The UN Human Rights Office spokesperson Rupert Colville Wednesday expressed deep concern over the arrest of Kashmiri human rights defender Khurram Parvez under Indian counter-terrorism legislation, the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA).
The UN Human Rights Office is also alarmed by the rise in killings of civilians, including members of religious minorities, by armed groups in Indian-administered Kashmir this year.
Parvez is known as a tireless advocate for families of the disappeared and has been targeted before for his human rights work Colville said in a statement.
In 2016, Parvez was detained under another controversial law, the Public Safety Act, for two and a half months after being prevented from travelling to the Human Rights Council in Geneva. He was released after the Jammu and Kashmir High Court declared his detention illegal.
The UAPA empowers the authorities to designate individuals and organizations as terrorists based on imprecise criteria, contains a vague and overly broad definition of 'terrorist act', allows people to be held in lengthy pre-trial detention and makes securing bail very difficult. It raises serious concerns relating to the right of presumption of innocence along with other due process and fair trial rights. The Act is also increasingly being used to stifle the work of human rights defenders, journalists and other critics in Jammu and Kashmir and other parts of India.
In view of this context of previous reprisal for legitimate conduct, we call on the Indian authorities to fully safeguard his right to freedom of expression, association and personal liberty and to take the precautionary step of releasing him, Colville said adding:
"We reiterate our calls for the UAPA to be amended to bring it into line with international human rights law and standards, and urge the authorities, pending the law's amendment, to refrain from using this or other laws unduly restricting freedom of expression in cases involving civil society, media, and human rights defenders.
"Against this backdrop, the UN Human Rights Office is increasingly alarmed by the rise in killings of civilians, including members of religious minorities, by armed groups in Indian-administered Kashmir this year. At the same time, civilians have been killed by security forces in the course of counter-terrorism operations, and their bodies on occasion disposed in secret. One of these incidents happened on 15 November when four people were killed in a reported gunfight in Srinagar's Hyderpora area, including two civilians."
Expressing concern at signs of a wider crackdown on civil society actors in Jammu and Kashmir, Colville said, the use of sweeping counter-terrorism measures risks leading to further human rights violations and deepening discontent. "We call on the security forces and armed groups to exercise restraint, and to ensure that the rise in tensions in Jammu and Kashmir in recent weeks does not lead to further violence against the civilian population".
Arindam Bagchi, the spokesperson in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), said Thursday the statement of the spokesperson of the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) makes baseless and unfounded allegations against law enforcement authorities and security forces of India.