, because they are so very important and special, yet we see them as the ones who do what ever they will to get what ever they want and will i.e. continuously so they may keep it, meanwhile make the other look like he is to blame for their own bad deeds.


Submitted on Sunday, Oct 15, 2017 at 1:30:19 AM

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Thank you!

Submitted on Sunday, Oct 15, 2017 at 2:30:06 AM

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