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Gas Chambers, Chemical Warfare, Blindings, Mass Bombing and Shelling Civilians -- Where do you Draw the Line?

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A version of this article originally published on AlterNet

From youtube.com/watch?v=NQUll8r_tKM: Gaza: Deaths at Jebalya school after Israeli strike
Gaza: Deaths at Jebalya school after Israeli strike
(image by YouTube)
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Note: This message is addressed to U.S. supporters of Israel both because only U.S. pressure can bring about the political settlement which alone can save Israel and Palestine, and because it appears that most Israelis -- consumed by fear, hatred and the dehumanization of even Palestinian children -- are presently impervious to either reason or human decency.

Dear U.S. Supporters of Israel in Gaza,

If you believed that the IDF could destroy Hamas by employing portable gas chambers or chemical weapons to publicly gas over 1,400 Gazan civilians, including 400 children, chosen at random -- or deliberately blinding them -- would you favor doing so? I guess not, perhaps you even feel insulted at the suggestion that you might.

But this raises a basic question: if you would not favor gassing Palestinan civilians, how do you justify your support for blowing them to bits? The controversial issue is not Israel trying to destroy Hamas tunnels. Nor is it the attempt to destroy rockets, as if the Israelis can claim that they reasonably suspected the 46-48,000 U.N.-estimated buildings they either partially or totally destroyed of containing rockets. Nor is it rightfully condemning Hamas for rocketing civilian targets as well.

As even long-term apologists for Israeli violence like the New Republic's Leon Wieseltier acknowledge, the issue is massive Israeli bombing and shelling of the civilian infrastructure in Gaza, which is wholly disproportionate to combating tunnels and/or rockets.

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It is the actual massive bombing and shelling of Gaza's civilian infrastructure that raises the basic question: as a human being, where do you draw the line? How do you justify to yourself your support for mass misery inflicted on hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians through a bombing and shelling campaign that -- whatever its stated intent -- not only murdered 1,400 civilians and maimed thousands more, but destroyed hospitals, schools, businesses, and Gaza's only power station, plunging all 1.8 million Gazans into darkness and depriving them even of drinking water, created over 400,000 refugees, and traumatized a U.N.-estimated 373,000 children? (Please see "The Civilian Impact of Israel's 2014 Attack on Gaza" below. Your own integrity requires that you at least acknowledge the facts rather than, as do so many of Israel's supporters, accept at face-value Israeli claims that it sought to avoid civilian destruction.)

I answered such questions for myself 45 years ago, when I discovered that civilians were well over 90% of the victims of U.S. leaders' mass bombing of northern Laos. I concluded then that there is never any moral or legal justification for mass bombing or shelling of civilians. Period. Full Stop.

The "World Can't Wait" website has just posted a PowerPoint presentation on the years-long bombing of northern Laos, perhaps the worst unknown crime of the 20th century. It combines an analysis of automated war, the writings of the rice-farmers who suffered most and were heard from least, and my personal story on discovering and trying to expose it to the world. A Laos mother summed up the nature of mass bombing of civilians for all time: "There was danger as the sound of airplanes led me to be terribly, terribly afraid of dying. When looking at the faces of my children who were losing the so very precious happiness of childhood I would grow increasingly miserable. In reality, whatever happens, it is the innocent who suffer."

The question of protecting civilians in wartime far transcends the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: it is a basic measurement of the progress of human civilization itself. What is at stake in your support for Israel's recent attacks on Gaza is not only Israel's humanity, but your own.

There are two basic questions regarding warfare: (1) whether a given war is considered legitimate, e.g., whether it is "aggressive war"; and (2) how civilians are treated once a war is launched. These are two distinct questions -- even if you consider a given war legitimate -- there is no moral or legal justification for waging it in a way that mainly murders and maims civilians.

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The evolution of international law on this question, beginning with the 1907 Hague Convention, has been slow and painful. But it is today unequivocal: waging war in a way that results primarily in civilian deaths and damage is a punishable war crime. Article 85 of the 1949 Geneva Conventions states categorically that "the following acts shall be regarded as grave breaches of this Protocol " launching an indiscriminate attack affecting the civilian population or civilian objects in the knowledge that such attack will cause excessive loss of life, injury to civilians or damage to civilian objects" -- a precise description of Israeli bombing and shelling in Gaza.

Israel claims that it is justified in maiming and murdering civilians because Hamas is using them as "human shields." But it must be understood: there is always a military and political rationale for bombing civilians. In Laos, Deputy CIA Director James Lilley explained that though North Vietnamese soldiers were not in the villages they would hide there if the U.S. didn't bomb civilians. Prime Minister Nethanyahu today offers a similar rationale for mass civilian murder.

Other rationales include hoping that mass murder of civilians will turn the population against their leaders, as when former Israeli General Amos Yadlin stated in the New York Times that Israel must bomb partly so that "Gaza's people (are) given the chance to elect new leaders." And, as the U.S. Senate Refugee Subcommittee concluded after visiting Laos, the bombing's purpose was to hurt the enemy by destroying its " social and economic infrastructure." This was also General Curtis Lemay's basic rationale for burning alive more than 100,000 Japanese civilians in the firebombing of Tokyo on March 9, 1945, an act for which Lemay acknowledged at the time, and his assistant Robert McNamara later also admitted, was a war crime -- for which they should have been executed. (Please see Note 1 below.)

And it is precisely because there is always a rationale for bombing civilians that the progress of human civilization is largely measured by the extent to which civilians are protected in times of war from indiscriminate bombing and shelling, and that those who violate these rules are prosecuted for crimes of war. Protecting civilians against indiscriminate murder, in short, is not only a question of war. It is a measure of your own humanity.

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Fred Branfman's writing has been published in the New York Times, the Washington Post, Harper's, and many other publications. He is the author of Voices From the Plain of Jars

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So? Bombing Civilians or launching "Aggressive War... by Paul Repstock on Wednesday, Aug 20, 2014 at 4:01:00 PM
Have to agree 100% with Paul's post.I also find it... by Eddy Schmid on Friday, Aug 22, 2014 at 2:10:29 AM