There is ample evidence of "Man's Inhumanity to Man."Horrors--war, torture, starvation, trafficking, slavery, mass migration, exploitation, poverty, homelessness, bullying, sexual abuse--fill the headlines. The awful litany confirms our cynicism and numbs our senses. Far from things getting better, they seem to be getting worse.
It's easy to make the case that Homo Sapiens is a flawed creature: destructive, predatory, irredeemable.
The reason this looks unlikely is that we assume human nature is fixed, that the way we've been predicts the way we shall forever be.
Along with many other species, predation has indeed been Man's survival strategy. Our prey include other humans as well as animals. Early Man realized that enslavement paid dividends. Why kill someone when their labor could enrich you?
When we do protect the dignity of others, it has often been so as to more effectively exploit, or make war upon, those who don't share our religion (or nationality, ideology, etc). That is, we embrace dignity for those in our "tribe," but demean and dehumanize non-members.
Why do we sense that something's wrong when we witness an abrogation of dignity? How long can we ignore the tiny voice--we call it our conscience--whispering that dignity is universal and sacrosanct?
At the heart of every religion there lies a promise of dignity for all believers. Religion intuited this truth of truths millennia ago and has persuaded most people to at least give it lip-service. Despite indefensible lapses, Religion has harbored, and been sustained by, the profound realization that no one is unworthy of dignity.
Is this noble ideal on its way to being universally upheld, or will it forever be compromised?
The denial of dignity engenders enmity, limits creativity, and taxes productivity. Though exploitation can yield predators a windfall, there's an ineluctable statistical evolution away from the predatory practices of the past and towards groups and societies that affirm and expand dignity.
So long as survival depended on out-competing rivals for scarce necessities, humans excluded some from the Brotherhood of Man so they could prey on them without a bad conscience. Access to power has widened. Advances in the instruments of mass destruction and mass disruption have given the marginalized enough power to ruin everyone's life.
Humankind is in the late stage of an epochal transition. Human nature is not written in stone. Rather, the horrors we see around us are the residue of a predatory survival strategy that we are abandoning as the power differential upon which that strategy depends narrows.
We've known the answer for a long time, but only now are we being forced to accept it: we can now--for the first time in human history--consciously and systematically operationalize universal dignity--and its corollary, the Golden Rule--by making them cornerstones of dignitarian institutions and a dignitarian world.