Refresh  
Add this Page to Facebook!   Submit to Twitter   Submit to Reddit   Submit to Stumble Upon   Pin It!   Fark It!   Tell A Friend  
Printer Friendly Page Save As Favorite Save As Favorite View Article Stats
2 comments

Exclusive to OpEdNews:
OpEdNews Op Eds

The Mavi Marmara: Israel, Turkey and Justice

By (about the author)     Permalink       (Page 1 of 2 pages)
Related Topic(s): ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; , Add Tags Add to My Group(s)

Must Read 4   Well Said 4   Valuable 4  
View Ratings | Rate It

Headlined to H2 6/10/14
Become a Fan
  (1 fan)

opednews.com

Audrey Bomse, Legal Advisor, Free Gaza, Co-chair, National Lawyers Guild, Palestine Sub-Committee

Greta Berlin, Co-founder, Free Gaza movement, Editor/Author, Freedom Sailors


Freedom Flotilla Banner in Ireland, 2010
(image by Free Gaza movement)

Four years ago, Israeli commandos attacked the MaviMarmara and five other ships in the Freedom Flotilla, in international waters, while they were heading to Gaza. The Flotilla, which Free Gaza helped organize along with the Turkish charity, IHH Humanitarian Relief Foundation, was determined to break the blockade of Gaza and bring humanitarian aid to the people there. Eight Turks and one American were killed on board the Comoros-flagged Mavi Marmara ( a tenth man recently died from his wounds) and many others on all the ships were injured, some seriously.

On 26 May 2014, the Istanbul Criminal Court issued arrest warrants for four former Israel military officials who ordered the 2010deadly commando raid. They are: Israel's former Military Chief of Staff, Gabi Ashkenazi, former Navy Chief, Eliezer Marom, former Military Intelligence Chief, Amos Yadlin, and former Naval Intelligence Chief, Avishai Levy

These arrest warrants are historic - the first time a criminal court has sought to hold Israeli officials accountable for their criminal acts against civilians.

According to the Court, the warrants are necessary because the defendants are fugitives, having failed to appear at the hearings or otherwise respond to the Court's summons. If any of these officers enters Turkey, he will be arrested. More importantly, the Turkish government can request the extradition of any of them should they enter a country with an extradition agreement with Turkey -- including the United States.

The Turkish Court is still preparing the arrest warrants to send to the Ministry of Justice for it to forward to Interpol with a request that international Red Notices for the arrest of the Israeli officers be issued so they can stand trial in Turkey. Should Interpol publish the international arrest warrants, the former Israeli officers would be under threat of arrest in all 190 countries that are members of Interpol.

According to the Turkish Penal Code, the Israeli officials are charged with intentional homicide, attempted murder, deliberately injuring, plundering, piracy, damage to property and deprivation of liberty The prosecution has demanded life sentences for the four, based on 33 complaints lodged by the victims' families .

The trial began on November 6, 2012, and several hearings have taken place over the past 18 months. The court heard testimony from 490 individuals, including family members of those killed as well as activists from 37 countries who appeared as victims and witnesses.

Israel hasalreadyappealed to Interpol not to honor the arrest warrants, alleging that the Turkish Court's ruling is "tainted by political motives."

What affect will the Turkish Court ruling have on the referral of Comoros to the International Criminal Court regarding the criminal attack on the Flotilla?

Comoros referred the Israeli attack on the Mavi Marmara (considered to be Comoros territory because it flew its flag) to the ICC in May 2013. One year later, no decision has been made by the ICC Prosecutor whether to begin an investigation. In May 2014, a team of UK international criminal law experts joined the legal team in to pursue justice for the victims through the ICC processes. The team is headed by Professor Sir Geoffrey Nice QC, who participated in the prosecution of Slobodan Milošević, the former Serbian President. The team met with ICC Prosecutor Bensouda, and she remarked that the referral was "controversial" She advised that she would make a decision whether to open an investigation in the next couple of weeks.

The victims, through their lawyers, made clear that controversial is not a good reason for the ICC to fail to administer justice, and urged the Prosecutor to immediately begin conducting a full investigation. They insist that the allegations are serious enough to warrant ICC attention, especially when seen in the context of the protracted armed conflict and humanitarian crisis in Gaza.

The implications of the latest developments in Turkey for the pending ICC referral are unclear. According to the principle of complementarity enshrined in the Rome Statute, the ICC is a court of last resort, in case national trial procedures are not available or prove to be ineffective.

Since a Turkish criminal court is actively pursuing the matter, it could affect the ICC Prosecutor's decision whether to open an investigation. The ICC will not intervene if relevant national authorities are conducting genuine investigations or prosecutions - and this might be used, in good faith or not, by the ICC Prosecutor, to delay her decision, or even to reject jurisdiction. However, if the arrest warrants cannot be served on the Israeli defendants and they are not brought to face the charges, it would show the impossibility of the Turkish national prosecution obtaining justice - and indicate that ICC prosecution is necessary.

Israel has already shown itself incapable of objectively investigating and prosecuting its former top officials. The Turkel Commission report issued in January 2011 "cleared the government and military of wrongdoing," saying that the "passengers were to blame for the violence."

Next Page  1  |  2

 

Take action -- click here to contact your local newspaper or congress people:
The Mavi Marmara: Israel, Turkey and Justice

Click here to see the most recent messages sent to congressional reps and local newspapers

Greta Berlin is one of the founders of the Free Gaza Movement and was on board the Free Gaza when it sailed to Gaza in August 2008 bearing the first internationals in 41 years to reach the besieged strip of Mediterranean territory. She is a (more...)
 
Add this Page to Facebook!   Submit to Twitter   Submit to Reddit   Submit to Stumble Upon   Pin It!   Fark It!   Tell A Friend

The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.

Writers Guidelines

Contact Author Contact Editor View Authors' Articles

Most Popular Articles by this Author:     (View All Most Popular Articles by this Author)

The Mavi Marmara: Israel, Turkey and Justice

We Will Not Be Silent

Israel Has Outsoiurced the Illegal Blockade to Greece

Comments

The time limit for entering new comments on this article has expired.

This limit can be removed. Our paid membership program is designed to give you many benefits, such as removing this time limit. To learn more, please click here.

Comments: Expand   Shrink   Hide  
2 people are discussing this page, with 2 comments
To view all comments:
Expand Comments
(Or you can set your preferences to show all comments, always)

As we wait to hear whether Turkey has issued the a... by Greta Berlin on Tuesday, Jun 10, 2014 at 11:35:25 AM
What this world needs are zionist hunters. We need... by Bill Johnson on Tuesday, Jun 10, 2014 at 8:55:34 PM