On a recent road trip I found myself on a brief stop in Eureka, Illinois, a small, tree-lined town of modest hills in the central part of the state. Eureka is the home of Eureka College, the alma mater of former President Ronald Reagan. With some time to spare, I decided to visit the Ronald Reagan Museum on the college's campus.
The museum's tribute to the college's most famous C-student graduate is modest in size. Among the collected letters and memorabilia on display there is little to dispel Reagan's reputation as an intellectual lightweight. Hollywood memorabilia, yes, rigorously delineated expositions of political thought, well, not exactly. Instead, dewy letters to Nancy and movie publicity photos (including that one with Bonzo the chimpanzee) charm visitors from under glass.
But there was one item I found intriguing. An old vinyl record album from 1961 displayed a dapper Reagan posed next to a provocative title: "Ronald Reagan Speaks Out Against Socialized Medicine." Reagan's concern on the recording was a bill then in Congress to finance medical care for all Americans over age 65. This was the legislative initiative that in 1965 would become law as Medicare.
As a "free-market" ideologue, Reagan ludicrously painted the Medicare initiative as just a short step from the dreaded future of the Bolshevik collective (or, at least, the socialism of Norman Thomas and the Socialist Party). The recorded speech was also more than just a personal project by a crackpot voice from the right-wing wilderness. In fact, Reagan's lecture on the evils of "socialized medicine" was sponsored by the American Medical Association (AMA).
It's hardly a news flash that this C-student turned B-movie actor was already earning an F in social policy long before his see-no-evil act as the President in denial of the AIDS pandemic. For a career spent regurgitating folksy bromides about freedom, fair play, and other nice ideals, the old studio actor in truth was never more than a facile card reader for America's most well-heeled and rewarded. When it comes to health care, Reagan spoke for those who needn't bother themselves with such trivialities as the cost of monthly health insurance premiums, co-payments, deductibles, and other concerns more suitable to "the help" who ran Reagan's ranch.
The story of Reagan's LP recording against the dangers of socialized medicine is resurrected in Michael Moore's new film, SiCKO. It's one of many educational lessons Moore offers from the sordid story of how American health care has long been sacrificed to the greed and folly of the "free market." In SiCKO, it's also mostly "the help" who do the talking. From customer service reps for managed care to a retired machinist with heart problems to cancer patients and injured 9/11 volunteers, Moore lets ordinary Americans bring to life the broken reality of our health care system. He takes the same approach when he investigates national health care in Canada, England, France, and Cuba. In these countries he discovers regular folks and medical personnel who consider universal, government-sponsored health care as indelible a part of the civic landscape as the way Americans might view their local fire department.
Give Moore credit. With SiCKO he has overnight taken the proposal for single-payer, government sponsored national health care from the fringes of national political debate to center stage. In doing so he brands for-profit health care as immoral, and calls for the elimination of insurance companies from the health care system. It's a tour de force exposition of the perversity of turning health care into a commodity. More positively, SiCKO is an exposition of social democratic values that say society has an obligation to care for people in time of need. In this sense, SiCKO is less a movie about health care "reform" than a bold and brilliant vision of what our society could be, if only human needs came before profit.
SiCKO also puts to shame the mostly turgid debates over health care "reform" that have long hung over the stale air of American politics. In truth, the last quarter century both major parties have basically acquiesced while corporate America colonized the health care system. Even the Clinton administration's complicated mess of a reform initiative sought in the end to preserve the insurance-based system, seeking a more rigorous "managed competition" of employers and insurers for the benefit of expanded coverage. The plan's fatal mistake was that it was a conundrum built on a desire for compromise with the insurance industry. But instead of compromising the industry declared war, opposing what they viewed as unholy government interference in their pursuit of profit.
Fast forward 14 years and Hilary Clinton is now a favorite of health care and insurance lobbyists, recipient of more of their campaign money than any other candidate. But so also are Democratic candidates Barack Obama and John Edwards, both of whom predictably propose health care reforms that keep insurers in the medical profit loop. As for the Republican candidates, well, they're all insured, so what do they care about reform?
Some critics of SiCKO complain that Moore doesn't allow the health insurers to defend themselves on-screen. Nor does Moore address the complexities or problems of national health care in other countries. True, but so what? As Moore notes, Americans are already exposed constantly to the health industry's point of view, thanks to multi-million dollar public relations campaigns. As for national health care in Canada, France, England, and Cuba, Moore seems justifiably more concerned with simply demonstrating the basic viability of national health care. In this two-hour movie, SiCKO shows Americans that free, guaranteed health care paid for by the government is not only possible but basically works. When has a mass American audience ever been exposed to that idea before?
Of course, with a message like this, expect a backlash. Take "hip" MTV correspondent Kurt Loder. He calls Moore a "socialist con man" for touting single-payer health care, informing us that the French system Moore praises is troubled with a $2.7 billion deficit. Ironically, that's about how much the Bush Administration spends every 9 days on military action in Iraq. But don't hold your breath for Loder (he called Moore's 2003 Oscar antiwar acceptance a "witless flip-out") or other conservative opponents of national health care to apply the same fiscal criteria to brand the Iraq war as unworkable.
Apparently it's sufficient for the Rolling Stone contributing editor to assume France's deficit just has to be the result of the inherent boogey of government social programs, eliminating any need to actually analyze the contradictions of French society. Some French unions point out that lower wages, unemployment, and recent large tax breaks to business have depleted public contributions to the social security system that manages the health services. The French government itself cites longer life expectancies, improved (and more expensive) medical care, and increased pharmaceutical costs for contributing to the deficit.
No doubt socialized health care in France, England, and Canada faces political challenges from the right. New French President Nicolas Sarkozy has declared his intent to reduce social spending, touting the prevailing corporate wisdom that for France to remain "competitive" in a global economy, the public must accept lower living standards. But whether France will embrace the downward spiral of the world's middle class, sacrificing a 35-hour workweek for the 48-hour workweek of Indians, or 16 weeks paid maternity leave for the 12 weeks unpaid leave of the United States, is a political matter to be determined by the French people.
More SiCKO backlash comes from writer Gen LaGreca, whose viewpoint essay for the Bloomington, Illinois Pantagraph (July 1, 2007) expresses incredulity that Moore thinks people have actually a "right" to health care "simply because they need it." LaGreca compares a national health care system to the government dispensing Belgian chocolates and filet mignon to the public under a mythical state "Foodcare" program. If the health care system has deteriorated, she says, it's because of the "despotism" of "crippling regulation." For this libertarian writer it seems that the revolt against tyranny begins with the rallying cry: No One Has the Right to Health Care! It's apparently enough in some circles now to just club the poor, huddled masses to death with your barbarian ideology.
SiCKO is a humanitarian antidote to such wretched thinking. But excluding the "free-market" ideology freaks, the SiCKO backlash is mostly rather tepid. Perhaps that's because when it comes to affordable health care, even many conservatives can't help but recognize that the system is in trouble. SiCKO is also an antidote to all the policy experts whose "expert opinion" always seems to come down on the side of suggesting solutions-any solution, but preferably complicated solutions-as long as it prevents the idea of single-payer, national health care from ever being taken seriously.
Sometimes this game of political obfuscation involves catchy soundbites. Take Michael F. Cannon, director of health policy studies for the libertarian CATO Institute, who in 2004 told Fox News host Bill O'Reilly: "The problem is not that we have 43 or 45 million Americans without health insurance. The problem is that we have 280 million Americans without health savings accounts."
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