Do All Black Male Athletes Have To Be Thugs? Or, as X-ESPN Analyst Rob Parker said: R.G. III Ain't Black Enough
Earl Smith, PHD
Wake Forest University
Word Count: 908
African Americans have spent centuries being denied opportunities. This is especially true when it comes to the chance to get an education, the chance to own a home, to own a business, the chance to run for and be elected to political office.
Even in the world of sports, a world many Americans strongly identify as perhaps the most likely route to pursuing the elusive AMERICAN DREAM especially for African American males, was only integrated in the last half century and many sports (NASCAR, golf, tennis, hockey, gymnastics) remain virtually segregated white spaces today.
Even in SportsWorld - top head coaching positions are uncommon, managerial positions rare and ownership even rarer for African American men.
African American men who play sports at the college level have the lowest college graduation rates of all student-athletes.