A link to what I'm talking about is more fully explained at www.safaricom.co.ke/about-us.
No actual money changes hands. There are no tellers to see, no banks to go to. If a worker is paid for services rendered, the employer takes the employee's I-phone or I-pad number, calls the number and deposits that employee's wages into their cell or whatever, each person using this system has a code number, so the employer would include his code number, and Bingo. The wages are paid, and the employee has money in their phone to go buy whatever they need. They go to the store, and with the store's phone number they pay for what they are purchasing, put in their own code number, and the deal is done. No credit cards, no checks, just a phone call and you're done.
What Happens To The Banks?
"M-PESA has since been extended to offer loans and savings products, and can also be used to disburse salaries or pay bills, which saves users further time and money (because they do not need to waste hours queuing up at the bank). One study found that in rural Kenyan households that adopted M-PESA, incomes increased by 5-30%. In addition, the availability of a reliable mobile-payments platform has spawned a host of start-ups in Nairobi, whose business models build on M-PESA's foundations. Mobile-money schemes in other countries, meanwhile, have been held up by opposition from banks and regulators and concerns over money-laundering. But M-PESA is starting to do well in other countries, including Tanzania and Afghanistan, and last month it was launched in India. At the same time, operators in some other countries are doing an increasingly good job of imitating it. Some of the factors behind Kenya's lead cannot be copied; but many of them can, which means it should eventually be possible for other countries to follow Kenya's pioneering example." See click here
So let's just say that banks are not happy about this new form of doing business. First, they lose tons of business. They probably fail, but does that affect the economy? All indications are that the economy actually grows. So it shouldn't adversely affect the economy, because the basic needs of people continue to get met. The only ones to die as a result are the banks and their stockholders. Stock becomes worthless.
In one small village Ms. Stahl met with a man who had been living with just a Kerosene lamp for light at night. The fumes were awful, and he worried about his young son having to live and breathe those fumes. But for $180 he was able to purchase, on time, on his phone, a solar panel that was not much more than 15" x 15" that was placed on the top of his shack. It was enough for him to finally get to live with an actual light bulb. It actually ended up costing him less to light the bulb than to light the Kerosene lamp.
To learn more, type M-Pesa into your favorite search engine. Thank you, Leslie Stahl.