(6th in the series, "Kasskara: Sunken Land of the Hopi Ancestors")
White Bear has told us that as Kasskara was sinking
into the Pacific, the Hopi ancestors migrated to South America via a series
of islands, Easter Island being the only one on their route still above the surface of the
They established themselves at Taotooma (Tiahuanaco), but after a long
time, when the new continent had emerged sufficiently from the ocean, the
Kachinas guided the people north where they would establish themselves in
what we call Mexico before migrating again to the Four Corners region of the
current United States. White Bear described a ceremony that he said helps the
Hopi recall details of their ancestors' migration through the brutally hot
jungle, saying the ritual confirms that his people had received crucial
survival skills from the Kachinas, such as the ability to avoid being devoured by wild
White Bear stressed the importance of the divinities and Kachinas belonging to the Clan of the Bow because it shows both clans had experienced the same events. The Sun and Coyote Clans also share the same traditions, he said, "But only the Bow Clan, whose traditions are the most complete, celebrate the ceremony of 'the Ancestors that Came from the Sky'."
The Clan of the Bow began its migration north through the jungle starting from an unspecified locale referred to as the "City of Fog", which the Hopi called "Pamisky", White Bear said. "Tewaletsiwa (an elder) from the Clan of the Bow did not know exactly where it was in South America. He said, 'If I saw the City of Fog, I would recognize it easily.' He knew also the history of the town of Taotooma The Kachinas had told the clan to go towards the jungle, but starting from the City of Fog, the clan went instead down towards the plains," White Bear said. "I suppose that city had to be somewhere in Ecuador."
He explained that when the Clan of the Bow was ready
to undertake the migration, the Kachinas were there to help the people cross
the jungle, showing them the way and protecting them during the journey. Yet while babies
born in the lowlands could survive, at the highest altitudes they could not,
even with the Kachinas present. During the day the Kachinas protected the
people, and this is what is shown in the ceremony. "The divinities made noise
with their rattles, and other Kachinas inserted their sticks in the ground
(sonic devices?), which made the wild animals flee," White Bear said. "It is
only today that animal bones are used for the rattles; before we used shells. And
today we do not use leather of jaguar as before but the leather of hind (deer),"
White Bear said, adding that Tewaletsiwa had spoken earnestly about the sound waves the shells produced, saying that the instruments emitted magnetic waves.
"When the clan rested at night, the Kachinas rose like stars above the jungle, and their light protected the people against the wild animals," White Bear said. "I would like to add that the Kachinas used weapons only for protection, and the Hopi ancestors did not kill animals for food. In Taotooma the Kachinas had asked them to eat less and to nourish themselves with plants, thereby increasing the level of spiritual knowledge." The Kachinas stayed with the people of the Clan of the Bow until others arrived at Palatquapi.
When the clans were still migrating through what is today South America and Mexico, long before the creation of Oraibi by the Bear Clan, many clans wanted to reunite. They remembered the destruction of their first city, Taotooma, in South America, White Bear said, and wanted to live again in harmony with the great mind: Taiowa. They had disobeyed their Creator and scattered in all directions. The Kachinas, however, persuaded them to return to the right path. Those of the chiefs who could still make use of their third eye ('brow' chakra, associated with spiritual insight) gathered the clans in order to create an arts center that promoted advanced spiritual knowledge. White Bear explained:
"Every Hopi remembers this place as none could ever forget this city that bore the name Palatquapi, which in our language means 'red city'. According to my grandmother, Palatquapi was the first large city in the central western hemisphere. The people who did not come to this center increasingly lost their spirituality and started to venerate the sun as their god. I would like to add that the Clan of the Bear had crossed this region a long time previously to go to North America in order to open this country for us. This city has been located. It is called 'Palenque' now and is located in the Mexican state of Chiapas. It was a great community. It was not built by slaves. The people knew what had happened to their first city and wanted to prove to themselves that this time they would do better. It was as if they wanted to be rehabilitated. All that was undertaken in this community was based on spiritual principals and people of very high rank could be found there. Additionally, relations and agreements with the Kachinas were reinforced.
White Bear further explained that in Palatquapi there was a building that had been built with particular care. It was the most important building because it was to be used for learning. My father had spoken to me about it before I started school. He told me about the four floors of the building and their purposes:
"On the ground floor young people learned the history of their clans and that of the previous world. The upper floors were the most important. On the second floor the pupils were educated in all that relates to the plan of life. They learned everything about nature that surrounds us, both through theoretical and practical teaching--how flowers grow, where insects come from, and how various species of birds, mammals, and all that lives in the sea, grow and develop. Here pupils were urged to open and use their third eyes. They also learned about the chemical elements on which our life is based. The body is composed of elements that come from the earth. If we do not obey the laws and mistreat the earth, we will suffer not only psychologically but also physically. The diseases that strike the human body are caused by the fault of people themselves."