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Address until summer 2015: DAAD German Embassy vul. Bohdana Khmelnitskoho, 25 UA-01901 Kyiv UKRAINE
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Andreas Umland

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Andreas Umland, CertTransl (Leipzig), MA (Stanford), MPhil (Oxford), DipPolSci, DrPhil (FU Berlin), PhD (Cambridge).
Visiting fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution in 1997-99, and Harvard's Weatherhead Center in 2001-02. Bosch visiting lecturer at The Urals State University of Yekaterinburg in 1999-2001, and the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy in 2003/2005. In January-December 2004, Temporary Lecturer in Russian and East European studies at St. Antony's College Oxford. In 2005-2008, DAAD Lecturer at the Shevchenko University of Kyiv. In 2008-2010, Research Fellow at the Institute for Central and East European Studies at Eichstaett, Bavaria. Since 2010, DAAD Senior Lecturer at the Kyiv-Mohyla Academy.
General Editor of the book series "Soviet and Post-Soviet Politics and Society" (, Co-Editor of the Russian webjournal "Forum for the Contemporary History and Ideas of Eastern Europe" (, administrator of the web archive and mailing list "Russian Nationalism" (

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49 Articles, 31 Quick Links, 14 Comments, 4 Diaries, 0 Polls

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(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, August 24, 2011
Fascist Tendencies in Russian Higher Education: The Rise of Aleksandr Dugin and Moscow University's Sociology Faculty Dugin has repeatedly acknowledged his closeness to the ideas of, among other fascist ideologies, Nazism, and uses the term "conservatism" as a cover for the spread of a revolutionary ultranationalist and neo-imperialist ideology. In recent years, he has built up a network of supporters in Moscow's higher echelons of power and established considerable foreign ties.
Isborsk Club meeting in Ulianovsk, From ImagesAttr
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, August 17, 2013
New Extremely Right-Wing Intellectual Circles in Russia This article examines some of the new, extremely anti-Western intellectual circles that have emerged during the past two years in Russia. In the face of the new polarization between pro- and anti-Putin forces, the authoritarian regime and its propagandists are closing ranks with certain extremely right-wing literati.
(3 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, April 19, 2012
Russia's Spreading Nationalist Infection While the recent upsurge of democratic sentiments in Russia gives reasons for hope, it may also intensify the already apparent rapprochement between Russia 's systemic and anti-systemic radically nationalist forces.
SHARE More Sharing        Sunday, January 1, 2012
The Sources and Risks of Russia's White Revolution: Why Putin Failed and the Russian Democrats May Too Russian imperial nationalism and anti-Westernism has been a distraction for Putin & Co who missed the emergence of a domestic challenge, and did not see the crisis of their regime coming. These same factors may also, however, subvert the currently growing pro-democratic protest movement in Moscow and beyond.
(7 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, May 3, 2008
Was Stalinism Nationalistic? A Review Article Brandenberger's claim that Stalinist russocentrism was not truly nationalistic appears is less self-evident if seen in comparative light. There have been many international varieties of Marxism that altered themselves into various forms of populist nationalism, sometimes into ultra-nationalism.
From ImagesAttr
SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, December 23, 2010
Russia 2010: Nationalism's Revenge Since coming to power in 1999, Vladimir Putin has purposefully instrumentalized Russian imperial nostalgia, national pride and ethnocentric thinking for the legitimization of his authoritarian regime. The repercussions of this strategy are becoming a threat to the integrity of the Russian state, in the 21st century
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Sunday, August 23, 2009
Democratic Ukraine, Autocratic Russia: Why? As long as Russia and other post-Soviet republics will keep a national mythology that pays little attention to proto-democratic beginnings in their history, they will remain trapped in their authoritarian traditions. Ukraine provides an example of how a country can break with an unusable past, and create a pluralistic polity drawing on appropriate (if, sometimes, idealized) precedents in its national history.
SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, June 11, 2008
"Neo-Eurasianism," the Issue of Russian Fascism, and Post-Soviet Political Discourse The example of Alexander Dugin illustrates that, as a result of an idiosyncratic conception of generic fascism in post-Soviet Russia, it is sufficient to rhetorically dissociate oneself from the worst crimes of Nazi Germany and to refrain from blatantly copying Nazi symbols in order to avoid public stigmatization as a fascist." Previously published in "Global Politician," 7 June 2008.
(4 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, April 26, 2008
Moscow's New Chief Ideologist: Ivan Demidov The Head of Ideology of Putin's United Russia party has professed to be under the influence of a particularly extreme brand of Russian imperialism known under the label of "neo-Eurasianism."
SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, November 19, 2009
Understanding the Orange Revolution: Ukraine's Democratization in the Russian Mirror On November 21st, 2009, Ukrainian democrats will be celebrating the fifth anniversary of the start of demonstrations in Kyiv which led to larger political developments that came to reshape our understanding of post-Soviet politics. During the last five years, the 2004 events in Ukraine known as the Orange Revolution have become important reference points in the international study of democratic transition and consolidation.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, December 12, 2011
The Stillborn Project of a Eurasian Union: Why Russia-led Post-Soviet Integration Has Little Prospects The creation of a new supranational formation spanning much of the territory of the former Tsarist and Soviet empires is hampered by structural and historical constraints.
(4 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, May 27, 2009
Fascist Tendencies in Russia's Political Establishment: The Rise of the International Eurasian Movement Aleksandr Dugin, a prominent advocate of fascist and anti-Western views, has risen from a fringe ideologue to penetrate into Russian governmental offices, mass media, civil society and academia. Prominent members of Russian society are affiliated with his International Eurasian Movement. If Dugin's views become more widely accepted, a new Cold War will be the least that we should expect from Russia during the coming years.
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Friday, October 3, 2008
Who Said "Genocide" First? A Russian Fascist Preceded (or Provided?) the Definition of Tiblisi's Attack in South Ossetia The Russian extreme right, including some of its crypto-fascist sections, is becoming an ever more influential part of Moscow mainstream public discourse. Its influence can be felt in Russia's mass media, academia, civil society, arts, and politics. Against this background, the growing estrangement between Russia and the West is hardly surprising.
SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, October 30, 2010
What Political System Does Ukraine Need? From Presidentialism to Parliamentarianism The establishment of either a parliament-dominated semi-presidential system, or even of a purely parliamentary republic would constitute an important step towards Ukraine 's future political development and integration into the international community of democratic states.
SHARE More Sharing        Tuesday, July 5, 2011
Four Political Dimensions of Ukraine's Future Europeanization: Why Brussels and the EU Member States Need to Keep an Eye These four dimensions of Ukraine's rapprochement with the EU are, perhaps, the most relevant: (1) anchoring Ukraine internationally, (2) guiding Ukrainian reforms, (3) impressing Russia with Ukraine's Europeanization, and (4) using the European idea to keep Ukraine united. In sum, one can hardly overestimate the political significance of Ukraine's further gradual integration into Europe.
(3 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, February 11, 2012
How to Make Russia Democratic? Unite the Liberal Factions Without a broad coalition, effective pragmatism and collaboration with reformers in the ancien regime, the "White Revolution" will end as miserable as earlier Russian democratization attempts.
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Monday, August 22, 2011
Ukraine's Achievements After 20 Years of Independence: Answers for a Survey by the "Kyiv Post" Ukraine remains an exceptional country, within the post-Soviet context.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, December 7, 2009
Ukraine's German Chance The pro-Ukrainian Free Democratic Party of Germany is becoming a player in the EU's foreign affairs.
Brussels, .Grand Place., At Night, ND Filter OFF, From ImagesAttr
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Friday, June 7, 2013
Will Brussels Miss a Historic Moment in Europe's Integration? || Harvard International Review During the Upcoming Eastern Partnership Summit at Vilnius, the EU Should Provide Armenia, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine with an Official Membership Perspective
SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, April 3, 2008
The Pseudo-Issue of Ukraine's NATO Membership Before leaving office, outgoing US President George W. Bush, Jr. intends to bequeath to his successor and the world yet another headache. As if the Iraq debacle, misconceived "War on Terror," risky recognition of Kosovo, and other doubtful actions were not enough, the US wants to quickly bring Ukraine into NATO. Published in the Ukrainian weekly "Kyiv Post" on April 3rd, 2008,
EPP Congress Marseille 5844, From ImagesAttr
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, August 19, 2013
The Meaning of Tymoshenko's Case for the EU: Will Brussels Sign an Association Agreement with Ukraine? The EU has already gone out of its way by initialing the largest agreement in its history with as dubious a polity as Ukraine is today. The only way for Kyiv to get the agreement signed is to free Tymoshenko. Yanukovych will also have to show "tangible progress" in fulfilling the other prerequisites, and make sure to not open up entirely new issues, for instance, by curtailing press freedom.
(3 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, January 17, 2009
Unpopular Prospect of World War III: The 20th Century Is Not Over Yet Unless something fundamentally changes in Russian-Western relations, we will--as the Russian-Georgian war illustrated--continue to live on the brink of an armed confrontation between two nuclear super-powers.
SHARE More Sharing        Friday, November 30, 2012
EU-Ukraine Relations after the Ukrainian Parliamentary Elections Brussels ' relations with Kyiv are in deadlock. Ukraine is not fulfilling the conditions for signing the already initialed Association Agreement with the EU. Against this background, we outline an eight-point plan of further and alternative actions.
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, April 8, 2010
European Confusion in Kyiv Western observers and visitors should understand that, for many Ukrainian politicians, the main political question is still not what is legitimate, but what is doable and whether they can get away with it.
SHARE More Sharing        Tuesday, May 6, 2008
The Two Towers of Future Russia: The Rise of Dmitry Medvedev and the Re-Configuration of Post-Soviet Politics Medvedev's rise and the emergence of a "pro-Western tower" in the state apparatus will not, by itself, entail that Moscow transforms herself into an ally of the EU or NATO. Rather, Russia's domestic politics will again become confrontational in as far as the rise of Putin's young successor will mobilize and unite the large anti-Western constituency in various sectors of the Russian elite.
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Friday, May 2, 2008
Gorbachev Number Two: Dmitry Medvedev Should the Russian presidential administration retain its prerogatives, and come under the lasting, full control of Medvedev, the Kremlin will become a focal point of pro-democratic tendencies in Moscow. This development could lead to a situation reminiscent of an earlier period of transition that gained fame under its Russian name "perestroika."
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, May 7, 2009
Will There Be a Second Crimean War? In a worst case scenario, an escalation of the Russian-Ukrainian quarrel around the famous Black Sea peninsula destabilizes European security
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Friday, September 26, 2008
Moscow's Miscalculated Show of Strength: Eurasia Reacts Ambiguously to the Russian Caucasus Adventure Like several times before, the Russian leadership becomes as a prisoner to its own propaganda. Outside the Kremlin's propagandistic bubble, Moscow looks increasingly isolated - a perception that, sooner or later, will also find its way into the Russian public.
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Monday, December 22, 2008
Ukraine's Window of Opportunity In order to become a more stable and effective democracy, Ukraine should transform sooner rather than later into a parliamentary republic.
SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, February 13, 2013
Is Berlin Prepared to Support a New Democratization in Ukraine? Germany's Eastern policies have to adapt to the novel political challenges in the post-Soviet space
(3 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Saturday, April 19, 2008
Ukraine & NATO: German deferment vote based on reality, not Russian bias Contemporary Germany's stand on Ukrainian participation in NATO's Membership Action Plan is less related to any particular pro-┬şRussian sentiment. Instead, it is driven by another, more rational assessment of the implications that a Ukrainian MAP participation, at this moment, would have. First published (with some mistakes) in "Kyiv Post," April 17th, 2008,
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Monday, June 13, 2011
EU and NATO Policies in Eastern Europe: Contradictory or Complementary? Russia, quite simply, needs to become a law-based democracy. Oddly, she has the necessary institution already in place. The "only" thing that needs to be done is to implement what Russia's own constitutional provisions, her relevant laws, and her ratified international treaties have been explicitly prescribing, for years by now.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, January 10, 2011
Political Determinants and Possible Consequences of the Rise of the Ukrainian Radical Right Ukrainian politics has been divided between two camps: the pro-Western democrats (recently represented by the "Orange" parties) and the pro-Russian anti-liberals (recently dominated by the Party of Regions). Now radical nationalists are gaining political strength. Will they manage to get their so-called Freedom party into the national parliament?
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Sunday, July 5, 2009
Averting a Post-Orange Disaster: Constitutional Reforms and Political Stability in Ukraine Hard times are awaiting Europe's youngest and largest democracy, and one can only hope that the encouraging sanity and moderation that Kiev's elites have shown before will also prevail in the current situation.
SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, October 3, 2012
The Post-Soviet TV Experts How unwary journalists help dilettante analysts to spoil reforms in the former USSR
(7 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Monday, April 28, 2008
Post-Soviet Nationalism and Russia's Future If one extrapolates Russia's development during the last eight years into the future, we will not only witness a second Cold War. The Russian Federation might become something like a new apartheid state where foreigners and non-Slavic citizens are treated separately from white citizens of Russia by governmental and non-governmental institutions.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, May 16, 2011
How Ukraine Could Help to Bring Russia Back Into Europe: Plea for a New Eastern Policy of the EU Kyiv is considered of, at best, secondary importance to the emergence of a durable pan-European political architecture. Worse, Ukraine is frequently seen as a mere object or even blank spot within the new institutional configuration of the European continent in the 21st century.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, September 19, 2011
The State and Prospects of the Russia-EU-Ukraine Triangle: Answers to Questions by the Valdai Discussion Club Ukraine's gradual inclusion in various Western institutions should be seen by all three sides -- Kyiv, Brussels and Moscow -- as part and parcel of the creation of a new pan-European security structure, a common trading and travel zone, and, eventually, a transcontinental community of shared values in the northern hemisphere.
SHARE More Sharing        Sunday, April 13, 2008
The Paranoia Card: A Comment on Tsygankov's "The Russophobia Card" In the unlikely case that Russia becomes a truly democratic country, much of what Andrei Tsygankov laments in his article would simply disappear. A response to an article published in "The Moscow Times," April 3, 2008, p. 8,, and "OpEdNews," April 3, 2008,
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Friday, January 16, 2009
Pipelines, Checks, and Balances: Is the EU Becoming an Instrument of Moscow's Neo-Colonialism? It appears that in the near future, the European Union monitors will systematically observe the flow of Russian gas to Europe at the Russian-Ukrainian border. Thus, the EU seems to be helping to ease the Russian-Ukrainian confrontation. Or is it? Instead of alleviating the tension, the presence of neutral observers may open a new Pandora's Box in the Russian-Ukrainian power struggle.
SHARE More Sharing        Sunday, April 13, 2008
The Belonuchkin Case: An Example of What Happens to Defenders of Democracy in Russia Working as an official observer during the 2007 State Duma elections, Russian political journalist and researcher Grigory Belonuchkin collected documentation of electoral fraud in favor of Vladimir Putin's party United Russia. In April 2008, he was beaten so severely that he had to be hospitalized.
SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, November 18, 2010
Previewing the EU-Ukraine November 2010 Summit The Union Leadership Needs to Find a Middle Road between More Effective Critique of, and Continuing Cooperation with, Kyiv's New Leadership
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, October 25, 2010
Kyiv's Next Image Problem: The rise of a Galician right-radical party will cause further Ukraine fatigue in the West "Svoboda's" presence in the national legislature would undermine the development of a Ukrainian political nation, and of a transregional, pan-ethnic patriotism. Public opinion in countries like Poland, Israel and Germany would become more skeptical towards the Ukrainians as a European nation. "Svoboda's" further rise will help cementing its current under-institutionalization in the European security structure.
SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, September 14, 2011
EU-Ukraine relations today: Between high hopes and rising worries (interview) Ukraine 's most urgent problem is a lack of attention from most EU member states.
(2 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Monday, January 18, 2010
Russia vs. Ukraine: What Will Happen After the First Blood? Tough a violent escalation of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict remains unlikely, politicians on both sides better start thinking how to react in case it does happen
SHARE More Sharing        Tuesday, March 17, 2009
Final Notes on the Discussion of "The Unpopular Prospect of World War III: The 20th Century Is Not Over Yet" It is the Russian elite's obsession with speculating about the "real" purposes of this or that US policy in Europe or Asia (democracy promotion, missile defence, humanitarian intervention etc.) what constitutes the main problem, and, arguably, could become a threat to international security, in the case of an escalation, on the Caucasus, on Crimea, or in another region.
SHARE More Sharing        Wednesday, August 19, 2009
Europe's Share in the Ukrainian Malaise: The EU commits a historical mistake denying Kyiv a membership perspective The EU's leaders should try to see the larger picture, remember the recent past of their own countries, and stop their unhistorical cognitive dissonance. They should try do understand Ukraine's current issues against the background of the West and Central European states' experience of instability before their participation in European integration. They should offer Ukraine a European perspective sooner rather than later.
SHARE More Sharing        Monday, March 29, 2010
Does Yanukovich's Coalition Government Have a Popular Mandate? As a critical part of the people's deputies do not any longer fulfill their popular mandate, the 2007 parliamentary elections have lost much of their initial political meaning. When elections are inconsequential for the distribution of power in the state, that state is not any longer a democracy.
(1 comments) SHARE More Sharing        Thursday, July 26, 2012
Do Russians Love Their Children Too? A homophobia campaign linking gays to child molesters as well as a series of "paedophilia" defamations relativize the abuse of minors in Russia

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