For decades researchers have reported anomalous excess heat when atomic hydrogen and catalysts are involved. The mechanisms and therefore the ability to scale the effect have eluded scientists. Researchers point to chemical and nuclear byproducts but both of which are insufficient to explain the amount of heat detected.In May 2008Arata-Yang demonstrated the effect repeatedly using Pd and deuterium. Their experiment was recently replicated by Kitamura et all Phys. Lett. A, 2009. 273(35): p. 3109-3112. http://lenr-canr.org/acrobat/KitamuraAanomalouse.pdf.
In the United States we have a patent granted in May 2008 to Haisch and Moddel for a system based on Casimir cavities and 2 Rowan university validations of the Black Light Process developed by Randell Mills, one in 2008 using reactors and materials supplied by Mills and more the second in August of 2009 a validation using only recipes from Mills while materials were procured commercially. All of these researchers appear to have different theories some of which are in direct conflict with established physics, hence Mills inability to patent a process that is clearly demonstrating excess heat while Haisch and Moddel were able to patent an as yet unprototyped device using virtually the same physical concept but based on different physics. While the skeletal catalyst Rayney Nickel forms activated pores with geometry making them Casimir cavities the math and chemistry Mills submits to define the reaction is based on catalytic action and requires hydrogen to take on orbital states 2 to 137 times smaller than ground state. Haisch and Moddel rephrase the "hydrino" which violates the laws of physics to what they term a system for converting energy from electromagnetic quantum vacuum by suppressing appropriate frequencies by virtue of the Casimir effect which suppresses longer wavelength vacuum energy as the plates get closer. Mills definition could have been salvaged in 2005 when Jan Naudts proposed the 137 fractional states could be relativistic or even later when in 2007 Ron Bourgoin published a paper that actually proved the 137 fractional states using equations dictating a relativistic environment for electrons(occupying the same spatial position). Mills embraced the support but never redefined his theory or patent application allowing Haisch and Moddel to patent their similar theory unopposed.
The Theories still do not explain how the conservation of energy is broken, even if the hydrogen or deuterium translates to relativistic hydrogen inside a Casimir cavity the transition as noted by Mills is nonradiative, according to Mills a reaction is necessary inside the cavity but according to the H-M theory the hydrogen loses energy to the cavity walls but is then restored via the global vacuum energy as it exits the cavity. My point is that any energy differential will cause a back pressure to the hydrogen supply restricting the flow into the cavity equal to any potential energy gains. I am proposing that nature provides two opposing forces inside a Casimir cavity that can be manipulated into oscillating to produce heat. Nature's desire for the diatomic state is opposed by dihydrinos caught in a changing Casimir depletion field. The ability of relativistic hydrogen to translate without photon emission tells us the atom is reshaped from our perspective by the lower vacuum energy inside the cavity. This reshaping can have 137 different values according to Bourgoin's paper forming a gradient based on the very local plate geometry and spacing. These atoms still try to reshape even after forming a molecule but find their efforts opposed by the new covalent bond, the covalent bond gets broken by this reshaping force when the molecule moves to a spatial position where the Casimir force changes sufficiently that the reshaping force disassociates the molecule restoring monatomic energy levels. This reshaping force is based on normally chaotic vacuum fluctuations that normally sum to zero. It appears that multiple inertial frames allow a normally chaotic field to be organized and exploited. The balancing point however is difficult to maintain because nature immediately forces the atoms back to diatomic states which emits a photon and starts the cycle over again in what can become a destructive thermal runaway quickly melting the cavity to relieve the Casimir force and producing the hydride byproducts claimed by Black Light Power or going the other way, starving the process into the slow "life after death" scenario described by Arata and others where a slow excess heat is recorded after the experiment is de-energized and lasting days to weeks depending on the size and geometry of nano powders and loading methods. In the animation note hydrogen on top with normal (red) emission on bonding while moving plates show relativistic atoms translated and spectrum shifted (blue). At bottom an exaggerated multiple vacuum fluctuation is shown twisting with time dilation to appear faster from our perspective vs being displaced by shorter fluctuations per current theory.