CPJ: China Third in Highest Number of Jailed Journalists There has been a worldwide increase in the number of jailed journalists, according to New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ).
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The article reports:
* Guardian newspaper editor summoned to
* Accused by some of helping terrorists by publishing
* Snowden files exposed extent of government
* Senior police officer says considering investigation
(Recasts with possibility of criminal investigation)
The article made it clear that the Guardian editors are at
"It appears possible once we look at the material that
some people may have committed offences," Dick said. "We need to
establish whether they have or they haven't."
David Miranda, the partner of journalist Glenn Greenwald who
brought the Snowden leaks to world attention, was questioned under
anti-terrorism law when he landed at London's Heathrow Airport en
route from Berlin to Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, and computer material
he was carrying was seized.
Lawmakers put it to Rusbridger that he had committed an offence
under Section 58A of the Terrorism Act which says it is a crime to
publish or communicate any information about members of the armed
forces or intelligence services.
"It isn't only about what you've published, it's about what you've
communicated. That is what amounts, or can amount, to a criminal
offence," said committee member Michael Ellis."
Of course, in the USA, a number of people in government,
including members of congress have also suggested that people who
release documents or who publish the info in the docoment releases
are criminals or that they should be treated as a terrorist. Of
course, Chelsea Manning has already been prosecuted. But some of
these government and congressional people seem willing to go a lot
This is an issue that threatens press freedoms worldwide.
That's why the UN media rights unit published this
article, UK: "National security concerns must never
justify intimidating journalists into silence," warn UN
"Two United Nations independent experts on freedom of expression
and human rights and counter-terrorism announced today they had
requested further information from the United Kingdom on the recent
detention of David Miranda, partner of the Guardian journalist,
Glenn Greenwald, at Heathrow Airport, London, and the reported
destruction of computer hard drives by British officials at the
"The protection of national security secrets must never be used as
an excuse to intimidate the press into silence and backing off from
its crucial work in the clarification of human rights violations,"
the UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of opinion and expression,
Frank La Rue, stressed. "The press plays a central role in the
clarification of human rights abuses."
"It is clear that the revelations on the extensive mass
surveillance initiatives implemented by some Governments needs to
be widely debated," Mr. La Rue said. "The intimidation of
journalists and newspapers questioning alleged abuses by
intelligence bodies is certainly not a contribution to the open
debate that needs to take place."
Carl Bernstein writes, in Op-Ed titled, An open letter from Carl Bernstein to
Guardian editor Alan Rusbridger
"... your appearance before the Commons today strikes
me as something quite different in purpose and dangerously
pernicious: an attempt by the highest UK authorities to shift the
issue from government policies and excessive government secrecy in
United States and Great Britain to the conduct of the
press -- which has been quite admirable and responsible in the case
the Guardian , particularly, and the way it has handled
information initially provided by Mr Snowden.
I ndeed, generally speaking, the record of journalists,
in Britain and the United States in handling genuine national
security information since World War II, without causing harm to
our democracies or giving up genuine secrets to real enemies, is
far more responsible than the over-classification,
disingenuousness, and (sometimes) outright lying by a series of
governments, prime ministers and presidents when it comes to
information that rightly ought to be known and debated in a free
society. Especially in recent years.
You are being called to testify at a moment when
governments in Washington and London seem intent on erecting the
most serious (and self-serving) barriers against legitimate news
reporting -- especially of excessive government secrecy -- we have
seen in decades...
...Rather than hauling in journalists for questioning and trying to
intimidate them, the Commons would do well to encourage and join
that debate over how the vast electronic intelligence-gathering
capabilities of the modern security-state can be employed in a
manner that gives up little or nothing to real terrorists and real
enemies and skilfully uses all our technological capabilities to
protect us, while at the same time taking every possible measure to
insure that these capabilities are not abused in a way that would
abrogate the rights and privacy of law-abiding citizens.
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There have always been tensions between such objectives in our
democracies, especially in regard to the role of the press. But as
we learned in the United States during our experience with the
Pentagon Papers and Watergate, it is essential that no prior
governmental restraints or intimidation be imposed on a truly free
press; otherwise, in such darkness, we encourage the risk of our
democracies falling prey to despotism and demagoguery and even
criminality by our elected leaders and government officials."
Trevor Timm, of FreedomOfThePressFoundation.org recently wrote
an article, Will the US State Dept Condemn UK's Attempt
to Use 'Terrorism' Laws to Suppress Journalism?
"In a statement that should send chills down the spine of every
reporter, the (UK) government made the unbelievable claim that
merely publishing information that
has nothing to do with violence still "falls within the
definition of terrorism."
"Additionally the disclosure, or threat of disclosure, is designed
to influence a government and is made for the purpose of promoting
a political or ideological cause. This therefore falls within the
definition of terrorism..."
Think about the sheer breadth of that statement. Not only are
several Guardian reporters and editors also guilty of engaging in
"terrorism" under the UK government's logic, but so are New York
Times or Pro Publica journalists who have received the same
news-worthy documents for publication. If publishing or threatening
to publish information for the purpose "promoting a political or
ideological cause" is "terrorism," than the UK government can lock
up every major newspaper editorial board that dares write any
opinion that strays from the official government line.
No matter one's opinion on the NSA, the entire public should be
disturbed by this attack on journalism. In fact, this is exactly
the type of attack on press freedom the US State Department
regularly condemns in authoritarian countries, and we call on them
to do the same in this case.
For example, in January 2012, in response to Ethiopia jailing
award-winning journalist Eskinder Nega, the State
Department expressed "concern
that the application of anti-terrorism laws can sometimes undermine
freedom of expression and independent media." Again in June State
Department released a statement saying, "The Ethiopian government
has used the Anti-Terrorism Proclamation to jail journalists and
opposition party members for peacefully exercising their freedoms
of expression and association."
The 2012 State Department human
rights report on Turkey criticizes the country for
imprisoning "scores of journalists"most charged under antiterror
laws or for connections to an illegal organization."
In April 2013, the State Department cited
Burundi for imprisoning radio journalist Hassan Ruvakuki
and three of his colleagues for "acts of terrorism."
Just last month, in response to respected Moroccan journalist Ali
Anouzla being arrested
under an anti-terror law for linking to a Youtube video,
the State Department said, "We are concerned with the government of
Morocco's decision to charge Mr. Anouzla. We support freedom of
expression and of the press, as we say all the time, universal
rights that are an indispensable part of any society."
As the Committee to Protect Journalists noted in
their excellent report on the misuse of terror laws, "The
number of journalists jailed worldwide hit 232 in 2012, 132 of whom
were held on anti-terror or other national security charges. Both
are records in the 22 years CPJ has documented imprisonments."
Warping "terrorism" laws to suppress journalism is the hallmark of
authoritarian regimes and deserves to be condemned by all. The
Miranda case is a classic example of, as the State Department has
put it, "misus[ing] terrorism laws to prosecute and imprison
We call on the State Department to apply the same principle they've
applied to these authoritarian regimes and condemn the UK for
misusing its "terrorism" laws to suppress journalism and free
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Rob Kall is an award winning journalist, inventor, software architect,
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more detailed bio:
Rob Kall has spent his adult life as an awakener and empowerer-- first in the field of biofeedback, inventing products, developing software and a music recording label, MuPsych, within the company he founded in 1978-- Futurehealth, and founding, organizing and running 3 conferences: Winter Brain, on Neurofeedback and consciousness, Optimal Functioning and Positive Psychology (a pioneer in the field of Positive Psychology, first presenting workshops on it in 1985) and Storycon Summit Meeting on the Art Science and Application of Story-- each the first of their kind. Then, when he found the process of raising people's consciousness and empowering them to take more control of their lives one person at a time was too slow, he founded Opednews.com-- which has been the top search result on Google for the terms liberal news and progressive opinion for several years. Rob began his Bottom-up Radio show, broadcast on WNJC 1360 AM to Metro Philly, also available on iTunes, covering the transition of our culture, business and world from predominantly Top-down (hierarchical, centralized, authoritarian, patriarchal, big) to bottom-up (egalitarian, local, interdependent, grassroots, archetypal feminine and small.) Recent long-term projects include a book, Bottom-up-- The Connection Revolution, debillionairizing the planet and the Psychopathy Defense and Optimization Project.
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