Open Letter to HRH, Hamad Bin Khalifa al Thani, Emir of Qatar, on Abyssinia (Fake ´Ethiopia´)
As your government expressed astonishment at the ´Ethiopian´ decision to break off diplomatic ties with your country, I am writing to express my indignation for the improper and inconsistent attitude of the tyrannical administration of Meles Zenawi.
Before expanding on the real reasons hidden behind the undiplomatic manner and the uncivil language used in the email statement diffused by the ´Ethiopian´ government, I find the occasion propitious to express my profound admiration for the constructive role played by your government in various regions, Africa, Middle East, and the Gulf to name a few, and my great esteem for Qatar´s worthwhile commitment to the diffusion of the lofty values of Islam, the fundamental principles of the modern democratic societies, and the universal standards of the Human Rights.
The recently held 8th Doha Forum on Democracy, Development, and Free Trade highlighted precisely the global importance of Qatar, and the interconnectedness among Democracy, Free Economy and Development. It is certainly not a matter of coincidence that among the honorable speakers there was no one from ´Ethiopia´. By this, I do not imply that there are no political leaders, academia and intellectuals originating from that country who could ever be invited in the Doha Forum. On the contrary, there are many; but they are all abroad, having either escaped or been exiled.
As a Historian specialized in the History of the Middle East and Northeastern Africa, I feel obliged to highlight several points that illuminate better the absurd decision of the Zenawi administration to break off diplomatic ties with Qatar.
The baseless decision has however nothing to do with the dramatic difference in terms of economic coordinates; certainly there is a reflection of reality in the fact that with a population 80 times larger than that of Qatar, ´Ethiopia´ fails to outperform your country in terms of GDP (Qatar US $ 57.7 b and ´Ethiopia´ US $ 55 b; https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/qa.html).
The existing interconnectedness between Development and Democracy, as aforementioned, explains the above figures. In fact both, Democracy and Development, are absent from ´Ethiopia´. Today, ´Ethiopia´ consists undisputedly in the world´s most problematic country, being the world´s most tyrannical state, deeply loathed by no less than 82% of its entire population!
Ethiopia – A fallacious name for Abyssinia, chosen to ease totalitarian rule
The country that broke off diplomatic ties with Qatar is not entitled to the historical name of Ethiopia. Its correct name is Abyssinia (Habasha in Arabic). The Ancient Greek and Latin name ´Ethiopia´ (lit. the country of the burnt face people, made out of a metaphor for ´Black´) was attributed to the country at the immediate south of Egypt, Ancient Sudan. The authentic name of that country, Kas, has been found in Egyptian Hieroglyphic, Assyrian – Babylonian cuneiform (Kus, Mat Kusi), and Ancient Hebrew (Cush) texts. In the Bible, wherever Cush stands in the Hebrew text, Aithiopia / Aethiopia stands in the Septuaginta Greek translation, and in the Vulgata Latin translation.
The Ancient Kingdom of Cush developed civilization, religion, scripture, literature, fine arts, architecture, and sciences in different historical periods, namely the Kerma Kingdom period (2600 – 1500 BCE), the Cushitic period (850 – 500 BCE), and the Meroitic period (450 BCE – 350 CE). With capital at Kerma, Karima (Napata) or Bagrawiyah (Meroe), never did the Cushitic Kingdom expand over territory that was in more recent periods under the control of Abyssinia. The populations of Ancient Ethiopia (Cush) are the ancestors of the Cushitic majority in today´s Abyssinia.
However, today´s Cushites do not rule Abyssinia that before 200 years was much smaller (one tenth of its present size) and inhabited almost exclusively by Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians, who are of Semitic Yemenite origin; the name Habashat has been found in Ancient Yemenite (South Arabic) inscriptions of pre-Islamic times as the name of one of the then existing Yemenite tribes. The expansion of the small Abyssinian Kingdom brought during the 19th and the 20th centuries a great number of African, Cushitic and Nilo-Saharan, nations under the dictatorial control of the Abyssinians.