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Why Gaza must suffer again -- The four guilty parties behind Israel's attack

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The other difference is that, unlike Nissim and his family, most people in Gaza have nowhere else to flee. And the reason that they must live under the rain of bombs in one of the most densely populated areas on earth is because Israel -- and to a lesser extent Egypt -- has sealed the borders to create a prison for them.

Israel has denied Gaza a port, control of its airspace and the right of its inhabitants to move to the other Palestinian territory recognised by the Oslo accords, the West Bank. It is not, as Israel's supporters allege, that Hamas is hiding among Palestinian civilians; rather, Israel has forced Palestinian civilians to live in a tiny strip of land that Israel turned into a war zone.

So who is chiefly to blame for the escalation that currently threatens the nearly two million inhabitants of Gaza? Though Hamas' hands are not entirely clean, there are culprits far more responsible than the Palestinian militants.

First Culprit: The State of Israel

The inciting cause of the latest confrontation between Israel and Hamas has little to do with the firing of rockets, whether by Hamas or the other Palestinian factions.

The conflict predates the rockets -- and even the creation of Hamas -- by decades. It is the legacy of Israel's dispossession of Palestinians in 1948, forcing many of them from their homes in what is now Israel into the tiny Gaza Strip. That original injustice has been compounded by the occupation Israel has not only failed to end but has actually intensified in recent years with its relentless siege of the small strip of territory.

Israel has been progressively choking the life out of Gaza, destroying its economy, periodically wrecking its infrastructure, denying its inhabitants freedom of movement and leaving its population immiserated.

One only needs to look at the restrictions on Gazans' access to their own sea. Here we are not considering their right to use their own coast to leave and enter their territory, simply their right to use their own waters to feed themselves. According to one provision of the Oslo accords, Gaza was given fishing rights up to 20 miles off its shore. Israel has slowly whittled that down to just three miles, with Israeli navy vessels firing on fishing boats even inside that paltry limit.

Palestinians in Gaza are entitled to struggle for their right to live and prosper. That struggle is a form of self-defence -- not aggression -- against occupation, oppression, colonialism and imperialism.

Second Culprit: Binyamin Netanyahu and Ehud Barak

The Israeli prime minister and defense minister have taken a direct and personal hand, above and beyond Israel's wider role in enforcing the occupation, in escalating the violence.

Israel and its supporters always make it their first priority when Israel launches a new war of aggression to obscure the timeline of events as a way to cloud responsibility. The media willingly regurgitates such efforts at misdirection.

In reality, Israel engineered a confrontation to provide the pretext for a "retaliatory" attack, just as it did four years earlier in Operation Cast Lead. Then Israel broke a six-month ceasefire agreed with Hamas by staging a raid into Gaza that killed six Hamas members.

This time, on 8 November, Israel achieved the same end by invading Gaza again, on this occasion following a two-week lull in tensions. A 13-year-old boy out playing football was killed by an Israeli bullet.

Tit-for-tat violence over the following days resulted in the injury of eight Israelis, including four soldiers, and the deaths of five Palestinian civilians, and the wounding of dozens more in Gaza.

On November 12, as part of efforts to calm things down, the Palestinian militant factions agreed to a truce that held two days -- until Israel broke it by assassinating Hamas military leader Ahmed Jabari. The rockets out of Gaza that followed these various Israeli provocations have been misrepresented as the casus belli.

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Jonathan Cook is a writer and journalist based in Nazareth, Israel. He is the 2011 winner of the Martha Gellhorn Special Prize for Journalism. His latest books are "Israel and the Clash of Civilisations: Iraq, Iran and the Plan to Remake the Middle East" (Pluto Press) and "Disappearing Palestine: (more...)

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For spamming... by Sister Begonia on Sunday, Nov 18, 2012 at 7:30:59 PM
To anybody who'd post this on this page: you deser... by Mort Persky on Sunday, Nov 18, 2012 at 10:11:42 PM
after someone brings it to the attention of the ed... by Don Caldarazzo on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 4:02:11 PM
I can see that I was right on target (no pun inten... by Sister Begonia on Sunday, Nov 18, 2012 at 8:28:38 PM
What about the uptick in Rockets coming out of Gaz... by Matthew Jacobs on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 1:45:47 PM
Because unlike those whose eyes can only see "the ... by Sister Begonia on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 2:43:19 PM
Misplaced pride.... by Ronald J Riley on Wednesday, Nov 21, 2012 at 8:50:13 PM
...your optically-challenged tautologically-short-... by Michael Rose on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 6:14:18 PM
once-noble Palestinian tribes ? What palestinian ... by Matthew Jacobs on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 9:02:54 PM
If only some decent human intelligence ruled from ... by Michael Rose on Tuesday, Nov 20, 2012 at 6:10:08 AM
You say Krystallnacht like you understand the reas... by Matthew Jacobs on Wednesday, Nov 21, 2012 at 11:43:16 PM
Several of us have attempted intelligent answers y... by Michael Rose on Thursday, Nov 22, 2012 at 1:02:08 AM
You are aware that many Arabs did not heed the Gra... by Matthew Jacobs on Monday, Nov 19, 2012 at 4:21:56 PM
And you have no idea what State off Grace is...Do ... by Matthew Jacobs on Wednesday, Nov 21, 2012 at 11:45:25 PM