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Was it Nanotech-Thermite or Phasers that took down the WTC?

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A recently published article in an online science journal has come to the conclusion that minute flakes of thermite have been identified in particle samples collected at the site of the World Trade Center collapse.

The article entitled “Active Thermitic Material Discovered in Dust from the 9/11 World Trade Center Catastrophe” was recently published in “The Open Chemical Physics Journal,” which is part of the Bentham Open Science Publishers group of journals.

Researchers from Denmark, the United States and Australia reported that dust samples collected near the collapsed World Trade Center complex contained iron oxide and aluminum flakes whose chemical composition was consistent with unburned thermite.

The researchers used a number of techniques to analyze the chips including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy (XEDS), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC).

The researchers used supposed samples of the dust that spread over lower Manhattan after the WTC buildings collapsed. Several samples that had been kept by residents for years as “souvenirs” of the disaster were given to the researchers between 2006 and 2008, many years after the disaster. This raises serious “chain of custody” issues for the evidence which would almost certainly preclude the samples from being used in a court of law. But assuming the samples were valid, there are many more serious issues with the work of this research group.

First, with regard to the idea that this work was published in a “peer reviewed scientific journal”, it should be noted that the Open Chemical Physics Journal is a pay-to-publish online-only journal that has published a total of 12 articles in its history. They have no track record, and no impact factor in the field. In essence, they are a vanity publisher for scientists who can’t get their work published anywhere else. To call them a peer-reviewed science journal is a real stretch.


Before I get into details about why this work is so poorly done, and why the interpretations of the researchers are so suspect, it is important to state that the thermite argument was put forward by these same researchers years ago, and the idea was fully debunked years ago. See for example here: http://www.911myths.com/WTCTHERM.pdf.

The researchers found unusual looking “red/grey chips” that could be collected with magnets in all of the WTC dust samples given to them. One particularly unusual finding in this research article was that the percentage of "red/gray chips" of supposedly "unreacted thermite" amounted to approximately 0.1% of the total mass of the collected dust. Assuming that most of the "thermite" would have burned when set off, and only a fraction remained unreacted, then the amount of 0.1% of the total dust is astounding. It translates to tens or even hundreds of thousands of tons (assuming many millions of tons of building materials total, see page 23, para 3 of the article).

It is no small coincidence that the major components that the researchers detected in the red and grey chips include iron, aluminum, oxygen, silica, and carbon, since these relate to the primary building materials that the WTC was constructed from. The girders were steel, which rusts to iron oxide, the façade was aluminum, and the floors were concrete. The traces of calcium and sulfur could easily be from wallboard (calcium sulfate), as the authors themselves conclude. 

The chips that they analyzed were thin flakes, often only microns thick (a micron is 1/1000 of a millimeter). They all had a grey layer, and a red layer. The grey layers were said to be composed of iron oxide based on the X-ray dispersive spectroscopy, which seems somewhat unusual, since most iron oxide is red in color, not grey (one form of naturally occurring hematite is metallic grey). The red layer of the chips was said to be composed of carbon, with added iron, aluminum, silicon and oxygen, and lesser amounts of sodium, calcium, and potassium. This is not the composition of thermite. 

X-ray dispersive spectroscopy can tell you what elements are in a sample, but not what molecules those elements are incorporated into. Any sample of dust from the WTC collapse would contain similar amounts of these elements because those are the primary elements that made up the steel superstructure, concrete flooring, aluminum facade and other building materials (not to mention the aluminum fuselage of the aircraft).

There is no thermite product on earth that is made up of thin sheets of grey layers of iron oxide and red layers of carbon with iron and aluminum oxides. In fact, to burn at high temperatures, thermite must contain large amounts of unoxidized aluminum, rather than aluminum oxide. The researchers did not determine if the aluminum present in their samples was oxidized aluminum, or unoxidized aluminum. The researchers get around the fact that their samples did not look like thermite under the microscope by suggesting that is was a form of "nanotechnology enhanced super-thermite". How could there have been tens of thousands of tons of "nanotechnology enhanced super-thermite" in these buildings? 

The researchers also showed that the chips could be ignited, and that they burned at a lower temperature than normal thermite. This is of course not surprising since metals such as aluminum do burn if they are complexed with oxidizing agents, and are heated enough. Rust is an oxidizing agent if heated high enough, and is the oxidizing constituent of many types of thermite.

It is also important to note that thermite is not explosive, and it is difficult to ignite. It also often burns relatively slowly, and not uniformly, making it a very poor choice for building demolition. In building demolition, you need high explosive cutting charges that usually are carefully placed in holes drilled deep into the structures to be severed. Putting a thin coat of thermite onto a structural element, as suggested by the fact that all of the red/grey chips found in the dust samples were very thin flakes, would not result in the reliable cutting of support structures that would be required to bring the WTC down.

It is also interesting that when the red layer of the chips was analyzed by backscattered electron imaging, that the signals for iron and oxygen did not overlap well. If the material was thermite, the iron would be present almost exclusively as iron oxide, and the images for the iron atoms and oxygen atoms should have overlapped very well.

The two things that most Americans can agree on about 9/11 is that the official story is not credible, and that the Bush administration was hiding something. But that’s where agreement ends. Some people believe that explosive cutting charges were planted in the buildings, and detonated in sequence to bring the buildings down in their own footprints. Others believe that nanotechnology enhanced thermite was packed into the buildings, and that it was ignited to weaken the structures until they fell. Still others, like Dr. Judy Wood, believe that the US used directed energy weapons to destabilize the molecular structure of the buildings, thus causing them to collapse into atomic dust.

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http://www.n-acetylaspartate.com

John R. Moffett PhD is a research neuroscientist in the Washington, DC area. Dr. Moffett's main area of research focuses on the brain metabolite N-acetylaspartate, and an associated genetic disorder known as Canavan disease.


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Anyone paying any attention to the facts will... by Michael Lee on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 5:49:34 PM
Michael, Dr. Moffett is a mainstream scientist. Th... by Bill Cain on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:03:40 PM
It's a hoax to distract people from what reall... by CB Brooklyn on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:13:53 PM
click here... by Michael Lee on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:34:13 PM
... but what if the evidence is fabricated? Let&#... by CB Brooklyn on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 11:53:24 PM
1. The yellow-orange piece is solid, therefore is ... by Michael Lee on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:47:29 AM
Molecular dissociation and melting are not the sam... by CB Brooklyn on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 3:50:46 PM
some information as to the refined technology on t... by Patrick Lafferty on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 1:41:48 PM
Two unexplained "spikes" in the seismic ... by William Whitten on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 6:48:01 PM
From Utah, I traveled to Davis, California where I... by William Whitten on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:03:10 PM
Well, Mr. Moffett shocked me in that he actually &... by Tom Murphy on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 6:03:01 PM
What do you think it was that brought down the Wor... by Nick van Nes on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 6:26:51 PM
This was a wonderful encapsulation of the matter. ... by J. Edward Tremlett on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 8:09:30 PM
"It is also important to note that thermite i... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 8:50:57 PM
I took a look at your background and it makes what... by Steven Leser on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:05:14 PM
What does Neuroscience have to do with molecular c... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:24:48 PM
second, you are making a straw man argument. My st... by Steven Leser on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:01:11 PM
... forum to do so, PM the person you wish to spea... by Mr M on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 10:47:06 AM
Or wondering where my support base is?... by Steven Leser on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:51:31 PM
and why? Just wondering.... by Better World Order on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 12:42:23 AM
"What does Neuroscience have to do with molec... by Tom Murphy on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:10:39 PM
As far as Bentham being some cheesy pay for peer f... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:54:56 PM
...believe because they choose to believe, and, be... by Dave Hunter on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 9:58:28 AM
Don't fall for the thermite propaganda. It'... by CB Brooklyn on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:09:28 PM
CB - I went all the way back to one of the webs... by Steven Leser on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:11:07 PM
we get this. Notice the glitches when the plane ho... by CB Brooklyn on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 12:02:51 AM
and Dr. Legge has replied as well. Excellent point... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:17:07 PM
Collection of Notes and Questions for Steven E Jon... by CB Brooklyn on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 9:29:52 PM
You know what Brooklyn, I am only going to engage ... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:04:19 PM
This is an excellent article.  I have al... by Jeffrey Rock on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 10:36:37 PM
Perhaps you might explain, Mr. Rock, how an econom... by William Whitten on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 11:05:55 PM
You just can't leave a statement out there like th... by Mr M on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 9:47:53 AM
If it's so easy then get on with it.... by Maxwell on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:53:35 AM
Dr. Moffett says:"In fact, to burn at high te... by Jeffrey King on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 11:19:06 PM
Those attempting to debunk this work are attemptin... by William Whitten on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 2:25:56 AM
First, considering most, if not all established pu... by Mr M on Wednesday, Apr 15, 2009 at 11:47:18 PM
that day I rememberd to turn on that thing you cal... by shadow dancer on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 1:31:41 AM
The two things that most Americans can agree on ab... by Perry Logan on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:14:32 AM
Your post is a howler.... by Ms Nan on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:25:59 AM
If the "truth movement" is a howler, what does tha... by Maxwell on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:56:47 AM
Your thinking process is so convoluted as to be pa... by Mr M on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 9:36:58 AM
Perry does provide us painful yet valuable insight... by Patrick Lafferty on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 12:39:54 PM
You are made of stronger stuff than I. Althoug... by Mr M on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 11:00:00 PM
My own degree is in literature, not engineering, b... by Carol Cleveland on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 8:53:36 AM
Let's not forget that even the name 'al-Qaeda' is ... by Jeffrey King on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 10:59:28 AM
one of the biggest piles of manure ever perpetrate... by Patrick Lafferty on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 12:23:24 PM
My own degree is in literature, not engineering, b... by Carol Cleveland on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 10:45:04 AM
Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth is now u... by Jeffrey King on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:13:39 AM
The only real problem for me with the Jones et al ... by Maxwell on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:48:54 AM
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under your beret. Anyway I'm sure you have investi... by Patrick Lafferty on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 3:55:47 PM
The Major just wants us to join him in the wonderf... by William Whitten on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 5:08:35 PM
So much piss for science to elaborate on a tiny mo... by Patrick Lafferty on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:48:55 PM
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Mr. Whitten, in these trying economic times, foili... by Tom Murphy on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 8:08:03 PM
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Kevlar or Cobham body protection, but hope you wil... by Patrick Lafferty on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 8:13:38 AM
The essay is shot with holes. The most serious has... by gravity32 on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 12:25:11 PM
Know science ;)... by jersey girl on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 7:58:20 PM
I had no idea thermites were involved with 9-11. &... by Mad Jayhawk on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 9:43:58 PM
...you made me chuckle Mr.Mad... by William Whitten on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 10:07:20 PM
I will never be your equal Mr Wit. ;)... by Mad Jayhawk on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 1:02:16 AM
The so called "Debunking" site you refer... by Chris Sarns on Thursday, Apr 16, 2009 at 11:19:45 PM
More obvious than any theory of what took down the... by David Chandler on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 12:05:33 AM
They are no ordinary material. Moffett raises... by Better World Order on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 1:20:07 AM
A busy thread. Yes, the thermite paper doesn't... by Andrew Johnson on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 4:33:51 AM
"So again, we have a muddle-up."--Andrew Johnson ... by William Whitten on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 8:43:07 AM
Where's your court affidavit? Where's your websit... by Andrew Johnson on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 11:42:10 AM
Ha ha ha...."Show me you papers!!" [in the German ... by William Whitten on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 2:59:27 PM
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When "I popped up" is not really part of the evide... by Andrew Johnson on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 2:26:21 PM
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You thought I should have been more specific to "a... by Patrick Lafferty on Friday, Apr 17, 2009 at 7:54:06 PM
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I checked your info. Very focused. Thanks. My theo... by Patrick Lafferty on Saturday, Apr 18, 2009 at 2:25:40 PM
After 100 hours of research, I found mini-nukes, c... by Russ Hallberg on Monday, Apr 20, 2009 at 2:17:07 AM
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Mr Moffett showed his true colors when he used a d... by hommedespoir on Monday, May 4, 2009 at 11:38:04 PM