The Founding Fathers appear to have made a monumental Constitutional error when they created the U.S. Senate and determined how many senators would represent each state. They agonized and debated over this issue and, though many of them had great reservations, they decided that each state should have two senators. And now the people of America are paying a terrible price for that decision.
Article 1, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution states, "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years and each senator shall have one Vote." Further that each state will have two senators, regardless of the size of its population." The 17th Amendment to the Constitution later established direct election of U.S. Senators by popular vote.
Providing for two senators from each state was most certainly a highly controversial and questionable decision on their part; however, they had the best interests of the country in mind in doing so. So let's not blame them because they had no way of knowing how large this country would become and the great degree to which the populations of its states would vary. And it's very likely that they thought that, as the country grew in size, any such imbalance would be rectified by the actions of intelligent, dedicated legislators. How mistaken they were in thinking that this country would involve mostly rational thinking, competent legislators in the future.
To see just how ludicrous this imbalance of representation in the Senate is take a look at these telling statistics: the combined population of this country's three most populous states, California, Texas and New York is about 84.5 million; these three states have a total of 6 senators. The three least populous states, North Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming, have a total of 1.9 million people and they also have 6 senators; and the three most populous states, collectively, are 45 times larger than the 3 smallest.
Let's also take a look at this condition from a slightly different view that makes the continued existence of this imbalance almost incomprehensible:
The 25 least populous states = a population of 52 million which = 50 senators
The 25 most populous states = a population of 264 million which = 50 senators