Members of the Class of 2012,
As a former secretary of labor and current professor, I feel I owe it
to you to tell you the truth about the pieces of parchment you're
picking up today.
Well, not exactly. But you won't have it easy.
First, you're going to have a hell of a hard time finding a job. The
job market you're heading into is still bad. Fewer than half of the
graduates from last year's class have yet found full-time jobs. Most
are still looking.
That's been the pattern over the last three graduating classes: It's
been taking them more than a year to land the first job. And those who
still haven't found a job will be competing with you, making your job
search even harder.
Contrast this with the class of 2008, whose members were lucky enough
to get out of here and into the job market before the Great Recession
really hit. Almost three-quarters of them found jobs within the year.
You're still better off than your friends who didn't graduate.
Overall, the unemployment rate among young people (21 to 24 years old)
with four-year college degrees is now 6.4 percent. With just a high
school degree, the rate is double that.
But even when you get a job, it's likely to pay peanuts.
Last year's young college graduates lucky enough to land jobs had an average hourly wage of only $16.81, according to a new study
by the Economic Policy Institute. That's about $35,000 a year -- lower
than the yearly earnings of young college graduates in 2007, before the
Great Recession. The typical wage of young college graduates dropped 4.6
percent between 2007 and 2011, adjusted for inflation.
Presumably this means that when we come out of the gravitational pull
of the recession your wages will improve. But there's a longer-term
trend that should concern you.
The decline in the earnings of college grads really began more than a
decade ago. Young college grads with jobs are earnings 5.4 percent less
than they did in the year 2000, adjusted for inflation.
Don't get me wrong. A four-year college degree is still valuable.
Over your lifetimes, you'll earn about 70 percent more than people who
don't have the pieces of parchment you're picking up today.
But this parchment isn't as valuable as it once was. So much of what
was once considered "knowledge work" -- the kind that college graduates
specialize in -- can now be done more cheaply by software. Or by workers
with college degrees in India or East Asia, linked up by Internet.
For many of you, your immediate problem is that pile of debt on your
shoulders. In a few moments, when you march out of here, those of you
who have taken out college loans will owe more than $25,000 on average.
Last year, 10 percent of college grads with loans owed more than
$54,000. Your parents have also taken out loans to help you. Loans to
parents for the college educations of their children have soared 75
percent since the academic year 2005-2006.