Sickles then made his way to the telegraph office where on his own volition (and in Chandlers name), sent the following telegram to the three state governors: "With your state sure for Hayes, he is elected. Hold your state" - 'Hold your state' was politico-speak of the time for "cheat", "cook the numbers", numbers that could not have been cooked had they been in the open and not secret.
Within a few hours South Carolina wired back that it had gone for Hayes and additionally requested with implied urgency, that Washington should send "more troops". By the next day, with a little help from friends in high places, both Louisiana and Florida were in the Hayes column giving him one more electoral vote than Tilden. What I've just related is historically documented, had quite an aftermath and was the subject of Congressional investigation. See: Steal This Vote by: Andrew Gumbel - ISBN 1-56025-676-1.
The point here is that the mechanism of grand scale vote fraud was actually used just prior to the three sequentially "impossible" elections of 1880-1888. Certainly subsequent vote fraud of the 1880s and beyond, was modeled on the 1876 machinations of General "Devil Dan" Sickles. Fraud that could have only occurred within the context of vote secrecy.
The people of the time certainly knew, as voter turnouts began to drop precipitously immediately after the 1892 election, the first election where all states voted under the secret ballot. Turnout immediately dropped from over 90% since the late 1820s to 50% by 1920. It has remained low ever since. Yes, the people knew, but with the coerced silence of media and later generations, vote fraud was eventually relegated to myth and the talk of "wackos".
With the election of 1876, we now have four elections in a row that we can demonstrate were victims of fraud, all enabled by vote secrecy. In the 131 years since the election of 1876, nothing has changed in regard to vote secrecy. It is still with us just as much today as it was then. And now, the election law called HAVA for Help America Vote Act, actually requires a "secret vote". The very thing that enables vote fraud, is now a codified legal requirement.
is the beginning of tyranny"
Robert A. Heinlein
the vote we become slaves
not metaphorically, but actually.
This article has been drawn from a new eBook by M. J. Sperry entitled: Desiderata of the Citizen Vote.
Email: Email address removed
- M. J. Sperry 12/20/07 - All rights to this work are released to the public domain, but only if reprinted in its entirety, including disclaimer.
Why You Can't Vote Them Out
By: mac Sperry
Pt. 3: Vva - Voter verified audit
A case was made in Part 1, that the introduction of the confidential/secret vote in the middle of the 19th century, brought with it the ability to conduct invisible, virtually undetectable vote fraud. It appears reasonable that vote fraud is not only still possible, but certainly occurs and with regularity.