* The first Americans DID NOT come over the Bering Strait south, but north from Kasskara, a sunken continent in the Pacific, via Easter Island, South America and Mexico. The Hopi descendants had migrated from the south all the way to "the ice sheet" that extended almost to today's US/Canadian border. The influx of people from the north (the "land bridge") occurred much later.
* The current Hopi 'Aasa Clan' is related to a group formerly called the 'Astak', a group of Hopi ancestors the Spanish called the 'Aztec'.
*Hopi 'Kachinas' represent actual embodied beings that used technological equipment. The dolls bought as souvenirs today are for children and tourists. According to the Hopi, Kachinas are actual beings who came to Earth in ancient times. After helping the Hopi ancestors survive their continent's submergence and migrate to what's now the Americas, these benefactors left.
*Tiwanku (Tiahuanaco) was the first city built by Kachinas in the new South American continent as a home for the refugees of Kasskara--also called 'Lemuria' and 'Mu-Rutas' in India . The Hopis consider Kasskara their original home in the Third World.
It's time, perhaps, to rethink some of our cherished paradigms!
Oraibi is the oldest village on the North American continent that has been continuously inhabited since its foundation. Archaeologists have analyzed wood used in constructing Hopi houses and determined the original village was created at about 1150 A.D., which White Bear said is off by thousands of years. Scientists didn't realize that the buildings they analyzed sat atop other villages lying below the current ruins. White Bear explained:
"The first village was founded 4.000 years ago. Oraibi was not the first village in this area. The very first one was called Shungopovi and was on the second mesa at the foot of the cliff, below the current village which bears the same name. At some point there was an argument between two brothers regarding a woman. The younger brother, Machito, decided to leave the village and to create his own village, which was called 'Oraibi' (Orayvi) , and it is still called this today. Machito, belonging to the Clan of the Bear and knowing all the traditions of his ancestors, brought to Oraibi something which today represents the most valuable of Hopi possessions--the four sacred boards, which his parents gave to him when he decided to create his village.
White Bear explained that several hundred years had elapsed before all the clans that were to come had arrived. Long before the creation of Oraibi, the clans that were to settle there had been selected, and even these selected clans could not come whenever they wished it. "Their Kachinas had to say to them, 'Now it is time for you to go there,' and then they came. It was the last time that the human beings could see their divinities. After that other Kachinas were designated to stay with the clans, but only in a spiritual form and not as a body," White Bear said. "Don't forget it."
He said each clan that wished to come to Oraibi had to settle initially within a few miles of the village. Many ruins in the surrounding area served as such provisional sites. After some time the clans could send their representatives to meet the chiefs in order to request permission to permanently settle. They were asked to explain the history of their migrations--where they had gone, what they had done, and whether they had followed the divine laws. Their complete history had to be reported to the leaders of the Clan of the Bear (this clan had authority due to its non-involvement in the destruction of Kasskara). In order to be accepted, however, it was not enough to have simply finished the migration; the clans were also required to specify how they envisioned participating in the ceremonies. "There exists an annual cycle of ceremonies, which is complete only if all the ceremonies of each clan are represented," White Bear said. "Consequently, a clan wanting to settle in Oraibi had to contribute to our cycle with its own ceremony."
The first clans to arrive after the Clan of the Bear were the Clan of the Phantoms (Fire Clan), the Clan of the Spider, and the Clan of the Snake. All these clans brought together only represented a small number of inhabitants because only those clans that had lived in accordance with the plan of the Creator were selected. White Bear explained:
"Certain clans could not be accepted although they
had the same origin as us because they had not finished their migrations. They
settled in the surroundings and today are called the pueblos tribes. Of course
the word 'pueblo' is of Spanish origin, and we always gave them their true
name, as for example Si'os, which are now often called Zuni. Other clans were not
accepted for other reasons, particularly the Aasa Clan.
Its members lived a certain time in Chaco Canyon, and then they wished to come here. They showed us their ceremony, but our chiefs said, 'We do not need them.' They recalled the fertile fields somewhere in the South and they returned there. Much later they became the big Aztec people. As I already said the Aasa Clan was called at that time 'Astak', which the Spaniards changed it into 'Aztec.' Some members remained in the local area, and this is why we always have an Aasa Clan here.
Several centuries passed before we all were joined together. My mother's clan, the Clan of the Coyotes, arrived last. The Clan of the Coyotes always arrived at the end. It was already the case by leaving Kasskara to come to this continent, and it was the same in Oraibi. That does not suggest that we are slow; it is simply our destiny. It is as a signal, for when the Clan of the Coyotes arrives; it is the end. After that nobody will be accepted any more. It is also the reason why the Kachinas (in the ceremonies) carry a fox tail in the back. When, after the great journey of Sikyatki, we arrived at Oraibi we were once again the last. Nobody else came to Oraibi after us.