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A Delphi Paper, Weapons of Mass Destruction, and International Order

By       Message Muhammad Irfan       (Page 1 of 6 pages)     Permalink    (# of views)   4 comments

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A Delphi Paper

Weapons of Mass destruction and

The International Order (William Walker)

Muhammad Irfan

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Introduction

"Prevention is better than cure". The commonly used proverb means it is better to prevent a misfortune if you can than to find a remedy for it after it has taken place. Military strength is a crucial element of national power that enables a state not only to ensure its security but also to compel others to behave in the way the state wants. The advancement in technology has added fuel to fire and made the military might the most hazardous instrument on the earth. 


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by Official U.S. Navy Imagery


Weapons of mass destruction, which include biological weapons, nuclear weapons, and thermonuclear weapons, are seen as unique development in the sphere of military technology that has enhanced the military strength at one hand and have "obsessed international order" at the other hand [1].

During Cold War, the nuclear weapon was developed for self defense and for the purposes of "deterrence" [2]. At that time, the world experienced the bipolar system, the Warsaw pact countries, headed by Union of Soviets Socialist Republic, and NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) countries, led by United States of America, having adversarial relations with each other. Hence, efforts were utilized on deterrence, a capability that prevents adversary from undertaking aggression.

The Cold War rivalry has ended since the USSR has disintegrated in 1991, which made changes in international order. Some other incidents have taken place like "Indian and Pakistani test explosions, the international dispute over missile defense and the anti-ballistic missile treaty, the breakdown of the United Nations special committee in Iraq, the emergence of a more deadly terrorism exemplified by the 9/11 attacks, the war on terrorism and the unearthing of covert transnational supply network" [3].

These incidents have also changed the international order and necessitated the restraint over the deadly weapons. This paper is intended to highlight the dynamics, concerned with the weapons of mass destruction. The core questions of the topic include.

1.    What is international order?

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2.    How do weapons of mass destruction affect international order?

3.    What about the role of WMD in 1nternational order in the Post Cold-War era?

4.    How did the breakdown of WMO order take place?

5.    What are suggestions?

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Muhammad Irfan has authored many books. He is an internationally recognized scholar. He has presented his papers in national and international conferences. He is also a freelance journalist and contributes to both national and international (more...)
 

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