If you've read Part One, the question becomes, what next?or, where do we go from here? It's impossible to change the past, but it is possible to make changes in the future to make clear what steps are necessary if we are to undo the painful and shameful legacy of the boarding school system. Again, by the 1930s the mind-control model that began in 1878 at the Carlisle Indian School was dying out as off-reservation boarding schools were closed, but boarding schools on reservations were still attended by many American Indian children. Although many of these schools dropped the Carlisle characteristics, more than a few still retained an authoritarian structure and the goal of civilizing their students.
|The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author
and do not necessarily reflect those of this website or its editors.