ELEVEN YEARS AGO today [July 7], three suicide bombers attacked the London subway and a bus and killed 51 people. Almost immediately, it was obvious that retaliation for Britain's invasion and destruction of Iraq was a major motive for the attackers.
Two of them said exactly that in videotapes they left behind: The attacks "will continue and pick up strengths till you pull your soldiers from Afghanistan and Iraq. ... Until we feel security, you will be targets." Then, less than a year later, a secret report from British military and intelligence chiefs concluded that "the war in Iraq contributed to the radicalization of the July 7 London bombers and is likely to continue to provoke extremism among British Muslims." The secret report, leaked to The Observer, added: "Iraq is likely to be an important motivating factor for some time to come in the radicalization of British Muslims and for those extremists who view attacks against the U.K. as legitimate."