Currently, the fourth nuclear security summit was held in Washington D.C on March 31, and April 01, 2016. It is, in fact, the significant interaction among the prominent stakeholders in the international system. Given the sensitivity of the nuclear (weapons, materials and technology) thefts, the summit is exactly a prime platform to discuss the causes and effects of the nuclear weapons for the global security. Discussing South Asian nuclear dilemma is also the essential part of the summit.
remarkably, the high junta from both Pakistan
participated in the event. It revealed that the nuclear security concerns were partially
linked with the nuclear development in the region of South
Asia. Therefore, the focus of this article is to highlight the Pakistani
measurements as accepted by the international community for the ensured nuclear
safety and to answer the raised concerns.
Very recently, an analytical report was prepared by Harvard Canady School on the security situation of nuclear weapons of Pakistan and India. The report maintained that the measures undertaken by Pakistan for the security and safety of nuclear weapons are much stronger than that of India. In fact, Pakistan's command and control is far ahead in safeguarding its nukes against theft or a tactical malfunction of the strategic organizations. It has deployed more than 25,000 strong security personnel for the protection of nuclear technology, material and weapons.
In contrast, the Indian measurements are said to be less-adequate. However, in the said report, it is maintained that the nuclear risks in Pakistan are more than what India faces. It is also believed that Pakistan is more prone to militancy than India. That is why the risks of weapons theft from the former are added. This risk is exacerbating particularly when Pakistan is extending its nuclear arsenal on one hand and pursuing the policy of tactical weapons programme on the other. Owing to these two tenets, the nuclear security situation in Pakistan needs much attention.
If one reviews the record of past decades in term of nuclear safety, there is ultimate truth that Pakistan has undertaken result-oriented efforts in ensuring the nuclear safety. Therefore, it is partial to maintain that only Pakistani nukes are prone to theft as compared to India. Pakistan, despite the militancy was boiling up during past decade, ensured its weapons not to fell in wrong hands. Now, the situation of law and order is getting very good even in the militancy ridden areas of Pakistan. That is why the nuclear weapons theft from Pakistan seems less viable and out of question. If the situation of growing militancy is adduced in Pakistani part, the militancy in India is also on rise which neutralizes the notion that the security risks in Pakistan are more than India.
Therefore, the recently held nuclear security summit is a principal channel where the states behaviors should be discussed. If one state is aggressive, the preventive measures, likely to be made by other side are rational. In this regard, objective stances should be pursued by the trend setters in the global system. Only an idealistic approach can make the world free of risks.