Send a Tweet
Most Popular Choices
Share on Facebook 9 Share on Twitter Printer Friendly Page More Sharing
OpEdNews Op Eds    H3'ed 8/2/13

A Delphi Paper, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and International Order

By       (Page 1 of 6 pages)   4 comments
Message Muhammad Irfan

A Delphi Paper

Weapons of Mass destruction and

The International Order (William Walker)

Muhammad Irfan


"Prevention is better than cure". The commonly used proverb means it is better to prevent a misfortune if you can than to find a remedy for it after it has taken place. Military strength is a crucial element of national power that enables a state not only to ensure its security but also to compel others to behave in the way the state wants. The advancement in technology has added fuel to fire and made the military might the most hazardous instrument on the earth. 

(Image by Official U.S. Navy Imagery)   Details   DMCA

by Official U.S. Navy Imagery

Weapons of mass destruction, which include biological weapons, nuclear weapons, and thermonuclear weapons, are seen as unique development in the sphere of military technology that has enhanced the military strength at one hand and have "obsessed international order" at the other hand [1].

During Cold War, the nuclear weapon was developed for self defense and for the purposes of "deterrence" [2]. At that time, the world experienced the bipolar system, the Warsaw pact countries, headed by Union of Soviets Socialist Republic, and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) countries, led by United States of America, having adversarial relations with each other. Hence, efforts were utilized on deterrence, a capability that prevents adversary from undertaking aggression.

The Cold War rivalry has ended since the USSR has disintegrated in 1991, which made changes in international order. Some other incidents have taken place like "Indian and Pakistani test explosions, the international dispute over missile defense and the anti-ballistic missile treaty, the breakdown of the United Nations special committee in Iraq, the emergence of a more deadly terrorism exemplified by the 9/11 attacks, the war on terrorism and the unearthing of covert transnational supply network" [3].

These incidents have also changed the international order and necessitated the restraint over the deadly weapons. This paper is intended to highlight the dynamics, concerned with the weapons of mass destruction. The core questions of the topic include.

1.    What is international order?

2.    How do weapons of mass destruction affect international order?

3.    What about the role of WMD in 1nternational order in the Post Cold-War era?

4.    How did the breakdown of WMO order take place?

5.    What are suggestions?

Next Page  1  |  2  |  3  |  4  |  5  |  6

(Note: You can view every article as one long page if you sign up as an Advocate Member, or higher).

Rate It | View Ratings

Muhammad Irfan Social Media Pages: Facebook page url on login Profile not filled in       Twitter page url on login Profile not filled in       Linkedin page url on login Profile not filled in       Instagram page url on login Profile not filled in

Muhammad Irfan has authored many books. He is an internationally recognized scholar. He has presented his papers in national and international conferences. He is also a freelance journalist and contributes to both national and international (more...)

Go To Commenting
The views expressed herein are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.
Writers Guidelines

Contact AuthorContact Author Contact EditorContact Editor Author PageView Authors' Articles
Support OpEdNews

OpEdNews depends upon can't survive without your help.

If you value this article and the work of OpEdNews, please either Donate or Purchase a premium membership.

If you've enjoyed this, sign up for our daily or weekly newsletter to get lots of great progressive content.
Daily Weekly     OpEd News Newsletter
   (Opens new browser window)

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

Towards D├ętente: Bloc 2

Social Justice in Pakistan

Nuclear Capability and National Security

The Questionable History Assertion

Power-Seeking Individuals Flocking to the World's Major Cities Threaten State Security

The Final Stability

To View Comments or Join the Conversation:

Tell A Friend