Nepalese women seek greater political role
The role of Nepalese women in politics and economics is increasing. Earlier, there was 5 percent, now 33 percent in political participation. But, this is only on paper - not in practical use. Equality and justice can be maintained, if there was 50 percent rights in both politics and economic affairs. However, women comprise at least 50 percent, and more than 95 percent of Nepali women are effected by the Maoists war. Since the conflict started, rape and kidnapping have increased. Prostitution increased. Kidnap and torture still take place. Forceful recruitment of young women in the Maoist force is another serious issue.
During the 1990's, participation of Nepali women in the political sectors was very low especially in the economic sectors. But, as an impact of International Women's year and decade, there has been new discussion and debate regarding women's rights. In order to change the socio economic and political status of Nepalese women, as well as to project their new role and image the women status, the role played by the women in the development of the country is generally very feeble and insignificant. The nation has yet to realize the importance of the eradication of women's discrimination. Involvement in education, politics and in the economic sector is very little, hence rural women are incapable of fighting for their rights.
Even after the political change in 1990, some women got an opportunity to organize themselves. It was a good sign that more and more women's organizations were coming to support women to express their problems and experiences, but after a few years they disappeared. Nowadays, some other women's organizations believe that their duty is fulfilled if a small program for women is provided. But this does not bring any change in the status of women in Nepal.
It is true, nowadays women have been encouraged in political affairs. But they don't participate in politics due to parochial culture, particularly in the villages. Women are recruiting in the army and other forces are positive, but still women's participation in the existing politics is very nominal. This applies to both urban politics and rural politics. Many women avoid politics, as there is no adequate representation and participation of women in the national politics.
There are millions of Nepalese women who live below the poverty line, and are struggling from day to day to make ends meet. Thus, women are the ones who have suffered the most, and in most rural societies, they are the ones who hold the family together.
Maoists are constantly saying that they will undertake further efforts to develop women's status. But the Maoist can change their color and goal in the current politics, because they understand they must adapt and adjust according to the changing environment. It is because of this aspect that they came from the jungle to cities. In spite of their inclusion in the present government, they are still in chains. Their legs are fastened within cantonments, hands are fastened, and mouths are closed in the current cabinet by the treaties and the UNMIN. Nevertheless, they are free to come out from cantonments when they need.
Maoists are not trustworthy as either political or social partners because presently, they are running into water, fire, air, and sky -- not on earth. There are misunderstandings, misconception, mistrust, and tension among themselves due to the absence of idiosyncratic leadership.
Women's empowerment depends also on the wealth of a country. Women's empowerment is key to social and economic development. Women generally have more discipline than men. A good economic program would help them straighten their financial needs and maintain fiscal discipline. Women are not only one of the founders of Nepalese culture and society, but also in all the countries of the world. The creation begins through women. After birth, growth, young, old, death, and even after death.
Nepali women have played an unprecedented role in shaping and safeguarding to Nepalese culture and society.
Thus, a good economic program could help increase the income of the women and help to reduce the poverty. On the other hand, Nepalese women's consensus in Nepal is to establish stable government for all-round development and freedom by providing equal opportunities, both in rights and duties. Nepalese women are searching for a dynamic new leader.
This article was originally published by upiasiaonline.