Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service - CNS
World we want beyond 2015
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If the countries agree with the draft set of SDGs at the UN summit in New York in coming September, they will become applicable from January 2016. Partnering with, and empowering parliamentarians, who play an important role in the development process by framing policies/ laws implemented in the country, can effectively influence the building of post-2015 development framework and also develop government accountability to these goals. Even Ban Ki Moon, UN Secretary General, has said that, "Parliaments will play a central role in shaping and implementing our new agenda."
Keeping this in mind, the Family Planning Association of India (FPAI) and Indian Association of Parliamentarians for Population and Development (IAPPD) recently organized a one day consultative meeting with Parliamentarians and other key stakeholders in New Delhi. The objectives of this consultation were to initiate a dialogue with Parliamentarians and other key stakeholders in articulating the Post-2015 development agenda with special focus on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), and work with the MPs and key influencers to establish a mechanism for initiating action on the SDGs at country level, ensuring greater ownership and accountability.
All the 12 odd MPs present agreed that making Parliamentarians aware of the post 2015 global development agenda is very important as MPs are a link between people and the government and hence an important component in setting national goals/ policies and achieving them. This is what some of them had to say:
Professor PJ Kurien, Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha, set the ball rolling. He said-- "SDGs are the Bible of development for all countries. They are more comprehensive and inclusive than MDGs. But population stabilization should also find a specific place in them. In India, unless there is frontal attack on our exponential population growth we will not be able to achieve SDGs. Sex education needs to be introduced in schools."
Second parliamentarian said: "SDGs are a sequel to MDGs. SDGs have to percolate to local levels. Population growth is nullifying economic growth. Explosion of population is in poor families. So special targets must be there for poor sections of society. We have to think global but act local."
Third parliamentarian said: "Male participation in family planning is very low-- less than 1%. Despite a very large adolescent population, there is no education for adolescents on sexual and reproductive health (SRH). We will have to increase our budgetary allocations for health and curb corruption that siphons off funds. Education and awareness of the masses must increase to increase people's participation. Unless we engage the whole community we cannot sustain any development."
Fourth parliamentarian said: "Public healthcare in India is in a mess. But healthcare should not be privatised. It is should be the duty of the government to take care of the health of its public. It is fine to have goals, but most important is to provide good governance to the people. Nothing will be achieved without good governance."
Fifth parliamentarian said: "In India we make good plans but monitoring and evaluation of programmes is done poorly. We MPs are more concerned with winning elections and giving freebies to buy votes. It is very seldom that MPs think of implementation of national policies. It is essential for all elected representatives to have basic knowledge about goals and national programmes. Inclusive growth should keep in mind not just economic growth, but also social growth, keeping in mind the environment, and should benefit the poorest of poor. People should be involved. Campaigns should be done in regional/ local languages to convey messages which the public can understand."
Sixth parliamentarian said: "Such consultations would be meaningless unless we supplement them with corrective action on the ground. We need to have very open discussions around the issue of population growth, keeping in mind that population is rising in certain regions and in certain sections of society. Parliamentarians must keep the interest of the nation above the interests of their political parties. Unorganized labour forms a huge chunk of our labour force, yet it is a very neglected sector. Similarly, we have had very regressive agriculture policies. We promoted chemical farming which played havoc with farmers and farming. Laws should be strict and uniformly implemented for all."
Seventh parliamentarian said: "If civil society and parliamentarians work together we can achieve SDGs - certain goals are of special interest to me. Goal 2 talks of promoting sustainable agriculture. But in our country the agriculture sector has been neglected all along. Our healthcare system is in shambles. To be poor and to be sick is the biggest curse in India. There is still a lot of gender inequality in our country and women still face a lot of discrimination. Unless male mindsets change, there will be no gender equality."
Dr Rakesh Kumar, Joint Secretary (Reproductive and Child Health), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India (MoHFW)-- "Early marriage is a block and so is improper spacing of children. Birth of first child should be delayed by at least 2 years after marriage. India's adolescent population is the highest in the world and we need to invest in this human capital. We need to focus more on adolescents and their SRHR needs (which has been neglected) achieve SDGs. Imparting quality sex education can help."