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Israel's March 2015 Elections

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Lawrence Davidson
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Reprinted from To The Point Analyses

Netanyahu sacks ministers paving way for early Israeli elections
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Part I -- Trepidation

There is trepidation in the Zionist ranks over the March 2015 elections for a new Knesset or parliament. It seems that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu got angry at his more "liberal" coalition partners Tzipi Livni and Yair Lapid because of their opposition to the proposed Israel equals a Jewish state bill. In essence he fired them, sacrificing the government's majority in the Knesset, and necessitating the upcoming elections. Some observers believe that the election represents something of a crossroads for the Jewish state.

Roger Cohen, a New York Times columnist, wrote a headline piece in the Sunday Review section of the newspaper on 21 December 2014. It was entitled "What Will Israel Become?" and tells us that "uneasiness inhabits Israel." Quoting the Israeli writer Amos Oz, Cohen explains further, "there is a growing sense that Israel is becoming an isolated ghetto, which is exactly what the founding fathers and mothers hoped to leave behind them forever when they created the state of Israel." Cohen believes that it is Netanyahu's settlement policy in the West Bank and East Jerusalem that is driving Israeli isolation.

Cohen hopes that the upcoming elections will turn out Netanyahu and his allies, all of whom want to expand settlements. What he wants in their place is a coalition of more "moderate" parties which will halt expansion and revive the possibility of a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Cohen isn't alone. He quotes Ofer Kenig, an Israeli political analyst with the Israel Democracy Institute, as declaring "this [upcoming] election is a critical juncture. We have to choose between being a Zionist and liberal nation or turning into an ethnocentric, nationalist country. I am concerned about the direction in which this delicate democracy is heading."

Part II -- Recasting Israeli History

There is something decidedly odd about these concerns. They're odd because they recast Israel as having originally been something other than "ethnocentric and nationalist." Or, to put it another way, that most of those founding "fathers and mothers" were something other than the recognizable historical precursors of Benjamin Netanyahu and his expansionist passions. Liberal Zionists who claim otherwise are essentially ignoring the sort of racist nationalist worldview they are affiliated with. However, Zionist history is too well documented to escape the truth. This is particularly the case in the recorded attitudes that launched the Israeli settlement of the Occupied Territories (OT).

In 1967, just after conquering the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights, it was not just the right-wing Likudniks who were mad for expansion. It was also the allegedly moderate leftwing Laborites. Indeed, the great majority of Israeli Jews, regardless of political orientation or level of religiosity, considered the conquest of the OT as a positive historic achievement. Then as now, for the more strident of them, retaining the territories was seen as synonymous with patriotism.

Tom Segev, in his book 1967: Israel, the War, and the Year That Transformed the Middle East (from which the following quotes and data are taken), gives many of the details. In a post-war 1967 poll "nine out of ten [Israelis] replied that the Old City [of Jerusalem] should not be given back; 85 percent said the Golan Heights should not be returned; 73 percent thought that Gaza should not be relinquished; 71 percent said the West Bank should not be given back ... a smaller majority, 52 percent, said the Sinai Peninsula should not be given back either. Labor Party member Levi Eshkol, who was the prime minister at that time, described the conquests as a "miracle on top of a miracle."

On a post-conquest tour of the Jordan Valley, Eshkol stopped repeatedly to examine the soil, to "feel it, smell it, taste it," so enamored was he of being in possession of the area. A group of prominent Israeli writers of the day, representing both the political right and the left, published "a proclamation for a Greater Israel" and declared that "we are bound to loyalty, to the integrity of our land ... and no government in Israel has the right to give up this integrity." As we will see, this is the sentiment that now holds the future of all Israelis hostage.

It was in this national frame of mind that the settlement movement began, launched by what longtime Israeli ambassador to the U.S. Abba Eban described as a reborn Israel -- a better place than had existed before the 1967 war. So convinced were the Israelis (and Zionists generally) that a new and greater era had begun that almost no one foresaw the dire consequences of "loyalty" to the land.

And those who did see problems never really considered reversing course because of them. For instance, Theodor Meron, the Israeli foreign ministry's legal counsel in 1967, told the government that settlement of the conquered lands was illegal under international law. He then suggested that settlement go ahead anyway, but disguised as military encampments.

As usual, the Zionists did not care that they were "liberating" someone else's property and that there was bound to be strong objections. When the Palestinian resistance came, the Israelis reacted with resentment and a rambling list of grievances: decrying that they were hated by the Arabs and by most non-Jews in general, and that going back to the 1967 borders would invite a new Holocaust.

When in 2002 the Arab League offered Israel genuine peace with all its commercial benefits in exchange for withdrawing from the Occupied Territories, the Israelis turned them down flat. Though they did not say so, they simply did not want peace. They wanted the land just as their "founding fathers and mothers" had. Now they have had the land for nearly 50 years and, like a poisoned chalice, it has sickened them. What was considered a "miracle" was really a prelude to disaster and led to a downward spiral into barbarism and growing isolation.

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Lawrence Davidson is a history professor at West Chester University in Pennsylvania. He is the author of Foreign
Policy Inc.: Privatizing America's National Interest
; America's
Palestine: Popular and Offical Perceptions from Balfour to Israeli
; and Islamic Fundamentalism. His academic work is focused on the history of American foreign relations with the Middle East. He also teaches courses in the history of science and modern European intellectual history.

His blog To The Point Analyses now has its own Facebook page. Along with the analyses, the Facebook page will also have reviews, pictures, and other analogous material.

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