"We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged."
Click here for pdf of list: Scientists Who Dissent From Darwinism
1) James A Shapiro Ph.D. Professor of Microbiology University of Chicago: "Genome change arises as a consequence of natural genetic engineering, not from accidents."
2) Stanley N. Salthe Ph.D. Zoology, 1963, Columbia University. "So, with current neoDarwinian theory, we can claim that it does not model evolution, only short-term survival from one generation to the next."
"As to its ability (neo-Darwinism) to explain the evolution of organisms (as opposed to the evolution of gene systems), it has not, after some 60 years of development, delivered a very convincing mechanism." see: Natural Selection neo Darwinian theory of evolution 2006 Salthe.
3) Stuart Kauffman, professor at the University of Calgary with a shared appointment between biological sciences and physics and astronomy. He is the author of The Origins of Order, At Home in the Universe: The Search for the Laws of Self-Organization, and Investigations.
4) Lynn Margulis, Distinguished University Professor Microbial Evolution and Organelle Heredity Department of Geosciences at the University of Massachusetts. "She does, however, hold a negative view of certain interpretations of neo-Darwinism, excessively focused on inter-organismic competition, as she believes that history will ultimately judge them as comprising 'a minor twentieth-century religious sect within the sprawling religious persuasion of Anglo-Saxon Biology.'" Left Image courtesy of Lynn Margulis and Carl Sagan.
5) David Stern, group leader at the Janelia Research Campus. From 2008 to 2011, he was an HHMI investigator at Princeton University.
"Although mutations are thought to occur randomly in the genome, the distribution of mutations that cause biologic diversity appears to be highly non-random." (Science Feb 2009)
"Is genetic evolution predictable? Evolutionary developmental biologists have argued that, at least for morphological traits, the answer is a resounding yes." (Evolution. 2008 Sep)
Although our current knowledge indicates all life forms are related and share a common ancestor, the exact mechanism of evolution has not yet been elucidated by science. Some day, in the future, science may discover the mechanism.
To be honest about our current scientific understanding, we must admit that science does not know the following items listed:
1) How the Universe originated.
2) How Life originated.
3) The Correct Mechanism of Evolution.
4) How Human Intelligence Originated.