For Immediate Release
Denials, Delays Cause at Least Three Deaths
(, October 20, 2007) – is arbitrarily blocking, delaying and harassing people with emergency medical problems who need to leave the Gaza Strip for urgent care, Human Rights Watch said today. At least three patients denied exit permits have died since June, and others have lost limbs or sight due to injuries and disease that have gone without proper treatment.
Despite its 2005 disengagement, maintains substantial control of Gaza’s borders – land, air and sea. Since June 2007, when forcibly seized power in , has made it increasingly difficult for medical supplies to get into and for any of Gaza’s 1.4 million residents to get out, even when they urgently need medical treatment.
“ is punishing sick civilians as a way to hurt , and that’s legally and morally wrong,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, director of Human Rights Watch’s Middle East division. “ remains the occupying power in despite disengagement, and thus has a legal obligation to facilitate medical care to the greatest extent possible.”
The Israeli government, and in particular the General Security Service (Shabak), cite unspecified “security concerns” when denying medical patients exit permits from . But numerous examples point to the arbitrary nature of those decisions, Human Rights Watch said.
This week, for example, the Israeli government allowed six people with life-threatening conditions to leave , after the Tel Aviv-based Physicians for Human Rights-Israel (PHR-Israel) threatened to challenge the denied permits in court. The government had previously rejected all six on two separate occasions, citing unspecified security concerns.
The six cases include a 16-year-old girl with a congenital heart defect and two women in their twenties with cancer. They all have conditions that Israeli doctors determined require treatment outside , and one of the women had previously received chemotherapy in .
Since June, PHR-Israel has intervened in 138 cases of patients from whom the government had rejected for alleged security reasons. It succeeded to date in gaining exit permits for 52 of these people.
According to PHR-Israel, in some cases the person was allowed out of only if he or she submitted to interrogation by the Shabak. An article this month in the major Israeli daily newspaper Ma’ariv documented how intelligence officers at Erez crossing, the only passenger crossing in and out of , tell medical patients that they can leave only if they provide information to Israeli intelligence.
A father who recently accompanied his five-year-old son out of to receive care for an injured eye told Human Rights Watch how he underwent questioning by Shabak at the border in a concrete room with a floor of metal grating that looked down onto an exposed basement. Interrogators sat behind bulletproof glass. Other Palestinians who left for non-medical reasons described the same room.
is taking these measures at a time when its strict control of what gets into has led to deteriorating medical conditions there, Human Rights Watch said. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the increasing restrictions are “putting the access to health care especially in regard to tertiary care at risk.” The organization cites a lack of some oncology drugs and a shortage of functioning laboratory equipment.
Medical facilities in cannot provide many advanced services, such as cardiovascular surgery, neurosurgery and advanced ophthalmology services.
“There are no machines to treat this in ,” said the father of the 16-year-old girl with the heart defect, who was finally allowed to cross into this week. “If it was possible we would have done it here months ago.”
In a visit to the dialysis ward at City’s al-Shifa Hospital, this week, Human Rights Watch found doctors having to use catheters whose expiry date had passed. “We sterilize them and do our best,” a doctor said.
Human Rights Watch expressed concern that Israeli restrictions on the transfer of individuals and goods in and out of , including medical supplies – aimed at putting pressure on – are a form of collective punishment against the civilian population in violation of international humanitarian law.