There used to be a fable, commonly imposed as fact on school children in the United States, that in Columbus's time nearly everyone believed the Earth was flat. Fortunately, this untruth has been quietly abandoned, although some still repeat the mistake by crediting instead the Greeks. History professor Jeffrey Burton Russell notes, for example, that with few exceptions, "No educated person in the history of Western civilization from the third century BC onward believed that the Earth was flat," a position that improves upon the former and is no doubt true, yet it still betrays a Western bias. It fails to acknowledge that aboriginal and ancient people, spanning far back into the last Ice Age, knew the Earth was spherical. They knew that the nature of creation itself was cyclical (or vorticular). They acknowledged, revered, and cultivated knowledge of universal law, and evidence of their seemingly impossible technical manifestations -- the Great Pyramid being among the most widely recognized with many others gaining recognition -- lies in ruins around the Earth -- the implications largely ignored by experts who can't adequately explain them within academically accepted contemporary models.
The Hopi Indians of Arizona, a Puebloan tribe, represent the oldest continuous Indian group in the current United States and, contradicting professional opinion, claim they did not come to this continent across the Bering Strait but north from South America, according to Oswald "White Bear" Fredericks, who I met twice as a teenager through a high school anthropology teacher. White Bear was the primary Hopi consultant for Frank Waters' Book of Hopi, a common title in university libraries. During our current period of history, the Bear Clan supersedes all other clans in authority and serves as the tribe's historians. It is their function to preserve the knowledge and memory of the Hopis' migrations and history, so White Bear proved to be an unusually valuable source. Even if representatives of the Western world can't prove that his startling claims are true -- such as his assertion that technological civilizations have previously arisen and fallen, or that beings from other habitable planets have visited Earth -- it must be conceded that they are at least ethnographically true. That is, it's true that the Hopis believe these things, and it might benefit us to sincerely consider what White Bear is saying:
"Out of the long story of the Hopis arises a warning for you," White Bear tells us. "Perhaps this warning will not come too late."
Essentially, White Bear describes a succession of cycles, over vast periods of terrestrial time, of the development and destruction of human societies. Mankind progresses for a long period -- a golden age -- then progressively loses touch with his true "spiritual" nature through egoism and avarice, and this disharmony eventually manifests in the three-dimensional realm as natural disasters, conflict, wars, environmental degradation, and disease. In the Western view, these things happen to us, but in the Hopi worldview, spirit and form intimately intertwine, so man's disharmonious (evil) deeds take form in the physical environment as crises.
White Bear, with the help of his wife, Naomi, prepared an informative document that the couple provided to occasional visitors--including, apparently, Josef Blumrich, the NASA engineer who published a book in German called Kasskara und die Sieben Welten (Kasskara and the Seven Worlds), which has not been translated into English. "This is the history of my ancestors and the clans which came to this continent," the document begins. "The continent on which my people lived for a long time sank in the sea and people had to leave it. They had to leave it and go to a land in the east to make a new beginning."
White Bear describes Kasskara as a continent in the Pacific Ocean that sank. He said that Hawaii is a remnant of their original motherland, and Rapa Nui (Easter Island) is the last remaining of several islands that helped Kasskaran refugees cross the vast expanse of ocean to South America. Kasskara was sinking at around the same time as the submergence of Atlantis, although Atlantis went down quickly, White Bear said, due to its heavier negative karma. Because Kasskara's offenses were not as serious, the retribution they suffered was lighter and the destruction happened more slowly. The population had time to flee.
White Bear felt it was important and necessary to inform the world about the Hopis' history and the previous cycles of advancement and destruction the world has undergone, but he was heavily criticized by some Hopis who believed that he should not have revealed these truths to the masses. White Bear had said, "It is time to speak about our people and to tell you who we are and why we are here in the hope that somebody one day will understand us. Even if it is me who speaks here it is the knowledge of the Hopis that you will know. Out of the long story of the Hopis arises a warning for you. You will understand later what I want to say when I tell my story,"This is why I speak now. That concerns us all. Perhaps this warning will not come too late."
According to White Bear, mankind lived in two other worlds (Tokpela and Tokpa) before emerging into the Third World, which included Kasskara and Atlantis, and then into our present Fourth World. These successive "worlds" generally correspond to various continents and time periods during which the Hopi's antecedents were granted protection by some very interesting beings they call "Kachinas," otherworldly beings with physical bodies that helped them survive planetary cataclysms and directed their migrations. The Kachina dolls known to tourists are simply representations meant to familiarize Hopi children with the various Kachina entities so they don't fear them during ceremonies.
In the First World, the "Taiowa" divinity created the human being and all things in this universe. He gave us brains and the capacity for knowledge. "He gave man all he needs in his life, and he gave him the laws and duties in this universe, which man must obey," White Bear said. He explained that the First World was destroyed by fire because people had become malicious. But his people -- those who in more recent times became the Hopis -- survived the destruction because they had been selected to preserve the knowledge through time. The Second World was destroyed by ice. Once again, his people survived and arrived in the Third World," the third continent. All these and later events are still alive in Hopi ceremonies.
The Third World: Kasskara
"The name of the Third World was Kasskara. Few people today know the significance of this very old word. I learned it from Otto Pentewa (a Hopi elder), who remembered it as the 'mother ground,'" White Bear said. "We also call it 'the country of the sun' because we like to refer to the sun and the soil which keep us alive."
Kasskara was a continent situated mostly south of the equator with a small portion in the north, White Bear said, and is probably identical with what we today call Lemuria, or Mu. "It was a very beautiful country. Compared with today, it was almost a paradise. We worked, but we did not need to work hard. Since our beginnings in the First World we had followed the plan of our Creator and cultivated our food ourselves," White Bear said. "In these times we had chosen corn as our principal food, and we brought it to the Second World and we continued to live with it in the Third World. When you see our corn think of the fact that the Hopis have had it since very old times, since the First World."
White Bear explained that the knowledge the Hopis seek and that was given to them relates to plants and animals. They could communicate with them. They had scientific knowledge but did not use it to manufacture objects that hurt people:
"People then had respect for one another. The clans had their own bosses, but they had in common a respected spiritual leader. In the life of the Hopis there always was a clan which had supremacy for a certain time in order to ensure that we fulfilled well our obligations and responsibilities--like our good behavior in life," White Bear said. "When we inherited this world, the Clan of the Bow held the leadership. For this reason the tribe chief of the Clan of the Bow was Kasskara's sovereign."
At the beginning all was well in Kasskara. Much later the men gradually began to lose the respect for one another; initially a few, then more and more. "As you see we are exactly like other men. I can compare that with what occurs today in the organizations: people want to have some rank and power; they want their share," White Bear said. "The same thing happened at Kasskara."