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Sino-India Standoff: Security Dilemma

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Message Muhammad Irfan

The Sino-India ongoing standoff is a threat to regional peace and stability. It is glaring circumstance particularly when China is a globally recognized economic and diplomatic giant while India wields its regional share of prowess.

Essentially, the standoff enclosed with bloody skirmishes is the heightened form of military confrontation. The scenario may become more hazardous when the ongoing confrontation may take a circumstance of full-scale escalation. Under such circumstances, the conflict would give birth to the irreparable ramifications to not only the existing world but also to the future of humanity on the planet.

Anyhow, this is very grave state of strategic affairs that cannot be left undebated. In fact, the aforementioned standoff is the direct repercussion of the complications that the international system garners in its inborn inheritance.

Importantly, the international system owes its origin to the realistic approaches due to certain reasons: firstly, there is no central authority which can would its influence and power to control the international system. So, the international system is anarchic. Second, the survival is the prime agenda of the States. Third, the States are uncertain about one another's intentions.

Fourth, this blend of uncertainty and survival as the prime agenda makes States to ensure their security by employing variety of means; a. They must build the reliable defense in form of state of the art equipment and well trained and well ordained forces. B. They must build alliances for the sake of security. C. the States has to join certain alliances.

Ironically, the aforementioned all mechanism are pursued by the concerned all States which are party to a conflict mainly because the States decision making depends on action-reaction, perception and misperception and mistrust phenomena.

Thus, this situation leads to the security dilemma which is a state where no state is certain about others intentions and terms others responsible for the worsening relations and military confrontations. The same misfortune is the foundation of the ongoing standoff between China and India. It is realistically based upon the security dilemma.

Before analyzing how this conflict is the product of the security dilemma, it is important to give relevant details regarding the tactical developments of the issue.

The 2020 China-India conflicts are a piece of a progressing military stalemate among China and India. Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian soldiers have allegedly occupied with forceful scuffle, face-offs and clashes at areas along the Sino-Indian outskirt, including close to the contested Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Tibet Autonomous Region, and close to the fringe among Sikkim and the Tibet Autonomous Region. Extra conflicts are continuous at areas in eastern Ladakh along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) that has persevered since the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

In late May, Chinese powers protested Indian street development in the Galwan River valley. According to Indian sources, skirmish battling on 15/16 June 2020 brought about the passings of 20 Indian fighters (counting an officer) and losses of 43 Chinese troopers (counting demise of an officer).

Several media sources expressed that 10 Indian warriors, including 4 officials, were kidnapped and afterward discharged by the Chinese on 18 June. An unverified number of Chinese troopers were additionally caught and later discharged by India.

In spite of their initial kinship during the 1950s, relations among India and China quickly deteriorated over the uncertain condition of their Himalayan fringe. The fringes, generally set by British assessors, are hazy and intensely questionedsimilar to the status of Himalayan realms, for example, Tibet, Sikkim, Bhutan, and Nepal. That prompted a short war in 1962, won by China. China additionally backs Pakistan in its own debates with India, and China's Belt and Road Initiative has mixed Indian feelings of dread, particularly the alleged China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, an assortment of huge framework ventures.

India has reported that "the two sides" are attempting to defuse the circumstance, yet it has blamed China for purposely abusing the fringe and reneging on understandings made in late talks between the two sides.

China's reaction was all the more demanding, blaming India for intentionally starting physical assaults in a regionthe Galwan Valley in Ladakh that is guaranteed by the two sidesthat has consistently been our own. Army officials are meeting to attempt to determine the circumstance.

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Muhammad Irfan has authored many books. He is an internationally recognized scholar. He has presented his papers in national and international conferences. He is also a freelance journalist and contributes to both national and international (more...)

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