In this precarious, frightened state of mind, people are susceptible to fear-mongering, to despotism, and to scapegoating. They turn to religion, to crazy conspiracy theories, to despair, or -- if they have a job -- to increased workaholism and avarice.
Progressives know that in the absence of effective government regulation and policing, wealth and power tend to concentrate, private corporations produce dangerous goods and pollutants, and the "tragedy of the commons" takes effect. There are many public goods -- the courts, the police, the environment, public health, and education, to name just a few -- for which we need government and taxation. Considerable central planning is desirable to efficiently and equitably allocate resources (e.g., for energy policy and health policy). The Invisible Hand of Adam Smith often drops the ball on your foot and punches you in the face.
But can we trust government??? Often despots or corrupt private interests take over the reins of government.
The far Left merges with the far Right.
So if you can't trust corporations and you can't trust government, who or what can you trust?
We mustn't trust just ourselves and our families. (Alas, many of us can't reliably trust even our families or ourselves.) We need to try and organize into bigger units of cooperation: clubs, communities, political parties, advocacy groups, blogs like OpEdNews, corporations, and governments. It's tough.
Progressives believe in the power of human reason and in the possibility of human cooperation. They believe that organizations and government can work. They believe that people can join together, put aside their differences, and work for the common good -- or at least for specific shared goals. Cooperation is in our genes. It makes us happy, allows us to transcend our small egos (progressivism as spirituality).
This is an idealistic, perhaps quixotic ideology: that people can cooperate. But people do cooperate. A lot. Government does work, in some situations and in some societies. Here too, often. People often do cooperate in all sorts of organizations (including good and bad corporations, as well as crime gangs). Even conservatives cooperate, all too well! Unfortunately, cooperation is easiest when there are ethnic or religious or economic ties -- see Book review: Mark Buchanan's The Social Atom. Humans are clannish.
If government is too powerful, people will become lazy and unproductive, and government will become tyrannical. If government is too weak, private corporations and individuals will accumulate too much wealth and power. Pure communism (= a libertarian utopia!) is a fantasy.
The real, hard question isn't: what's the best balance between private and public? We need both.
The real, hard question is: how can we organize society and institutions, at multiple scales, to prevent monopolization of power and information by corrupt interests, whether private or public? How can people hold each other and their institutions accountable? Even progressive groups become corrupted. One needs constant vigilance. Citizens need to be involved and informed and willing to take responsibility. Institutions must allow them the chance to take responsibility. For example, domain specialists could take responsibility for a website or part of a website. And progressive groups need to join together in coalitions so they're not in competition for money and supporters, and so they can coordinate.